This assessment of the Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML-CFT) regime in Mali was conducted on the basis of the Forty Recommendations of 2003 and the Nine Special Recommendations on the financing of terrorism drawn up in 2003 and 2001, respectively, by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), and on the AML-CFT Methodology of 2004. The assessment was based on the laws, regulations, and other materials supplied by community institutions (in particular the Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO), the Banking Commission of the West African Economic and Monetary Union (BC-WAEMU) and the Inter-ministerial Group for Action Against Money Laundering in West Africa (GIABA)) and by the national authorities of Mali, as well as the information gathered in the course of the country visit from February 4 to 14, 2008. During its visit, the assessment team met with the managers and representatives of all the relevant government agencies and the private sector. This report provides a summary of the AML/CFT measures in force in Mali as at the date of the on-site visit or immediately thereafter. It describes and analyzes those measures, and makes recommendations on how certain aspects of the system could be strengthened. It also sets out Mali's level of compliance with the FATF 40+9 Recommendations.