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Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review

Lebanon : Electricity Sector Public Expenditure Review

ADVERSE IMPACT AVAILABILITY BARREL BASE LOAD DEMAND CAPITAL MARKETS COAL COAL PRICES CONSUMER DEMAND CONSUMPTION PATTERNS CONTINGENT LIABILITIES CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS COST MINIMIZATION CROWDING OUT CRUDE OIL CRUDE OIL PRICE CRUDE OIL PRICES CYCLE POWER PLANTS DEBT DEMAND ELASTICITY DEMAND FOR ELECTRICITY DEMAND FOR ENERGY DEMAND FORECAST DIESEL DIESEL OIL DISTRIBUTION NETWORK DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRICITY DOMESTIC NATURAL GAS ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIES OF SCALE ELASTICITIES ELECTRIC POWER ELECTRICAL PRODUCTION ELECTRICITY ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION ELECTRICITY DEMAND ELECTRICITY PRICES ELECTRICITY SECTOR ELECTRICITY SUPPLY ELECTRICITY TARIFF ELECTRICITY TARIFFS ELECTRICITY UTILITIES ELECTRIFICATION EMPLOYMENT ENERGY CONSUMPTION ENERGY CONVERSION ENERGY DEMAND ENERGY INPUT ENERGY INTENSIVE ENERGY OUTLOOK ENERGY SECURITY ENERGY SHORTAGES ENERGY STRATEGY ENERGY SYSTEMS ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS ENVIRONMENTAL DISASTER EXCHANGE RATE EXPENDITURES FIXED COSTS FOSSIL FOSSIL FUEL FOSSIL FUEL POWER FOSSIL FUELS FUEL CHAIN FUEL CONSUMPTION FUEL COST FUEL COSTS FUEL EFFICIENCY FUEL FOR POWER GENERATION FUEL HEAT FUEL PRICE FUEL PRICES FUEL PROCUREMENT FUEL SHORTAGE FUEL SUPPLY FUEL SWITCHING FUEL TANKS FUEL USE FUELS GAS CONSUMPTION GAS OIL GAS TURBINE GAS TURBINES GASIFICATION GASIFICATION PROCESSES GENERATION GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT HEAT HEAT RATE HEAVY FUEL OIL HYDROCARBONS HYDROCARBONS SECTOR IMPORTS INCOME INDUSTRIAL SECTOR INSURANCE LIQUEFACTION LNG LOAD FACTOR MIDDLE EAST NATIONAL ENERGY NATURAL GAS NATURAL GAS PIPELINE NEW PLANT NEW PLANTS NORTH AFRICA OIL OIL AND GAS OIL PRICE OIL PRICES OIL STORAGE PEAK DEMAND PEAK TIMES PETROLEUM PETROLEUM CORPORATION PIPE PIPELINE PIPELINE CONSTRUCTION PIPELINE INFRASTRUCTURE PIPELINE INVESTMENT PIPING PLANT EFFICIENCY PLANT PRODUCTION POLLUTION POLLUTION PROBLEMS POWER POWER CONSUMPTION POWER GENERATION POWER GENERATION CAPACITY POWER GRID POWER PLANT POWER PLANT CONSTRUCTION POWER PLANTS POWER PRODUCER POWER PRODUCTION POWER PURCHASE AGREEMENTS POWER SECTOR POWER SECTORS POWER SYSTEM POWER SYSTEMS PRICE CHANGES PRICE ELASTICITY PRICE OF GAS PRICE OF OIL PRIVATE CAPITAL PRIVATE PARTICIPATION PRIVATE SECTOR PRIVATE SECTOR INVOLVEMENT PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION PRODUCTION COSTS PRODUCTION OF ELECTRICITY PUBLIC EXPENDITURES REFINERIES RELIABILITY OF SUPPLY RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS RESIDENTIAL CONSUMERS SAVINGS STEAM COAL STEAM CYCLE STEAM TURBINE SULFUR SULFUR CONTENT SUPPLY OF ELECTRICITY SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TARIFF STRUCTURE THERMAL PLANTS THERMAL POWER THERMAL POWER CAPACITY THERMAL POWER PLANTS TRADEOFFS TRANSIT GAS TRANSMISSION COMPANY TRANSMISSION LINES TRANSPORT COSTS VESSELS VOLTAGE WIND WORLD ENERGY WORLD ENERGY OUTLOOK
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Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | Middle East and North Africa | Lebanon
2012-06-14T14:42:27Z | 2012-06-14T14:42:27Z | 2008-01

The Lebanese electricity sector is at the heart of a deep crisis. The sector is unable to supply the reliable electricity needed by homes, offices and industry. It is a massive drain on government finances, crowding out more valuable expenditures on education, infrastructure, social protection, and health, and putting macroeconomic stability at risk. The sector accumulates huge debt with little to show for it, and those who are least able to provide for themselves suffer the consequences most. The state of the electricity sector symbolizes to the public Lebanon's profound challenges of governance, inclusion and accountability. This report includes detailed calculations on these estimated high costs to the public. This additional spending and revenue loss has an obvious negative impact on these consumer categories, but also makes implementation of other macro-critical, non electricity sector reforms, difficult; as consumers have difficulty absorbing increased overall spending (for example tax increases). As such, this report presents an analysis of possible demand and supply scenarios for the future, and lays out options for the Government to consider in improving service and reducing the overall costs. Each option is presented with a savings potential, and time-line for implementation. Ultimately, however, the Government will have to consider how to sequence the reforms, in particular, the invariable tension between waiting with the much needed tariff level and structure adjustments for an observable improvement in service delivery versus starting the adjustments immediately and working on service improvements in parallel.

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