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Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review

Republic of Lebanon - Water sector : public expenditure review

ABSORPTIVE CAPACITY ADEQUATE WATER AGRICULTURE PRODUCTION ARTESIAN WELLS AVAILABLE WATER BILL COLLECTION BROAD RANGE CASH FLOW CENTRAL GOVERNMENT CENTRAL GOVERNMENTS CIVIL SOCIETY COASTAL AREAS COLLECTION EFFICIENCY CONSTRUCTION COST RECOVERY CROSS-SUBSIDIES DAILY WATER CONSUMPTION DELIVERY OF WATER SUPPLY DEMAND FOR WATER DEMAND MANAGEMENT DOMESTIC WATER DOMESTIC WATER DEMAND ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION FARMERS FIXED FEE GOVERNANCE INDICATORS GROUNDWATER GROUNDWATER ABSTRACTION GROUNDWATER QUALITY HIGH WATER HOUSEHOLD CONNECTION HOUSEHOLDS INDUSTRIAL DISCHARGES INDUSTRIAL WATER INDUSTRIAL WATER DEMAND INDUSTRIAL WATER USE INVESTMENT PLANNING INVESTMENT PROGRAM IRRIGATION IRRIGATION BOARDS IRRIGATION SCHEME IRRIGATION WATER LEAKAGE LOCAL WATER LOW-INCOME HOUSEHOLDS MAINTENANCE COSTS MANAGEMENT OF WATER METERING MUNICIPALITIES NATIONAL WATER COUNCIL NUMBER OF CONNECTIONS OPERATIONAL COSTS OPERATIONAL EFFICIENCY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS PERMITS POLLUTION POLLUTION CONTROL POPULATION GROWTH POPULATION GROWTH RATE POTABLE WATER POTABLE WATER QUALITY POTABLE WATER SUPPLY POTABLE WATER SYSTEM PRIVATE OPERATOR PRIVATE OPERATORS PRIVATE SECTOR OPERATORS PRIVATE WATER PROVIDERS PRIVATE WATER SUPPLY PROGRAMS PROVISION OF WATER PROVISION OF WATER SUPPLY PUBLIC WATER PUBLIC WATER SUPPLY PUMPING PUMPING STATIONS QUALITY OF SERVICE QUALITY OF WATER RAIN RAINFALL REGIONAL WATER AUTHORITIES RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES RESIDENTIAL CUSTOMERS RESIDENTIAL HOUSEHOLDS RIVER BASIN RIVERS RUNOFF SANITATION SANITATION SECTOR SANITATION SERVICES SEA SERVICE AREA SERVICE CONTRACTS SERVICE DELIVERY SERVICE DELIVERY PERFORMANCE SERVICE PROVIDERS SERVICE QUALITY SMALL CITIES SOLID WASTE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT SOURCES OF WATER STORAGE CAPACITY TARIFF STRUCTURE TRANSPARENCY TREATMENT PLANTS URBAN AREA URBAN AREAS URBAN CENTER URBAN CENTERS URBAN COMMUNITY URBAN WATER URBAN WATER SUPPLY UTILITIES UTILITY MANAGEMENT VALUABLE INFORMATION WASTE WATER WASTE WATER TREATMENT WASTEWATER WASTEWATER COLLECTION WASTEWATER SECTOR WASTEWATER SERVICES WASTEWATER TREATMENT WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITIES WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT WATER AUTHORITY WATER BOARDS WATER CODE WATER DEMAND WATER DISTRIBUTION WATER LOSS WATER LOSSES WATER MANAGEMENT WATER MARKET WATER METERING WATER NEEDS WATER NETWORKS WATER POLLUTION WATER POLLUTION CONTROL WATER PRODUCTION WATER RATIONING WATER RESOURCE WATER RESOURCE MANAGEMENT WATER RESOURCES WATER RIGHTS WATER SECTOR WATER SERVICE WATER SERVICE DELIVERY WATER SERVICE PROVISION WATER SERVICES WATER SHORTAGES WATER SOURCE WATER STORAGE WATER SUPPLY WATER SUPPLY INDUSTRY WATER SUPPLY PROJECTS WATER TARIFFS WATER USE WATER USER WELL DRILLING WELLS
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World Bank
Middle East and North Africa | Lebanon
2012-03-19T10:23:31Z | 2012-03-19T10:23:31Z | 2010-05-17

The state of the water supply and sanitation (WSS) sector in Lebanon is not in line with the level of economic development reached by the country. Despite the relatively high coverage rate in the water sector (78 percent), continuity of supply is extremely low. The Beirut Mount Lebanon (BML) region, which accounts for 60 percent of total connected households, receives only three hours of daily water supply during the summer season. The development of the wastewater sector is still at an embryonic stage. There are a few waste water treatment plants in operation, all of which are small. Water storage capacity is inadequate to meet irrigation water demand, and is far below the level of other MENA countries. The present public expenditure aims at examining efficiency and effectiveness in the allocation of resources in the water sector. In conducting the research and analysis, the team observed a contrasted reality in which a multitude of issues afflicting the sector emerged. Alongside the public expenditure analysis, the study presents an in-depth diagnosis of the water sector in Lebanon and the issues it is facing. The analysis focuses primarily on water supply, encompassing to a lesser extent sanitation and irrigation, due to the scarcer information available on the latter two sub-sectors. The public expenditure review addresses the following main questions: what progress has Lebanon made in reforming the water sector? What are the main weaknesses still characterizing its current institutional setting? Is the water sector performance in line with the level of economic development in the country? What are the key issues faced by consumers in the water sector? Has public expenditure been adequate to meet the development needs of the sector? What is the level of efficiency of public investment? What are the key sources of hidden costs in the water sector? What are the main accountability weaknesses which should be overcome to improve efficiency in the delivery of water supply and sanitation services in Lebanon? What policy actions are needed to improve sector performance and meet the development needs of the sector?

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