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Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper

Exploring the Links between HIV/AIDS, Social Capital, and Development

ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME AGED AGGREGATE MEASURE AIDS CARE AIDS CASE AIDS EPIDEMIC ANTENATAL CLINICS BEHAVIORAL CHANGES BLOOD DONATION CARE FOR ORPHANS CASES OF AIDS CHILD LABOR CHILD SURVIVAL CHLAMYDIA CIVIC PARTICIPATION CIVIL WAR CLINICAL TRIALS COMMUNITIES COMMUNITY ASSOCIATIONS COUNTRY CHARACTERISTICS COUNTRY DUMMY COUNTRY LEVEL COUNTRY REGRESSIONS CRIME CROSS-COUNTRY ANALYSIS CROSS-COUNTRY DATA DECLINE IN FERTILITY DEMOCRACY DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION DEPENDENCY RATIOS DEPENDENT VARIABLE DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DEVELOPMENT POLICY DIAGNOSTICS DISCRIMINATION DISEASE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC EFFECTS ECONOMIC FACTORS ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC INDICATORS ECONOMIC REVIEW EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT EFFECTS OF AIDS ELASTICITY EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS EMPIRICAL ESTIMATES EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE EMPIRICAL RESULTS EMPIRICAL SCRUTINY EMPIRICAL SUPPORT EMPIRICAL WORK EPIDEMIOLOGY EXPLANATORY VARIABLES EXTERNALITIES FAMILY INCOME FERTILITY FERTILITY RATE FERTILITY TRANSITION FINANCIAL DEPTH FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL MARKETS FLOW OF INFORMATION GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM MODEL GINI COEFFICIENT GOOD GOVERNANCE GROWTH MODELS GROWTH REGRESSIONS HAZARD HEALTH SURVEYS HIV HIV INFECTION HIV PREVENTION HIV TRANSMISSION HIV\AIDS HUMAN CAPITAL HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IMMUNODEFICIENCY INCOME INEQUALITY INFECTIONS INFECTIOUS DISEASES LABOR FORCE LABOUR FORCE MACROECONOMIC EFFECTS MACROECONOMICS MALE CIRCUMCISION MALNUTRITION MARKET CAPITALIZATION MARKET IMPERFECTIONS MEASUREMENT ERROR MEDICAL CARE MEDICINE MONETARY ECONOMICS MORAL HAZARD MORBIDITY MORTALITY MORTALITY RATES NATIONAL LEVEL NATIONAL LEVELS NEGATIVE COEFFICIENT NEGATIVE EFFECT NEGATIVE IMPACT NEGATIVE SIGN 0 HYPOTHESIS NUMBER OF PEOPLE OLDER PEOPLE OPPORTUNITY COST ORPHAN ORPHAN CRISIS ORPHANS PHYSICAL CAPITAL PLAGUE POLICY RESEARCH POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER POLICY REVIEW POLITICAL ECONOMY POLITICAL SCIENCE POPULATION DENSITY POVERTY ALLEVIATION PREGNANT WOMEN PREMATURE DEATH PREVALENCE PREVALENCE RATE PREVALENCE RATES PRIMARY SCHOOL PRIVATE SECTOR PROGRESS PROPERTY RIGHTS PROPORTIONAL INCREASE PUBLIC ECONOMICS PUBLIC INTERVENTION PUBLIC POLICY PUBLIC SERVICES RELIGIOUS INSTITUTIONS RULE OF LAW RURAL AREAS RURAL POPULATION SAFE SEX SCHOOL ENROLMENT SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS SEXUAL BEHAVIOR SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS SIGNIFICANCE LEVEL SIGNIFICANT EFFECT SIGNIFICANT NEGATIVE SOCIAL CAPITAL SOCIAL COHESION SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS SOCIAL INTERACTION SOCIAL NETWORKS SOCIAL NORMS SOCIAL SCIENCE SOCIAL SCIENCES SOCIAL STRUCTURE SOCIETAL NORMS SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA SYPHILIS TECHNICAL INFORMATION TOLERANCE TRANSMISSION UNAIDS URBAN AREAS USE OF CONDOMS VITAL STATISTICS VULNERABILITY WARS
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Europe and Central Asia | Africa | Uganda | Estonia
2012-05-31T21:52:21Z | 2012-05-31T21:52:21Z | 2008-07

This paper attempts to quantify the impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic on social capital with cross-country data. Using data from the World Values Survey, the authors estimate reduced-form regressions of the main determinants of social capital controlling for HIV prevalence, institutional quality, social distance, and economic indicators. The results obtained indicate that HIV prevalence affects social capital negatively. The empirical estimates suggest that a one standard deviation increase in HIV prevalence will lead to a decline of at least 1 percent in trust, controlling for other determinants of social capital. Moving from a country with a relatively low level of HIV prevalence, such as Estonia, to a country with a relatively high level, such as Uganda, there is a more than 11 percent point decline in social capital. These results are robust in a number of dimensions and highlight the empirical importance of an additional mechanism through which HIV/AIDS hinders the development process.

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