This strategy is a comprehensive overview of the institutional, organizational, and economic aspects of the sector. Based on an analysis of the current situation, this strategy will examine the strengths and weaknesses of the sector and review reform options of reform that address upcoming challenges and provide the highest level of service at the lowest possible cost for urban and rural beneficiaries, while guaranteeing the widest and most sustainable service coverage. The Tunisian economy's strong growth during the past four decades, at over 5 percent per annum, enabled the government to mobilize substantial internal and external resources to finance sector investments. The increase in public revenue parallel to this growth was also instrumental in ensuring sustainable project funding. Moreover, this economic growth greatly stimulated household incomes, thus access to water supply and sanitation services. The objective of these studies and other related projects is to mobilize the potential in variable surface water as well as in fragile groundwater resources, in order to satisfy fast-growing water needs while limiting the negative effect of pollution, and ensuring water resources sustainability. The studies and programs were carried out within the framework of a larger regional master plan (for the North, Central, and South regions), mobilizing the various hydraulic systems in order to satisfy the need for drinking water in major urban and rural areas, as per the water code, as well as the tourist, agricultural, and industrial sectors.