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Economic & Sector Work :: Other Health Study

Protocol for an Integrated Bio-Behavioral Surveillance Study among Most At-risk Populations in Lebanon : Sex Workers, Injecting Drug Users, Men Who Have Sex with Men, and Prisoners

ADULT PREVALENCE ADULT PREVALENCE RATE AIDS PROGRAM ANXIETY AWARENESS CAMPAIGNS BEHAVIOR CHANGE BEHAVIORAL CHANGES BEHAVIORAL RISK BEHAVIORAL SURVEILLANCE BLOOD SAMPLES BLOOD TEST BLOOD TRANSFUSION BODY FLUIDS BULLETIN CAPACITY BUILDING CHILD HEALTH COMMERCIAL SEX COMMERCIAL SEX WORKERS COMPENSATION CONFIRMATORY TEST COUNSELORS DIAGNOSTICS DISCRIMINATION DISEASE DISEASE CONTROL DISSEMINATION DRUG USERS EPIDEMIC EPIDEMICS EPIDEMIOLOGICAL RESEARCH EPIDEMIOLOGY ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS FAMILY HEALTH FAMILY HEALTH INTERNATIONAL FEMALE FEMALE SEX WORKERS GENDER GLOBAL AIDS EPIDEMIC HEALTH BEHAVIOR HEALTH CARE HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS HEALTH CARE SERVICES HEALTH EDUCATION HEALTH MANAGEMENT HEPATITIS HEPATITIS B HEPATITIS B VIRUS HEPATITIS C HIV HIV AIDS HIV DATA HIV INFECTION HIV POSITIVE HIV PREVENTION HIV TESTING HIV TRANSMISSION HIV/AIDS HOMES HOSPITAL IMMIGRANTS INEQUALITY INFECTION RATES INFECTIOUS DISEASES INFORMED CONSENT INJECTING DRUG USE INJECTING DRUG USERS INTERVENTION INTRAVENOUS DRUG USER INTRAVENOUS DRUG USERS JUSTICE LOW PREVALENCE MARITAL STATUS MEDICINE MINISTRY OF HEALTH NATIONAL AIDS NATIONAL AIDS CONTROL NATIONAL COMMITTEE NATIONALS NUMBER OF PEOPLE OUTREACH ACTIVITIES PATHOLOGY PATIENT PATIENTS POPULATION GROUPS POPULATION SIZE PRISON PRISONERS PRIVACY PROGRESS PSYCHIATRY PUBLIC HEALTH QUALITY CONTROL REFERRAL SERVICES RESEARCH PROJECTS RISK BEHAVIOR RISK BEHAVIORS RISK POPULATIONS RISK REDUCTION RISK STATUS RISKY BEHAVIOR RISKY BEHAVIORS SCREENING SEX SEX WITH MEN SEX WORKER SEX WORKERS SEXUAL PRACTICES SOCIAL PROBLEMS SODIUM SYMPTOMS TABOO TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TOUCH TRAINING SESSION TREATMENT TREATMENT SERVICES TUBERCULOSIS UNAIDS UNPROTECTED SEX URBAN CENTRES VIRUSES VOLUNTARY TESTING VULNERABLE GROUPS VULNERABLE POPULATIONS WHOLE BLOOD SPECIMENS WILL WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION YOUNG MEN YOUNG PEOPLE
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Lebanon Ministry of Public Health
Middle East and North Africa | Lebanon
2013-03-25T14:00:35Z | 2013-03-25T14:00:35Z | 2008-11

This report has grown out of the implementation of an Integrated Bio Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) study among most at-risk populations in Lebanon. AIDS-related policies and programs in the Middle East and North Africa region are highly constrained by the lack of accurate information about the full scale of the epidemic. This is for a number of reasons, including limitations of existing surveillance, and intense stigma associated with the disease. Lebanon urgently requires greater understanding of its epidemic and high quality integrated bio-behavioral surveys of vulnerable populations are a prerequisite for greater understanding of low prevalence epidemics, such as Lebanon's. The costs of continuing to respond without adequate data or insight greatly outweigh the cost and complexities of such a survey. A Lebanese survey will also contribute to a greater regional understanding of the magnitude and dynamics of the Middle East's epidemics. The study aims to provide an estimate of HIV prevalence among four major vulnerable groups in Lebanon, namely men who have sex with men (MSM), prisoners, commercial sex workers (FSWs) and intravenous drug users (IDUs); provide an estimate of co-infection with Hepatitis B and C among HIV positive participants in the MSM population, FSW population, IVUDs, and the prisoners; provide an estimate of level of infection of Hepatitis C among the entire intravenous drug user population; foster research collaboration for the project between NGOs involved with the vulnerable groups, the National AIDS Program and the American University of Beirut and contribute to building the research capacity of the NGOs involved; estimate the population size of the four vulnerable groups using the multiplier method based on NGO sources and estimates; and gain greater insight into major HIV transmission dynamics among the four vulnerable groups in Lebanon.

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