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Working Paper

Benin's Infrastructure : A Continental Perspective

ACCESS TO SAFE WATER ACCESSIBILITY ACCOUNTING ADJUSTMENT OF TARIFFS AIR AIR TRAFFIC AIR TRANSPORT AIRCRAFT AIRLINE COMPANIES AIRPORT INFRASTRUCTURE AIRPORTS AIRWAYS ARTERIES ASSET MAINTENANCE AVAILABILITY OF DATA AVERAGE DAILY TRAFFIC BACKBONE BACKBONES BANDWIDTH BANKS BROADBAND CONNECTION BROADBAND MARKET BUDGET ALLOCATIONS BUDGET EXECUTION BUDGET PERFORMANCE BUSINESS ACTIVITY BUSINESSES CABLE CAPITAL COSTS CAPITAL EXPENDITURE CAPITAL EXPENDITURES CAPITAL INVESTMENT CAPITALS CARGO CARGO HANDLING CARGO HANDLING CHARGE CARRIERS COMMODITY COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY COMPETITIVE MARKETS COMPETITIVE SERVICES COMPETITIVENESS CONCESSION CONCESSIONS CONGESTION CONNECTIVITY CONTAINER TERMINAL CONTAINER TRAFFIC COPYRIGHT COST OF TRANSPORT COST RECOVERY COSTS OF POWER COUNTRY COMPARISONS CROSSING CUSTOMS CUSTOMS CLEARANCE DEFICITS DEPOSITS DIESEL DISCOUNT RATE DISTRIBUTION LOSSES DRIVING E-MAIL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH ELECTRICITY ELECTRICITY SUPPLY ENTERPRISE SURVEYS EQUIPMENT FINANCIAL BURDEN FINANCIAL DATA FINANCIAL FLOWS FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE FIXED WIRELESS FLEETS FREIGHT FREIGHT FORWARDERS FREIGHT TRAFFIC FUEL FUELS GASOLINE GASOLINE PRICE GENERATION GENERATION CAPACITY GENERATORS GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROWTH IN TRAFFIC HEAVY TRUCK TRAFFIC HIGHWAYS ICT IMPROVEMENTS IN ACCESS INCUMBENT OPERATOR INEFFICIENT ALLOCATION OF RESOURCES INFLATION INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY INFRASTRUCTURE ASSETS INFRASTRUCTURE SERVICES INFRASTRUCTURE SPENDING INLAND TRANSPORT INNOVATION INSPECTIONS INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT INTERNATIONAL MARKETS INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL INVESTMENT COSTS INVESTMENT TARGETS ISPS LABOR COSTS LANDLORD MODEL LEVEL OF COMPETITION LICENSES LOCOMOTIVE LRMC MAINTENANCE COSTS MARKET ACCESS MARKET CONCENTRATION MARKET SHARE MATERIAL MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT MOBILE TELEPHONE NATIONAL BUDGET NATURAL RESOURCES NETWORKS O&M OPERATING COSTS OPERATIONAL EFFICIENCY OWNERSHIP OF INFRASTRUCTURE OWNERSHIP OF SUPERSTRUCTURE PASSENGER TRAFFIC PEAK HOURS PHONE CONNECTIONS PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PIXEL POPULATION DENSITY POPULATION GROWTH PORT AUTHORITY PORT CHARGES PORT USERS PORT WORKERS POWER POWER DISTRIBUTION POWER SECTOR PRIVATE CAPITAL PRIVATE INVESTMENT PRIVATE SECTOR PRODUCTIVITY PUBLIC PUBLIC EXPENDITURE PUBLIC FUNDING PUBLIC GOODS PUBLIC PRIVATE INFRASTRUCTURE PUBLIC UTILITY PUBLIC WORKS QUERIES RAIL RAIL SECTOR RAIL SERVICE RAIL SYSTEM RAILROADS RAILWAY RAILWAY LINE RAILWAYS REGIONAL NETWORKS RELIABILITY RESULT RESULTS REVENUE COLLECTION ROAD ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE ROAD INVESTMENT ROAD MAINTENANCE ROAD NETWORK ROAD SECTOR ROAD TRAFFIC ROAD USER ROAD USER CHARGES ROADS ROUTE ROUTES RUNWAY RURAL ACCESS RURAL ROADS SAFETY SANITATION SANITATION SECTOR SANITATION SERVICES SANITATION UTILITIES SAVINGS SEAT CAPACITY SECURITY STANDARDS SERVICE LEVELS STREETS SUBSIDIARY SURCHARGES SURFACE TRANSPORT SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT TAX TAXATION TECHNICAL SUPPORT TELECOM TELECOMMUNICATION TELECOMMUNICATIONS TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICES TELEPHONE TELEPHONE SERVICE TERMINAL OPERATORS THERMAL POWER PLANT TOLL TRAFFIC TRAFFIC FLOW TRAFFIC LEVELS TRANSFER OF OWNERSHIP TRANSIT TRANSIT CORRIDORS TRANSMISSION TRANSPORT TRANSPORT CORRIDORS TRANSPORT COSTS TRANSPORT INDICATORS TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSPORT MARKET TRANSPORT POLICY TRANSPORT QUALITY TRANSPORT SECTOR TRANSPORTATION TRANSPORTS TRAVEL TIMES TREASURY TRUCKS TURNAROUND TIME URBAN ROAD URBAN ROADS URBANIZATION VEHICLES WATER CONSUMPTION WATER SERVICES WATER SUPPLY WATER USE WATER UTILITIES WEB WEB SITE
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Benin
2017-06-21T21:11:27Z | 2017-06-21T21:11:27Z | 2011-06

Between 2000 and 2005 infrastructure made an important contribution of 1.6 percentage point to Benin's improved per capita growth performance, which was the highest among West African countries during the period. Raising the country's infrastructure endowment to that of the region's middle-income countries could boost annual growth by about 3.2 percentage points. Benin has made significant progress in some areas of its infrastructure. The rural road network is in relatively good condition, and about 30 percent of the rural population has access to an all-season road, a level above the country's peers. Air transport connectivity has improved. Also, important market liberalization reforms designed to attract private capital to the water and information and communications technology (ICT) sectors have boosted performance. In particular, increased competition in the ICT market has contributed to the rapid expansion of mobile and Internet services. Addressing Benin's infrastructure challenges will require sustained expenditures of $712 million per year over the next decade, with heavy emphasis on capital expenditure. Almost half of the total relates to the transport sector. At 16.6 percent of Benin's 2005 gross domestic product (GDP), this effort is almost at the level of other Sub-Saharan African countries. Benin already spends around $452 million per year on infrastructure, equivalent to about 10.5 percent of its GDP. Almost $101 million a year is lost to inefficiencies of various kinds, associated mainly with under pricing in the power and water sectors; poor financial management of utilities; and inefficient allocation of resources across sectors. If Benin could raise tariffs to cost-recovery levels, and reduce operational inefficiencies in line with reasonable developing-country benchmarks, it could substantially boost flows to the infrastructure sectors. Comparing spending needs with existing spending and potential efficiency gains (and assuming that the inefficiencies are fully captured) leaves an annual funding gap of $210 million per year. By far the largest share of the gap can be traced to the water supply and sanitation sectors. Benin has the potential to close this gap by adopting alternative technologies in water supply, transport and power. Savings from alternative technologies could amount to as much as $227 million per year.

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