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Competitiveness Assessment of Tourism in Sierra Leone : A Cluster-Based Approach

ADVENTURE ACTIVITIES ADVENTURE TOURISM ADVISORY SERVICES AIR AIR TRANSPORT AIRLINE COMPANY AIRLINES AIRPORT ARCHAEOLOGY ARCHITECTURE ARTISTS ARTS ATTRACTIONS BASIC BEACHES BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION BOTTLENECKS BUILDING MATERIALS BUS BUSINESS TRAVEL CAPITAL INVESTMENT CARRIERS CERTIFICATION CHURCH COLONIAL LEGACY CONSERVATION AREA CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS CULTURAL CHARMS CULTURAL SHOWS CULTURAL TOURS CURATORS CUSTOMS DEVELOPMENT OF TOURISM DOMESTIC TRAVEL ECONOMIC RECOVERY ECOTOURISM EMERGENCY RESCUE ENABLING ENVIRONMENT ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION ETHNIC CULTURES EXTERNALITIES FERRIES FISHING FOREST RESERVES FORTS FRAGILE ENVIRONMENT GEOGRAPHY GUEST HOUSE HANDICRAFTS HERITAGE HERITAGE TRAILS HIGHWAYS HISTORIC ROLE HOTEL HOTEL OWNERS HOTEL ROOMS HOTELS INCOME TAX INFRASTRUCTURES INTERNATIONAL OPERATORS INTERNATIONAL TOUR OPERATORS INTERNATIONAL TOURISM LAND TRANSPORT LARGE-SCALE TOURISM LEGACIES LEISURE LEISURE ACTIVITIES LEISURE TOURISM LEISURE TOURIST LITERATURE LOCAL CULTURE LOCAL HISTORY LOCAL TOURISM LOCAL TRANSPORTATION LODGING MASS TOURISM MINING MINISTRY OF TOURISM MOBILITY MODES OF TRANSPORT MONUMENTS MUSEUMS NATIONAL TOURIST NATIONAL TOURIST BOARD PERCEPTIONS PERFORMANCES POLICE PROPERTY RIGHTS PROTECTED AREAS RADIO RECONSTRUCTION PROJECTS RELICS RENOVATION RESORT RESORTS RESTAURANTS RESTORATION ROAD ROAD NETWORK ROADS ROUTE SAFETY SCHOOLS SOCIAL CAPITAL SOUVENIRS SPORTS SUSTAINABLE TOURISM SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT TAX TAXI SERVICES TAXIS TELEVISION TOLL TOUR TOUR OPERATIONS TOUR OPERATORS TOURISM TOURISM ASSET TOURISM BOARD TOURISM DEVELOPMENT TOURISM ENTERPRISES TOURISM ENTREPRENEURS TOURISM FIRMS TOURISM INDUSTRY TOURISM PRODUCTS TOURISM RECEIPT TOURISM RECEIPTS TOURISM SECTOR TOURISM SITES TOURISM VALUE CHAIN TOURIST TOURIST ARRIVAL TOURIST ARRIVALS TOURIST ATTRACTION TOURIST ATTRACTIONS TOURIST BOARD TOURIST DESTINATION TOURIST DESTINATIONS TOURIST EXPENDITURE TOURIST FACILITY TOURIST INDUSTRY TOURIST INFORMATION TOURIST ITINERARIES TOURIST SERVICE TOURIST SITE TOURIST SITES TOURIST USE TOURISTS TOURS TRAFFIC TRAFFIC VOLUME TRANSPORT TRANSPORT OPERATORS TRANSPORT SUPPLY TRANSPORTATION TRANSPORTATION COSTS TRAVEL AGENTS TRAVELERS TRAVELS TRIP TRIPS TRUE VISITORS WALKING WORLD HISTORY
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Africa | Africa | West Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | Sierra Leone
2012-03-19T19:13:05Z | 2012-03-19T19:13:05Z | 2009-10-01

Seven years out of brutal conflict, Sierra Leone is now a peaceful and stable country. Yet, its strides toward economic recovery and competitiveness have been modest even in sectors such as tourism, which used to be a major generator of foreign exchange revenues prior to the conflict. This paper presents a cluster-based analysis of the tourism sector in Sierra Leone. The analysis shows that tourism in Sierra Leone draws entirely on basic factor conditions such as natural endowments; high-end lodging, catering, and entertainment services are virtually nonexistent. The cluster mapping exercise reveals that several non-profit organizations are present and active within the Sierra Leone tourism cluster but that the role of commercial enterprises has been somewhat limited. A critical mass of basic service providers has emerged over time, but their functions are often hindered by the absence of a market-based incentive regime and weaknesses in backbone infrastructure services. There is a mismatch of effort by the public and private sectors. An important policy implication arising from the analysis is for Sierra Leone to initiate a joint action among tourism entrepreneurs and policymakers to develop a coherent business strategy toward overcoming the bottlenecks of skill deficiency, policy ineffectiveness, and lack of infrastructure and market access.

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