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Economic & Sector Work :: Other Urban Study

Mozambique - Municipal Development in Mozambique : Lessons from the First Decade - Synthesis Report

ACCESS TO LAND ACCOUNTABILITY ADMINISTRATIVE CAPACITY ASSETS AUTONOMY BLOCK GRANTS BUSINESS LICENSES CADASTRES CAPACITY BUILDING CAPITAL COSTS CAPITAL PROJECTS CENTRAL GOVERNMENT CITIES CITIZEN PARTICIPATION CITY CONSULTATIONS CIVIL SERVICE COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION CONSUMERS COUNCILORS DECENTRALIZATION DECENTRALIZATION PROCESS DECONCENTRATION DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS ELECTRICITY EMPLOYMENT ENTREPRENEURSHIP ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS FISCAL DECENTRALIZATION FISCAL POLICIES FISCAL REFORM FISCAL REFORMS GOVERNMENT REFORM HOUSEHOLDS HOUSING INCOME INFORMAL LAND MARKETS INTERGOVERNMENTAL RELATIONS INTERGOVERNMENTAL TRANSFERS INVESTMENT COSTS LAND TENURE LAND USE LARGE CITIES LAWS LEGISLATION LOCAL AUTHORITIES LOCAL CAPACITY LOCAL ENTREPRENEURS LOCAL GOVERNMENT LOCAL GOVERNMENTS LOCAL LEVEL LOCAL OPERATORS LOCAL REVENUE LOCAL SERVICES MANDATES MAYORS MUNICIPAL MUNICIPAL ADMINISTRATION MUNICIPAL ASSEMBLIES MUNICIPAL AUTHORITIES MUNICIPAL BUDGETS MUNICIPAL COMPANIES MUNICIPAL COUNCIL MUNICIPAL COUNCILS MUNICIPAL DEVELOPMENT MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS MUNICIPAL EMPLOYEES MUNICIPAL FINANCE MUNICIPAL GOVERNANCE MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENTS MUNICIPAL LEVEL MUNICIPAL MANAGEMENT MUNICIPAL OFFICIALS MUNICIPAL PERFORMANCE MUNICIPAL REPRESENTATIVES MUNICIPAL RESPONSIBILITIES MUNICIPAL RESPONSIBILITY MUNICIPAL REVENUE MUNICIPAL SERVICES MUNICIPAL STAFF MUNICIPAL SYSTEM MUNICIPALITIES MUNICIPALITY NATIONAL TAXES OPERATIONAL CAPACITY PIT LATRINE PIT LATRINES POPULATION GROWTH POVERTY REDUCTION PRIVATE OPERATORS PRIVATE SECTOR PROPERTY TAXES PROVINCES PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENTS PROVINCIAL WATER PUBLIC PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION PUBLIC HEALTH PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS PUBLIC SECTOR PUBLIC SECTOR REFORM PUBLIC SERVICES PUBLIC WORKS REGULATORY FRAMEWORK RESOURCE ALLOCATION REVENUE COLLECTION ROADS RURAL TOWNS SANITATION FACILITIES SANITATION INVESTMENT SANITATION OPERATIONS SANITATION SERVICES SAVINGS SEPTIC TANK SERVICE DELIVERY SERVICE IMPROVEMENTS SERVICE PROVIDERS SERVICE PROVISION SETTLEMENTS SMALL MUNICIPALITIES SOCIAL SERVICES SOLID WASTE SOLID WASTE COLLECTION SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT SPATIAL PLANNING TAX TAX COLLECTION TAX REVENUES TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TOWNS TRANSPARENCY TRANSPORT URBAN AREAS URBAN CENTERS URBAN DEVELOPMENT URBAN ENVIRONMENT URBAN GOVERNANCE URBAN GROWTH URBAN LAND MANAGEMENT URBAN PLANNING URBAN POOR URBAN POVERTY URBAN PUBLIC SERVICES URBAN SANITATION URBAN SERVICES URBANIZATION UTILITIES VOTERS WATER SECTOR WATER SUPPLY WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS
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World Bank
Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | Southern Africa | Mozambique
2012-03-19T17:24:31Z | 2012-03-19T17:24:31Z | 2009-05-01

Municipalities in Mozambique were established by law in 1997 and elected in 1998 for the first time, only a few years after the peace agreement. Most inherited archaic and dysfunctional remnants of colonial and central government systems and infrastructure, and as such limited progress was achieved in transforming them into functioning local governments during the first mandate (1998-2002). During the second mandate (2003-2008), however, significant improvements were seen as municipalities began to grasp the nettle of local governance and some service delivery challenges. By the end of their first decade most municipalities have reorganized themselves to some extent and a number have undertaken initiatives that are beginning to bear fruit. There remains a long way to go, however, before municipalities will be robust enough to deliver quality local services to meet growing demand. There is a danger that the pace of municipal technical and financial capacity development will be overtaken by the growing municipal population and by transfers of additional mandates. Municipalities, central government, and the Association of Municipalities (ANAMM) need to support municipalities to perform their potentially significant role in improving living conditions, stimulating growth and cementing meaningful democracy in Mozambique. This study provides the first integrated assessment of the challenges of local development and service delivery through a municipal lens. It diagnoses the underlying systemic constraints facing municipalities, discusses some of the specific service delivery challenges of the municipalities, and it sets out recommendations for both central and municipal governments to tackle some of these constraints within an integrated and systemic framework.

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