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Economic & Sector Work :: Other Education Study

Ghana - Job Creation and Skills Development : Main Report

ACCOUNTING ACTIVE LABOR ACTIVE LABOR MARKET ACTIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT AGE GROUP ANNUAL EARNINGS AVERAGE EARNINGS AVERAGE GROWTH BENEFICIARIES BENEFICIARY BRAIN DRAIN BUDGETING BUSINESS CLIMATE CALCULATION COBB-DOUGLAS PRODUCTION FUNCTION COLLECTIVE AGREEMENTS COLLECTIVE BARGAINING COMMODITY CONSUMER CONSUMER PRICE INDEX CONTRIBUTION COST OF LABOR CRAFTSMEN CREATING JOBS CURRICULUM DEPRECIATION DISMISSAL DIVERSIFICATION DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION DOMESTIC MARKET DRIVERS EARNING EARNINGS ECONOMIC ACTIVITY ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT EDUCATION PROGRAMS EMPLOYABILITY EMPLOYEE EMPLOYMENT EMPLOYMENT AGENCIES EMPLOYMENT GENERATION EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES EMPLOYMENT POLICIES EMPLOYMENT POLICY EMPLOYMENT PROGRAM EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS EMPLOYMENT RATE EMPLOYMENT RATES EMPLOYMENT SITUATION EMPLOYMENT STATUS FINANCIAL SERVICES FIRING COSTS FIRM PERFORMANCE FIRM SIZE FIRM SURVEY FISCAL MANAGEMENT FORMAL EDUCATION FORMAL SECTOR WAGE FORMAL SECTOR WORKERS GROSS WAGE HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS HUMAN CAPITAL HUMAN RESOURCE INCOME INCOME SUPPORT INCOME SUPPORT PROGRAMS INCOMES INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS INFLATION INFORMAL ECONOMY INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT INFORMAL SECTOR INITIAL CAPITAL INSURANCE INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION INVESTING INVESTMENT CLIMATE JOB CREATION JOB SEEKERS JOBS LABOR ABSORPTION LABOR COST LABOR COSTS LABOR DEMAND LABOR FORCE LABOR FORCE GROWTH LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION LABOR LAW LABOR LAWS LABOR MARKET LABOR MARKET ARRANGEMENT LABOR MARKET INDICATORS LABOR MARKET INSTITUTIONS LABOR MARKET NEEDS LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES LABOR MARKET POLICIES LABOR MARKET POLICY LABOR MARKET REGULATION LABOR MARKET REGULATIONS LABOR MARKETS LABOR POLICIES LABOR PRODUCTIVITY LABOR REALLOCATION LABOR REGULATION LABOR REGULATIONS LABOR SUPPLY LABOR UNIONS LARGE FIRMS LITERACY LOW INCOME LOW-INCOME LOWER INCOME MACROECONOMIC PERFORMANCE MACROECONOMIC STABILITY MANPOWER MARKET PARTICIPANTS MARKET TRENDS MINIMUM WAGE MINIMUM WAGES NATIONAL UNEMPLOYMENT NATIONAL UNEMPLOYMENT RATE NEW JOB NEW JOBS NON-WAGE COSTS OCCUPATION OLDER WORKERS PAYING JOBS PENSION PENSION REFORM PENSION REFORMS PENSION SCHEMES PENSION SYSTEM POVERTY ALLEVIATION PRELIMINARY RESULTS PRIMARY EDUCATION PRIMARY SOURCE PRIVATE EMPLOYMENT PRIVATE INVESTMENT PRIVATE SECTOR PRIVATE SECTOR WAGE PRIVATE TRAINING PRIVATE TRAINING INSTITUTIONS PRODUCT MARKETS PRODUCTIVE WORK PRODUCTIVITY GAINS PUBLIC EXPENDITURE PUBLIC INVESTMENT PUBLIC SECTOR JOBS PUBLIC SECTOR WORKERS PUBLIC WORK PUBLIC WORK SCHEMES RAPID POPULATION GROWTH RE-EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS REAL ESTATE RESPONSIBILITIES RURAL POVERTY SAFETY NET SAFETY NETS SALARIED WORKERS SALARY SECONDARY EDUCATION SECONDARY SCHOOL SECONDARY SCHOOLS SELF-EMPLOYMENT SENIOR SERVICE SECTOR SKILLED LABOR SKILLED WORKFORCE SKILLS DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL PROTECTION SOCIAL SECURITY SOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONS SOCIAL WELFARE STAKEHOLDERS TECHNICAL SKILLS TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT TEMPORARY JOBS TEMPORARY WORKERS TERMINATION TOTAL EMPLOYMENT TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY TOTAL LABOR FORCE TOTAL WAGE TRADE UNION TRAINING CENTERS TRAINING PROGRAMS TRAINING SYSTEM UNEMPLOYED UNEMPLOYED WORKERS UNEMPLOYMENT UNEMPLOYMENT RATE UNEMPLOYMENT RATES UNION MEMBERSHIP UNION WAGE PREMIUM UNREALISTIC EXPECTATIONS UNSKILLED LABOR UNSKILLED WORKERS URBAN EMPLOYMENT URBAN POPULATION VALUABLE VOCATIONAL EDUCATION VOCATIONAL TRAINING WAGE BILL WAGE EMPLOYMENT WAGE GAINS WAGE GAP WAGE NEGOTIATIONS WAGE POLICIES WAGE POLICY WAGE PREMIUM WAGE RATES WORK FORCE WORKER WORKERS WORKING AGE WORKING AGE POPULATION WORKING LIVES YOUNG PEOPLE YOUTH EMPLOYMENT
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World Bank
Africa | West Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | Ghana
2012-03-19T17:23:50Z | 2012-03-19T17:23:50Z | 2009-05-29

According to Government, Ghana is facing many challenges in the area of skill development and job creation. The Government is particularly concerned with: (i) unemployment among the youth (6.1 percent in 2005 for 15-24 years old), which has been attributable to the rapid population growth rate of the youth, the rapid urbanization rate, the quality of labor supply, and low labor absorption rate of the economy; and (ii) the external efficiency of the education training system and its ability to supply the skills demanded by a diversified and competitive economy. Moreover, other related concerns include: channeling economic growth toward creating jobs, including 'good jobs'; better understanding the functioning of the informal sector; explaining the mismatch between skills development and jobs; improving labor market indicators; monitoring and evaluating employment programs' outcomes; reviewing the role of labor market regulations in job creation; and reforming technical vocational education and training (TVET) systems. The key objective of Ghana's development policy is to accelerate economic growth and put the creation of new and better jobs at the center of the Government agenda. In this context, and complementing the recent Country Economic Memorandum (CEM) and earlier Bank's work on youth employment, this report addresses labor market challenges that Ghana is facing, particularly as it strives for middle income status by 2015. This report: (a) briefly reviews the determinants of labor demand; (b) analyzes labor market outcomes based on recent survey data; (c) reviews the role of labor policies, institutions and programs; and (d) examines education and skills development policies and their links to labor market outcomes.

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