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Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note

Zimbabwe Public Expenditure Notes : Financial and Regulatory Challenges in Infrastructure Parastatals and Sectors

ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY ACCIDENTS ACCOUNT RECEIVABLES ACCOUNTING ACTION PLAN ARBITRATION ARREARS AVAILABILITY BACKBONE BALANCE BEST PRACTICES BONDS BOTTLENECKS BUDGET SURPLUS BUDGETING BUSINESSES CAPITAL MARKETS CARBON TAX CASH FLOW CELL PHONE CELLULAR NETWORK CELLULAR PHONE CENTRAL BANK COAL COAL COMPANY COAL PRICE COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES COMMODITIES COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES COMPETITIVE PRICES CONGESTION CONGESTION MANAGEMENT CONTRACT RENEGOTIATION CREDITOR CREDITORS CURRENCY CUSTOMER BASE DEBT DEBTOR DEBTORS DECENTRALIZATION DEFICITS DEMAND MANAGEMENT DEREGULATION DEVELOPING COUNTRY DIESEL DISCRIMINATORY ACCESS DISTRIBUTION FACILITIES DISTRIBUTION LOSSES DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRICITY DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM DOMESTIC BANKS DOMESTIC COAL DOMESTIC CURRENCY DOMESTIC MARKET ECONOMIC CLIMATE ECONOMIC RECOVERY ELASTICITY ELASTICITY OF DEMAND ELECTRICITY ELECTRICITY SUPPLY ELECTRICITY SYSTEM ELECTRICITY TARIFFS EMERGING MARKETS ENABLING ENVIRONMENT END-USERS ENERGY PRODUCTS EQUIPMENT EXPENDITURES EXTERNAL DEBT EXTERNALITIES FAIR PRICES FINANCES FINANCIAL INFORMATION FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE FINANCIAL RESOURCES FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FLOATING DEBT FOREIGN DEBT FOREIGN EXCHANGE FREIGHT FUEL FUEL PRICE FUEL PRICES FUELS GASOLINE GENERATION GENERATION CAPACITY GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY GOVERNMENT GRANTS HEAVY TRUCKS HEAVY VEHICLE HIGHWAY HOLDINGS HYDRO PLANT ICT IMPORT COST INFLATION INFORMATION COMMUNICATION INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY INSTRUMENT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS INTERNATIONAL TRANSIT INVESTING INVESTMENT CLIMATE ISSUANCE ISSUANCE OF BONDS LEGAL FRAMEWORK LEGAL PROVISIONS LEVEL OF DEBTS LEVEL OF SAFETY LEVEL PLAYING FIELD LEVIES LEVY LICENSE LICENSES LIMITED ACCESS LIQUIDITY LIQUIDITY PROBLEM LOAN LOCAL GOVERNMENT LOCAL GOVERNMENTS MACROECONOMIC CONDITIONS MACROECONOMIC CRISIS MARKET PARTICIPANTS MARKET PRICES MARKET SHARE MARKET STRUCTURES MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT MOBILE PHONE MOBILE TELEPHONY MOTOR TRANSPORTATION NATIONAL TRANSPORT NETWORKS OIL OIL COMPANY OPERATING EXPENSES OPPORTUNITY COST OPPORTUNITY COSTS PASSENGERS PETROLEUM PETROLEUM PRODUCTS PETROLEUM SECTOR PHYSICAL ASSETS PIPELINE POLLUTION POSITIVE EXTERNALITIES POWER POWER COMPANY POWER GENERATION POWER PLANT PREPAYMENT PRICE OF FUELS PRIVATE INVESTMENT PRIVATE PARTIES PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS PRIVATE SECTOR PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION PROCUREMENT PROTOCOLS PROVISIONS PSP PUBLIC PUBLIC DEBT PUBLIC ENTERPRISES PUBLIC EXPENDITURE PUBLIC FINANCE PUBLIC FINANCE MANAGEMENT PUBLIC SECTOR PUBLIC SERVICE PUBLIC SERVICE OBLIGATION PUBLIC TRANSPORT QUALITY OF SERVICE RADIO RADIO SPECTRUM RAIL RAIL INFRASTRUCTURE RAIL SERVICE RAILWAY RAILWAY SYSTEM RAILWAYS RATES OF RETURN RAW WATER REGULATORY AUTHORITIES REGULATORY AUTHORITY REGULATORY FRAMEWORK REGULATORY STANDARDS REMITTANCES REPAYMENT RESERVE RESERVE BANK RESERVES RESULT RETURN ROAD ROAD CHARGES ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE ROAD MAINTENANCE ROAD NETWORK ROAD SECTOR ROAD TOLLS ROAD TRANSPORT ROAD USER ROAD USER CHARGE ROAD USER CHARGES ROADS ROUTES RURAL ELECTRIC RURAL ELECTRIFICATION SAFETY SANITATION SAVINGS SERVICE TO CUSTOMERS STOCK EXCHANGE STOCKS SULPHUR CONTENT SUPPLY OF ELECTRICITY TARIFF LEVELS TARIFF STRUCTURE TELECOM TELECOMMUNICATION TELECOMMUNICATIONS TELEPHONE TELEPHONE LINES THERMAL PLANT THERMAL PLANTS TOLL TRANSIT TRANSMISSION TRANSPORT CAPACITY TRANSPORT OF GOODS TRANSPORT POLICY TRANSPORTATION TRIP TRUCKS TRUST FUND TURNOVER UNIVERSAL SERVICE URBAN ROADS USERS UTILITIES VEHICLE VEHICLE REGISTRATION VEHICLES VIDEO WHOLESALE PRICE WITHDRAWAL WORKING CAPITAL
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Washington, DC
Africa | Zimbabwe
2014-06-05T19:38:05Z | 2014-06-05T19:38:05Z | 2010-08-11

The Government of Zimbabwe (GOZ) faces difficult choices in managing the size of its civil service wage bill. The Government understands the need to watch the escalating wage bill carefully and put in place a strategy to steer it to a sustainable level as early as possible. Historical and international comparisons suggest that an overall wage bill of around 10 percent of GDP should be the medium-term target. This note illustrates that Zimbabwe could take immediate steps in 2010 and 2011 that will put it on the path of a sustainable level of wage bill in the medium-term. The focus of efforts to contain the wage bill should be on short-term measures because designing and implementing a medium-term approach to wage bill management would be too challenging in view of prevailing economic uncertainty and complex political reality. The note covers the staff employed by the Central Government, including uniformed services and staff employed by the Grant-in-Aided (GIA) institutions. The staff employed by local governments and public enterprises are excluded because direct transfers from the central budget to local government and public enterprises are rather small. (annex A has an outline of the institutional aspects of civil service in Zimbabwe). Given the paucity of information, the note does not make any recommendations specific to the GIA wage bill.

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