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Economic & Sector Work :: Other Health Study

Swaziland - HIV Prevention Response and Modes of Transmission Analysis

ACCESS TO TREATMENT ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME ADOLESCENTS ADULT POPULATION ADVOCACY EFFORTS AGED AIDS DEATHS AIDS SPENDING ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION ALCOHOL USE ANAL SEX ANTENATAL CARE ANTENATAL CLINICS BEHAVIOUR CHANGE BEHAVIOURAL CHANGE BEHAVIOURAL FACTORS BIOLOGICAL MEASURES BIOLOGICAL OUTCOMES BLOOD PRODUCTS BLOOD SAFETY BLOOD TRANSFUSION BODY FLUIDS BREASTFEEDING CAPACITY BUILDING CHILD ABUSE CHILD MORTALITY CHILD SURVIVAL COMMERCIAL SEX COMMUNITY ACTION COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT CONDOM CONDOM DISTRIBUTION CONDOM PROMOTION CONDOM USE CONDOMS CONSISTENT CONDOM USE DEATH RATES DIAGNOSIS DISSEMINATION DOMESTIC VIOLENCE DROWNING DRUG INJECTING DRUG TREATMENT EMERGENCY RESPONSE ENZYME IMMUNOASSAY EPIDEMIC EPIDEMICS EPIDEMIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS EPIDEMIOLOGICAL DATA EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SITUATION EPIDEMIOLOGY ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS FAMILIES FAMILY LIFE EDUCATION FAMILY PLANNING FAMILY STRUCTURE FAMILY SUPPORT FATHERS FEMALE FEMALES FERTILITY FIRST SEXUAL EXPERIENCE FOOD SECURITY GENDER GENDER INEQUALITY GENDER POLICY GENDER ROLES GLOBAL AIDS EPIDEMIC GLOBAL HIV/AIDS HEALTH CARE HEALTH CENTRES HEALTH FACILITIES HEALTH SECTOR HEALTH SYSTEM HETEROSEXUAL CONTACT HIV HIV INFECTION HIV INFECTIONS HIV POSITIVE HIV PREVENTION HIV TESTING HIV TRANSMISSION HOSPITALS HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS IMMUNODEFICIENCY INCOME INEQUALITY INFANT INJECTING DRUG USE INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATIONS INTERVENTION INTRAVENOUS DRUG USERS LACK OF AWARENESS LACK OF KNOWLEDGE LAWS LEGAL SUPPORT LIFE EXPECTANCY LOCAL COMMUNITY MALARIA MALE CIRCUMCISION MARITAL STATUS MARRIED COUPLES MARRIED MEN MARRIED WOMEN MASS MEDIA MEDICAL EQUIPMENT MIGRANT MIGRANTS MIGRATION MINISTRY OF EDUCATION MINISTRY OF HEALTH MORTALITY MORTALITY RATES MOTHER MOTHER-TO-CHILD MOTHER-TO-CHILD TRANSMISSION MOTHERS MULTIPLE PARTNERS NATIONAL AIDS NATIONAL LEVEL NATIONAL POLICIES NATIONAL STRATEGIES NEEDLE SHARING NEEDLES NEGATIVE EFFECTS NEW INFECTIONS NUMBER OF PEOPLE OLDER ADULTS OLDER AGE GROUPS OLDER MEN OLDER PARTNERS OLDER PEOPLE OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTION PARENTING PARTNER REDUCTION PATHOGENS PATIENTS PEER EDUCATION POLICY FRAMEWORK POLICY LEVEL POLITICAL LEADERSHIP POPULATION FUND POPULATION GROWTH POPULATION GROWTH RATE POPULATION STRUCTURE POST EXPOSURE PROPHYLAXIS PREGNANT WOMEN PREVALENCE PREVALENCE RATES PREVENTION ACTIVITIES PREVENTION COMPONENTS PREVENTION COUNSELLING PREVENTION EFFORTS PREVENTION INTERVENTIONS PREVENTION STRATEGIES PREVENTIVE ACTIVITIES PROGRESS PROMOTION OF ABSTINENCE PUBLIC LIFE QUALITATIVE INFORMATION QUALITY ASSURANCE REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH RESOURCE ALLOCATION RESOURCE MOBILIZATION RISK FACTORS RISK OF EXPOSURE RISK OF INFECTION RISK POPULATIONS RISK REDUCTION RURAL AREAS SAFER SEX SCHOOL YOUTH SERVICE PROVIDERS SERVICE PROVISION SEX SEX EDUCATION SEX PRACTICES SEX WITH MEN SEX WORK SEX WORKER SEX WORKERS SEXUAL ABUSE SEXUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR SEXUAL BEHAVIOURS SEXUAL INTERCOURSE SEXUAL NETWORKS SEXUAL PARTNER SEXUAL PARTNERS SEXUAL PRACTICES SEXUAL RELATIONSHIPS SEXUAL VIOLENCE SEXUALLY ACTIVE SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTION SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS SOCIAL AFFAIRS SOCIAL FACTORS SOCIAL MARKETING SOCIAL MOBILIZATION SOCIAL NORMS SOCIAL WELFARE SPECIALIST SPOUSE STIS SURVEILLANCE DATA SURVIVAL OF CHILDREN SURVIVAL RATES THERAPY TRADITIONAL HEALERS TRANSMISSION RATES TUBERCULOSIS UNAIDS UNFPA UNIVERSAL ACCESS UNPROTECTED SEX UNSAFE INJECTION URBAN AREAS VICTIMS VOLUNTARY COUNSELLING VULNERABILITY VULNERABLE POPULATIONS WOMAN WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION YOUNG ADULTS YOUNG AGES YOUNG GIRLS YOUNG PEOPLE YOUNG PREGNANT WOMEN
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World Bank
Africa | Southern Africa
2012-03-19T17:23:10Z | 2012-03-19T17:23:10Z | 2009-03-01

The purpose of this modes of transmission (MoT) study is 'to contribute to the ongoing efforts to understand the epidemic and response in Swaziland and thus help the country improve the scope (doing the right kind of activities), relevance (with the right populations), and comprehensiveness (reaching all members of target populations) of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) prevention efforts'. The process for the Know Your Epidemic (KYE) was an in-depth review of available epidemiological data from Swaziland and the sub-region, and application of the UNAIDS incidence estimation model. The aim was to determine the epidemiology of new (incident) infections. For the Know Your Response (KYR) part, data were collected on the policy context for prevention, prevention and prevention activities by implementers, and data from the National AIDS Spending Assessment (NASA) of 2008 were reviewed. In a final step, the KYE and KYR evidence was linked to produce an epidemic, response and policy synthesis with recommendations to improve the HIV prevention response through aligning prevention activities with the evidence on the sources of new infections. The study examined the hypothesis that multiple, concurrent long-term heterosexual relationships, happening in a context of implicitly permissive social norms, gender inequality and economic need, are a key contributor to HIV transmission in Swaziland.

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