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Economic & Sector Work :: Other Poverty Study

Mauritius - Enhancing and Sustaining Competitiveness : Policy Notes on Trade and Labor

ACCESS TO INFORMATION ADVANCED ECONOMIES AGRICULTURE BALANCE OF PAYMENTS BARRIER BENCHMARKING BUDGET PERFORMANCE BUFFER BUSINESS CLIMATE BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES CAPITAL ACCOUNT CAPITAL ACCUMULATION CAPITAL INFLOWS CAPITAL INTENSITY CENTRAL BANK COMMODITY COMMODITY PRICES COMMON MARKET COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY COMPETITIVENESS COMPLIANCE COSTS CONNECTIVITY CONSTANT VALUE CONSUMER PROTECTION CONSUMERS CONSUMPTION GOODS COST STRUCTURE CREDIBILITY CURRENCY CURRENCY APPRECIATION CURRENT ACCOUNT CURRENT ACCOUNT DEFICIT DEBT DEMOGRAPHICS DEVELOPED COUNTRIES DEVELOPING ECONOMIES DEVELOPMENT INVESTMENT DEVELOPMENT POLICY DOMESTIC ECONOMY DOMESTIC MARKET DOMESTIC MARKETS ECONOMIC ACTIVITY ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC LIFE ECONOMIC OUTLOOK ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE ECONOMIC POLICIES ECONOMIES OF SCALE EFFICIENT REGULATION EMERGING ECONOMIES EPZ EQUILIBRIUM EXCHANGE RATE EXCHANGE RATE REGIME EXCHANGE RATES EXPANSIONARY FISCAL POLICY EXPORT GROWTH EXPORT MARKETS EXPORT PROCESSING ZONE EXPORT SECTOR EXPORTER EXPORTERS EXPORTS EXTERNAL FINANCING EXTERNAL SHOCKS FINANCIAL CRISIS FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATION FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT FINANCIAL SERVICES FISCAL CONSOLIDATION FISCAL POLICIES FISCAL POLICY FISH FISHERIES FIXED COSTS FOOD PRICES FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT FOREIGN FIRMS FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS FOREIGN INVESTORS GDP GDP PER CAPITA GLOBAL DEMAND GLOBAL ECONOMY GLOBAL MARKET GLOBAL MARKETS GLOBALIZATION GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROWTH POTENTIAL GROWTH RATE GROWTH RATES HUMAN CAPITAL HUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT IMBALANCES IMPORT IMPORT BARRIERS IMPORTS INCOME INDUSTRIALIZATION INEFFICIENCY INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT INTEREST RATE INTEREST RATES INTERNATIONAL BEST PRACTICE INTERNATIONAL COMPETITION INTERNATIONAL MARKETS INTERNATIONAL TRADE INVESTMENT CLIMATE INVESTOR CONFIDENCE JOB CREATION LABOR FORCE LABOR FORCE GROWTH LABOR MARKET LABOR MARKETS LABOR PRODUCTIVITY LESS DEVELOPED ECONOMY LEVERAGE LOCAL CURRENCY LOW TARIFF MACROECONOMIC POLICIES MACROECONOMIC POLICY MACROECONOMIC STABILITY MARKET ACCESS MARKET ENTRY MARKET LEADER MARKET PERFORMANCE MARKET SHARE MARKET TRENDS MEDIUM TERM EXPENDITURE FRAMEWORK MIDDLE INCOME COUNTRIES MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRY MONETARY POLICY OIL OIL PRICES OPEN ECONOMIES OPEN ECONOMY OUTPUT OUTPUT RATIO OUTSOURCING PENSION POLICY DECISIONS POLICY ENVIRONMENT POLITICAL ECONOMY POPULATION GROWTH PORTFOLIO PORTFOLIO INVESTMENT POVERTY REDUCTION POWER PARITY PREFERENTIAL ACCESS PRIVATE CAPITAL PRIVATE CAPITAL FLOWS PRIVATE INVESTMENT PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT PRODUCERS PRODUCTION COSTS PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH PROFIT MARGINS PROTECTIONISM PUBLIC DEBT PUBLIC PARTICIPATION PUBLIC POLICY PURCHASING POWER PURCHASING POWER PARITY QUOTAS REAL ESTATE REFORM PROGRAM REGIONAL INTEGRATION REGIONAL TRADE REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT REGULATORY FRAMEWORK REGULATORY POLICY REGULATORY REFORM REGULATORY SYSTEM RESOURCE ALLOCATION SKILLED WORKERS SKILLS SHORTAGES SLOWDOWN SMALL ECONOMY SOCIAL COSTS SOCIAL PROTECTION STEADY STATE TARIFF BARRIER TARIFF BARRIERS TAX TAX BREAKS TAX RATE TAX REFORMS TAX SYSTEM TERMS OF TRADE TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY TOXIC MATERIALS TRADE BALANCE TRADE BARRIERS TRADE COMPETITIVENESS TRADE FACILITATION TRADE LIBERALIZATION TRADE POLICIES TRADE POLICY TRADE PROTECTION TRADE REFORMS TRADE STRATEGIES TRANSPARENCY UNCERTAINTIES UNEMPLOYMENT UNEMPLOYMENT RATE UNEMPLOYMENT RATES VALUE ADDED VIRTUOUS CYCLE WEALTH WORLD ECONOMIES WORLD ECONOMY WORLD MARKET WORLD MARKETS WORLD TRADE WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION WTO
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World Bank
Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | East Africa | Mauritius
2012-03-19T10:26:29Z | 2012-03-19T10:26:29Z | 2010-12-03

Mauritius is a well known successful development story. The country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita rose from 38 percent below the world average in 1981 to 16 percent above the average by 2008. Such a performance is not the fruit of luck or use of natural advantages as it was accomplished through man-made efforts and policy actions. The combination of (i) active industrialization policies together with opportunistic use of preferential trade access; and (ii) participatory institutions that assured voice and rent redistribution across the society ensured labor intensive growth and the emergence of a virtuous cycle in development. Mauritius knew what needed to be done. A National Long-Term Perspective Study (NLTPS), also known as Vision 2020, started in 1990 and was completed in 1997. The goal of opening up and diversifying the economy by moving towards high value-added, skill and knowledge intensive service sectors was already well articulated in the study - with explicit reference to the potential of 'computer services' which today is embedded in the Information and Communications Technology (ICT) sector. The global crisis in 2008 was a threatening reminder of vulnerabilities. Mauritius is structurally vulnerable to external shocks. With a small domestic market unable to promote or sustain production growth by itself and a high dependence on raw materials, food and energy imports, the country is necessarily tied to developments in the world economy. An overarching challenge for Mauritius to achieve the envisaged transformation towards a higher value added economy and sustain economic growth is to improve its productivity performance. This report focuses on two key fundamental instruments for that: (i) trade policy and (ii) labor policy.

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