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Education and HIV/AIDS Prevention : Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation in Western Kenya

ABORTION ABSTINENCE ACCESS TO EDUCATION ACHIEVEMENT ACTIVE LEARNING ADOLESCENT GIRLS ADOLESCENT HEALTH ADOLESCENT SEXUAL HEALTH ADOLESCENTS ADULTS AIDS AIDS EDUCATION AIDS EPIDEMIC AIDS PREVENTION CALL CHILD DEVELOPMENT CHILDBEARING CHURCHES CLASS TEACHERS CLASSROOM COMPARATIVE EDUCATION CONDOM CONDOM PROMOTION CONDOM USE CONDOMS COST OF EDUCATION COUNSELING CURRICULA CURRICULUM DEMONSTRATION DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DISEASES DROPOUT RATES EARLY MARRIAGE EDUCATION CURRICULUM EDUCATION METHODOLOGY EDUCATION PROGRAMS ENROLLMENT ENROLLMENT DATA EXAM EXAMS FAMILY PLANNING FEMALE TEACHER FOCUS GROUP DISCUSSIONS FREE UNIFORMS GENDER RATIO GIRLS HEADMASTERS HEALTH EDUCATION HEALTH SERVICES HIGH SCHOOL HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS HIV HIV INFECTION HIV INFECTIONS HOME VISITS INFECTION RATES INTERVENTIONS JOURNAL OF MEDICINE LEADERSHIP LEARNING LEARNING ACTIVITIES LESSON PLANS LET MAJORITY OF CHILDREN MARITAL STATUS MINISTRY OF EDUCATION MINISTRY OF HEALTH MULTIPLE PARTNERS NATIONAL AIDS NATIONAL CURRICULUM NUMBER OF SCHOOLS NUMBER OF TEACHERS OLDER MEN OLDER PARTNERS PAPERS PEER PRESSURE PEOPLE LIVING WITH AIDS POLICY RESEARCH POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER POPULATION COUNCIL PREGNANCIES PREGNANCY PREMARITAL SEX PRIMARY EDUCATION PRIMARY LEVEL PRIMARY SCHOOL PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS PRIMARY SCHOOLS PRIMARY STUDENTS PRIMARY TEACHERS PRIMARY-SCHOOL PRIMARY-SCHOOL-AGE PRIMARY-SCHOOL-AGE POPULATION PROGRESS PUBLIC HEALTH RADIO REGULAR SCHOOLS RELIGIOUS GROUPS RETENTION RATES RISK-TAKING BEHAVIOR RISKY BEHAVIOR RISKY SEXUAL BEHAVIOR SCHOOL ADOLESCENTS SCHOOL ATTENDANCE SCHOOL CONTROL SCHOOL CURRICULUM SCHOOL DROPOUT SCHOOL EDUCATION SCHOOL ENROLLMENT SCHOOL FEES SCHOOL HEALTH SCHOOL HEALTH EDUCATION SCHOOL LEVEL SCHOOL TEACHERS SCHOOL UNIFORMS SCHOOL VISITS SCHOOL-AGE POPULATION SCHOOLING SCHOOLS SECONDARY SCHOOL SEX EDUCATION SEX RATIO SEXUAL ACTIVITY SEXUAL BEHAVIOR SEXUAL HEALTH SEXUAL HEALTH EDUCATION SEXUAL RISK SEXUALITY SEXUALITY EDUCATION SOCIAL MARKETING SOCIAL PRESSURE SOCIAL SCIENCE SUGAR DADDIES TEACHER TEACHER TRAINING TEACHER TRAINING SCHOOLS TEACHERS TEACHING TEEN TEEN PREGNANCY TEENAGE GIRLS TEENAGERS TEXTBOOKS TOLERANCE TRAINEES TRAINING COSTS TRANSMISSION RATES UNPROTECTED SEX USE OF CONDOMS USE OF RESOURCES YOUNG WOMEN YOUTH
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | East Africa | Kenya
2012-06-26T14:11:53Z | 2012-06-26T14:11:53Z | 2006-10

The authors report results from a randomized evaluation comparing three school-based HIV/AIDS interventions in Kenya: (1) training teachers in the Kenyan Government's HIV/AIDS-education curriculum; (2) encouraging students to debate the role of condoms and to write essays on how to protect themselves against HIV/AIDS; and (3) reducing the cost of education. Their primary measure of the effectiveness of these interventions is teenage childbearing, which is associated with unprotected sex. The authors also collected measures of knowledge, attitudes, and behavior regarding HIV/AIDS. After two years, girls in schools where teachers had been trained were more likely to be married in the event of a pregnancy. The program had little other impact on students' knowledge, attitudes, and behavior, or on the incidence of teen childbearing. The condom debates and essays increased practical knowledge and self-reported use of condoms without increasing self-reported sexual activity. Reducing the cost of education by paying for school uniforms reduced dropout rates, teen marriage, and childbearing.

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