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Economic & Sector Work :: Other Environmental Study

Economics of Adaptation to Climate Change: Ethiopia, Volume 2. Annexes

ACTUAL EVAPOTRANSPIRATION ANNUAL PRECIPITATION ANNUAL RUNOFF AQUIFERS ARID REGIONS ATMOSPHERE AVAILABLE WATER BASIN POPULATION BASINS BIOLOGICAL PROCESSES BROAD RANGE CALCULATION CALIBRATION CATCHMENT CATCHMENT AREA CHEMICAL PROCESSES CHEMICALS CLAY CLIMATE CLIMATE CHANGE CLIMATE CHANGES CLIMATE EFFECTS CLIMATE VARIABILITY CLIMATIC REGIONS CO CO2 COLORS CONDUCTIVITY CONJUNCTIVE USE CONSTRUCTION COVERING CREEKS CROP PRODUCTION CROP YIELDS DAILY PRECIPITATION DAMS DEEP PERCOLATION DEMAND ESTIMATES DEMAND FOR WATER DESALINATION DESALINATION PLANTS DIESEL DIRECT RUNOFF DISCHARGE DISTRIBUTION OF WATER DOWNSTREAM COUNTRIES DOWNSTREAM FLOWS DRAINAGE DROUGHT DROUGHT SEVERITY ECOSYSTEM ELECTRICITY ENERGY PRODUCTION ENGINEERING ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY EVAPORATION EVAPORATION REDUCTION EVAPOTRANSPIRATION EXPORT FARMERS FERTILIZATION FIELD CAPACITY FOOD SECURITY FRESHWATER FRESHWATER MANAGEMENT GCM GRAVITY GROUNDWATER GROUNDWATER PUMPING GROUNDWATER RECHARGE GROUNDWATER RESOURCES GROUNDWATER STORAGE HC HYDROLOGIC MODELS HYDROLOGY HYDROPOWER CAPACITY HYDROPOWER PROJECT IMPORTS IRRIGATION LAKES LAND USE MANAGING WATER RESOURCES MOISTURE CONTENT ORGANIC MATTER OXYGEN PALMER DROUGHT SEVERITY INDEX PE PERCOLATION PET POLLUTION PONDING PRECIPITATION PRECIPITATION AMOUNT PROGRAMS PUMPING RAIN RAIN GAUGE RAIN GAUGE DATA RAINFALL RELATIVE HUMIDITY RESERVOIRS RESOURCE CONSERVATION RIVER BASIN RIVERS ROOT ZONE RUNOFF SAND SNOW SNOWMELT SOIL MOISTURE SOIL PROFILE SPRING STORAGE CAPACITY STREAMFLOW SURFACE WATER SUSTAINABLE WATER USE TEMPERATURE TEMPERATURE CHANGE TROPICS WASTEWATER WASTEWATER TREATMENT WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITIES WATER ALLOCATION WATER CONSERVATION WATER CONTENT WATER DEMAND WATER DEVELOPMENT WATER FLOWS WATER INTAKE WATER LOSSES WATER MANAGEMENT WATER QUALITY WATER RECYCLING WATER RESOURCE WATER RESOURCES WATER RESOURCES PLANNING WATER RIGHTS WATER SECTOR WATER SECTOR DEVELOPMENT WATER STORAGE WATER SUPPLY WATER SUPPLY PROJECTS WATER SYSTEMS WATER TABLE WATER TRANSFERS WATER TRANSPORT WATER USE WATER USE PATTERNS WATER WITHDRAWALS WATERSHED WEATHER CHANGES WIND
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Washington, DC
Africa | Ethiopia
2013-04-18T21:25:31Z | 2013-04-18T21:25:31Z | 2010

The report is part of a broader study, the Economics of Adaptation to Climate Change (EACC), which has two objectives: (a) to develop a global estimate of adaptation costs for informing international climate negotiations; and (b) to help decision makers in developing countries assess the risks posed by climate change and design national strategies for adapting to it. This paper is one of a series of country-level studies, where national data were disaggregated to more local and sector levels, helping to understand adaptation from a bottom-up perspective. Ethiopia is heavily dependent on rainfed agriculture. Its geographical location and topography in combination with low adaptive capacity entail a high vulnerability to the impacts of climate change. Historically the country has been prone to extreme weather variability. Rainfall is highly erratic, most rain falls with high intensity, and there is a high degree of variability in both time and space. Since the early 1980s, the country has suffered seven major droughts five of which have led to famines in addition to dozens of local droughts. Major floods also occurred in different parts of the country in 1988, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, and 2006. Climate projections obtained from the GCMs referred to above suggest an increase in rainfall variability with a rising frequency of both severe flooding and droughts due to global warming.

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