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Economic & Sector Work :: Foreign Trade, FDI, and Capital Flows Study

Improving Export Incentives and the Free Zone System in Syria

ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES ADVERSE IMPACT AIRPORT AUDITS BENEFICIARY BOND BONDED WAREHOUSES CARS COMPETITIVENESS INDEX CREDIBILITY CUSTOMS CUSTOMS ADMINISTRATION CUSTOMS AUTHORITIES CUSTOMS DUTIES CUSTOMS PROCEDURES CUSTOMS TERRITORY DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS DOMESTIC MARKET DRINKING WATER ENVIRONMENTAL EXCISE TAXES EXPORT COMPETITIVENESS EXPORT DIVERSIFICATION EXPORT GROWTH EXPORT INCENTIVE EXPORT INCENTIVES EXPORT MARKET EXPORT PROCEDURES EXPORT PROCESSING EXPORT PROCESSING ZONE EXPORT PROCESSING ZONES EXPORT PROMOTION EXPORT SALES EXPORT SECTOR EXPORTERS EXPORTS FINANCIAL INCENTIVES FINANCIAL MARKET FISCAL BURDEN FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT FOREIGN EXCHANGE FOREIGN MARKETS FRAUD FRAUDULENT TRANSACTIONS FREE IMPORTATION FREE IMPORTS FREE PORTS FREE TRADE FREE TRADE ZONES FREE ZONE FREE ZONES GLOBAL ECONOMY GLOBAL TRADE HOST COUNTRIES HOST COUNTRY IMPORT COMPETITION IMPORT DUTIES IMPORT DUTY IMPORT REGIME IMPORTS INCOME TAX INDUSTRIALIZATION INSTRUMENT INTERMEDIATE INPUTS INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT INTERNATIONAL MARKETS INVESTMENT CLIMATE ISSUANCE LABOR FORCE LABOR MARKET LABOR STANDARDS LACK OF TRANSPARENCY LEVIES LIABILITY LOCAL ECONOMY LOCAL MARKET MARKET EFFICIENCY MARKET SIZE MOST FAVORED NATION NATIONAL ECONOMY NON-TARIFF BARRIERS OIL OIL SECTOR PHYSICAL SECURITY POLICY ENVIRONMENT POST OFFICES PREFERENTIAL TREATMENT QUALITY OF TRANSPORT QUALITY OF TRANSPORT SERVICES RAILROADS REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS RISK MANAGEMENT ROAD ROADS STREETS TAX TAX EXEMPTION TAX EXEMPTIONS TAX POLICIES TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TRADE FACILITATION TRADE LOGISTICS TRADE POLICY TRADE POLICY REFORM TRADE REFORMS TRADE REGIME TRADE ROUTES TRANSACTION TRANSACTION COSTS TRANSIT TRANSIT TRADE TRANSITION COUNTRIES TRANSPARENCY TRANSPORTATION TRANSPORTATION NETWORKS TRIPS VALUE ADDED WAREHOUSE WORLD TRADE WTO
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | Syrian Arab Republic
2013-02-27T23:26:47Z | 2013-02-27T23:26:47Z | 2010-06

This paper aims to review the export incentives currently implemented in Syria including the free zone system, identify the main weaknesses, and suggest measures to strengthen them. In particular, drawing on the best practices around the world, it explores ways to introduce a duty and tax relief scheme, manufacturing under bond arrangements, and an export processing zone system in Syria's trade regime, and to re-orient the free zones to maximize their contribution to the Syrian economy. The rest of the paper is organized as follows: section two makes a case for development of an effective export incentive system to eliminate the anti-export bias in Syria's trade regime and foster its international competitiveness. Section three provides a summary of the main instruments of export incentives that are widely used worldwide and will be appropriate for Syria to implement. Section four reviews the export incentives currently implemented and identify its weaknesses. Based on the discussions in sections three and four, section five suggests options for Syria to strengthen its export incentive policies. The final section presents the main conclusions and proposes steps for moving forward.

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