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Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper

Liberia's Infrastructure : A Continental Perspective

ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY ACCESS TO SERVICES ACCESSIBILITY ADSL AIR AIR SAFETY AIR TRAFFIC AIR TRANSPORT AIRCRAFT AIRWAYS APPROACH ARTERY AVAILABILITY BACK-UP BACKBONE BACKBONES BALANCE BANDWIDTH BARRIERS TO ENTRY BEST PRACTICE BIOMASS BIOMASS GENERATION BOTTLENECKS BRIDGE BROADBAND BUDGET EXECUTION CABLE CAPITAL COSTS CAPITAL EXPENDITURE CARGO CARGO HANDLING CARGO HANDLING CHARGE CARGO HANDLING OPERATIONS COMMODITY COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY CONCESSION CONCESSION ARRANGEMENTS CONCESSIONAIRES CONCESSIONS CONNECTIVITY COST RECOVERY COSTS OF POWER CUSTOMS DEFICITS DEMAND FOR ELECTRICITY DEMAND FOR POWER DIESEL DISTRIBUTION ASSETS DISTRIBUTION LOSSES DISTRIBUTION NETWORK ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES ECONOMIC ACTIVITY ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIES OF SCALE ELECTRIFICATION EMPLOYMENT END-USER ENERGY INFRASTRUCTURE ENTERPRISE SURVEYS FINANCIAL BURDEN FINANCIAL FLOWS FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT FOREIGN INVESTMENT FUEL FUEL OIL GAS GENERATION GENERATION CAPACITY GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY GENERATORS GLOBAL STANDARDS GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROWTH RATES GROWTH STRATEGY HEAVY FUEL OIL HOUSEHOLD ACCESS HOUSEHOLD BUDGETS HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION HYDROPOWER INFRASTRUCTURE ACCESS INFRASTRUCTURE ASSETS INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT INFRASTRUCTURE FUNDING INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENTS INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS INFRASTRUCTURE SERVICES INFRASTRUCTURE SPENDING INNOVATIONS INSTALLATION INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY INTERNATIONAL COMPARISONS INVESTMENT TARGETS ISPS KILOWATT-HOUR KILOWATT-HOURS LANDLORD PORTS LEVIES MAINTENANCE EXPENDITURES MARKET CONCENTRATION MARKET SHARE MATERIAL MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT MOBILE PHONE MOBILE TELEPHONE MULTINATIONAL COMPANIES MUNICIPALITIES NATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE NATIONAL TRANSPORT NATURAL RESOURCE NATURAL RESOURCES NETWORK TRAFFIC O&M OPEN ACCESS OPERATIONAL EFFICIENCIES OPERATIONAL EFFICIENCY PENETRATION RATES PERFORMANCE INDICATORS POPULATION DENSITY PORT ACCESS PORT AUTHORITY PORT CHARGES PORTS POST-CONFLICT POWER POWER CONSUMPTION POWER COSTS POWER DEMAND POWER GENERATING CAPACITY POWER GENERATION POWER GENERATION CAPACITY POWER GRID POWER SECTOR POWER SECTOR DEVELOPMENT POWER TRADE PRICE OF POWER PRICE OF WATER PRIVATE INVESTMENT PRIVATE SECTOR PRODUCTIVITY PUBLIC PUBLIC EXPENDITURE PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE PUBLIC INVESTMENT PUBLIC NETWORKS PUBLIC PRIVATE INFRASTRUCTURE PUBLIC SECTOR PUBLIC SECTOR INFORMATION PUBLIC WORKS RADIO RAIL RAIL SERVICE RAILWAY RAILWAY LINE RAILWAYS REGIONAL NETWORK REGIONAL NETWORKS REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT RESULT RESULTS REVENUE COLLECTION ROAD ROAD MAINTENANCE ROAD NETWORK ROAD SECTOR ROAD TRAFFIC ROAD USER ROAD USER CHARGES ROAD USER CHARGING ROADS ROUTE ROUTES RURAL ACCESS RURAL ROADS SANITATION SANITATION INFRASTRUCTURE SANITATION SECTOR SANITATION UTILITIES SAVINGS SEAT CAPACITY SERVICE PROVIDERS SITES SURFACE ACCESS TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS TELECOM TELECOMMUNICATIONS TELECOMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM TELEPHONE NETWORK TELEPHONE PENETRATION TRAFFIC TRAFFIC FLOW TRAFFIC FLOWS TRAFFIC GROWTH TRAFFIC LEVELS TRAFFIC VOLUMES TRANSMISSION TRANSMISSION GRID TRANSMISSION LINE TRANSPORT TRANSPORT INDICATORS TRANSPORT INDUSTRY TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSPORT INVESTMENTS TRANSPORT MARKET TRANSPORT NETWORK TRANSPORT POLICY TRANSPORT SECTOR TRANSPORT STRATEGY TRUCK PROCESSING TRUE TURNAROUND TIME UNIVERSAL ACCESS URBAN GROWTH URBAN ROAD URBAN ROADS URBAN TRANSPORT USERS UTILITIES UTILITY BILL UTILITY BILLS VEHICLES VSAT WATER CONSUMPTION WATER SERVICE WATER SERVICES WATER TARIFFS WATER UTILITIES WEB WEB SITE WIRELESS TECHNOLOGY
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Africa | West Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | Liberia
2012-03-19T18:01:03Z | 2012-03-19T18:01:03Z | 2011-03-01

Liberia's power generating capacity and national grid were completely demolished during 14 years of civil war. Piped water access fell from 15 percent of the population in 1986 to less than 3 percent in 2008. War also left the national road network in a state of severe disrepair. Since the return of peace, the port of Monrovia has resumed normal operations under private management, and progress has been made in securing donor finance for road reconstruction. Liberia has also successfully liberalized its mobile telephone markets, with low-priced access surging to 40 percent in 2009. Liberia's starkest challenge lies in funding a more cost-effective power sector. The country's generation capacity is barely one-tenth of the benchmark level of Africa's other low-income countries. The cost of generating power is exorbitant, and the power tariff is three times the regional average. Addressing Liberia's public infrastructure needs will require sustained expenditures of between $350 million and $600 million annually, mostly to fund power and transport. In the mid-2000s, with all sources of spending taken into account, Liberia spent around $90 million a year on infrastructure. An additional $17 million was lost to inefficiencies, such as underpricing of power. Because Liberia suffers an annual funding gap of between $250 million and $500 million per year, it will need a combination of increased finance, improved efficiency, and cost-reducing innovations to reach its infrastructure targets in a reasonable time. Without these, Liberians may have to wait for up to 40 years to achieve the targets.

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