The main objective of the Senegal Country Environmental Analysis (CEA) is to reinforce the ongoing dialogue on environmental issues between the World Bank and the Government of Senegal. The CEA also aims to support the ongoing Government implementation of a strategic results-based planning process at the Environment Ministry (MEPNBRLA). The main goal is to enable Senegal to have the necessary tools to attain the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and manage its natural resources and environment in a sustainable manner that contributes sharing wealth and reducing poverty. The CEA presents a review of national environmental priorities and the institutional framework for managing these priorities. The CEA also proposes recommendations about reforms that could be implemented with the support of international development partners. This final CEA report includes three sections to encourage discussion on the observations made from the analysis and the suggested recommendations: a) section one summarizes the main environmental issues identified in the CEA (institutional framework for environmental management, sustainable management of terrestrial ecosystems, management of water resources, management of fisheries, and urban environmental management in Dakar. Other environmental issues are also tackled in this section, urban environmental management in regions, waste management, management of coastal zones, and management of retention basins and artificial lakes; b) section two analyzes each of the issues and singles out specific observations and recommendations about institutional and legal reforms and ways to improve management; and c) section three summarizes the operational recommendations drawn from the previous section according to the main environmental issues identified in the CEA framework.