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Kenya’s Infrastructure : A Continental Perspective

ACCESS TO SERVICES ACCESSIBILITY ACCOUNTING AIR AIR TRANSPORT AIRWAYS ARTERY AVIATION SECTOR BANDWIDTH BILL COLLECTION BORDER CROSSINGS BOREHOLES BOTTLENECKS BUDGET EXECUTION BULK CARGO CABLE CAPITAL COSTS CAPITAL EXPENDITURE CAPITAL INVESTMENT CARGO CARGO HANDLING CARGO HANDLING CHARGE CARRIERS CARS CATCHMENT CATCHMENT AREA COLLECTION OF BILLS CONCESSION CONCESSIONS CONGESTION CONTAINER BERTHS CONTAINER HANDLING CONTAINER TERMINALS CORPORATE GOVERNANCE COST OF POWER COST RECOVERY COSTS OF POWER COVERING CUBIC METER CUBIC METERS DAMS DEFICITS DEMAND FOR POWER DISTRIBUTION LOSSES DOMESTIC AIR TRANSPORT DOMESTIC WATER CONSUMPTION DRAINAGE ECONOMIC GROWTH ELECTRICITY END USERS ENGINEERING FARES FINANCIAL BURDEN FLOODS FREIGHT FREIGHT TRAFFIC FREIGHT TRANSPORT FUEL GENERATION GENERATION CAPACITY GEOTHERMAL RESOURCES GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROWTH RATES HIGHWAY HOUSEHOLD BUDGETS HOUSEHOLDS HOUSING INCOME DISTRIBUTION INFRASTRUCTURE ASSETS INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT INFRASTRUCTURE FUNDING INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENTS INFRASTRUCTURE PROVISION INFRASTRUCTURE SERVICES INFRASTRUCTURE SPENDING INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT INTERNATIONAL GATEWAYS INVESTMENT PROGRAM INVESTMENT TARGETS IRRIGATION LANDLORD MODEL LITERS PER CAPITA PER DAY LOCAL WATER LOCOMOTIVE LOWER PRICES LOWER WATER LOSSES MAINTENANCE COSTS MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS MARGINAL COST MONOPOLY PROFIT MONTHLY WATER BILL NATIONAL BUDGETS O&M OPEN ACCESS OPERATIONAL EFFICIENCY OPERATIONAL IMPROVEMENTS OPERATIONAL PERFORMANCE PASSENGER TRAFFIC PASSENGERS PERFORMANCE INDICATORS PIPED WATER PIPELINE POPULATION DENSITY PORT OPERATIONS PORT SECTOR PORT SERVICES PORTS POWER POWER SECTOR POWER SECTOR DEVELOPMENT PRESSURE PRICE REDUCTIONS PRIVATE FINANCING PRIVATE OPERATORS PRIVATE PARTICIPATION PRIVATE PROVIDERS PRIVATE SECTOR PROVISION OF WATER PROVISIONS PUBLIC PUBLIC EXPENDITURE PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE PUBLIC INVESTMENT PUBLIC PRIVATE INFRASTRUCTURE PUBLIC SECTOR PUBLIC SECTOR INFORMATION PUBLIC WORKS RAIL RAIL COMPANY RAIL CORRIDOR RAIL CORRIDORS RAIL NETWORK RAILWAY RAILWAYS REVENUE COLLECTION ROAD ROAD CONNECTIONS ROAD MAINTENANCE ROAD NETWORK ROAD SECTOR ROAD TRAFFIC ROADS ROUTE RUNWAY RURAL WATER SAFETY SANITATION SANITATION SECTOR SANITATION UTILITIES SAVINGS SERVICE IMPROVEMENTS SERVICE PROVIDERS SEWAGE DISPOSAL SLUMS STORAGE CAPACITY SURFACE WATER TAX TELECOMMUNICATIONS TOWN TRAFFIC DENSITY TRAFFIC VOLUMES TRANSPORT INDUSTRY TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSPORT MARKET TRANSPORT POLICY TRANSPORT QUALITY TRANSPORTATION TRUCK PROCESSING URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE URBAN ROAD URBAN TRANSPORT URBAN WATER URBAN WATER SUPPLY UTILITY SERVICES WATER CHARGES WATER CONSUMPTION WATER POLICY WATER RESOURCE WATER RESOURCE MANAGEMENT WATER RESOURCES WATER SCARCITY WATER SECTOR WATER SERVICE WATER SERVICE PROVIDERS WATER SERVICES WATER SOURCE WATER STANDPOSTS WATER STORAGE WATER SUPPLY WATER TARIFFS WATER USAGE WATER USE WATER USER WATER UTILITIES
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Africa | Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | East Africa | Kenya
2012-03-19T18:01:02Z | 2012-03-19T18:01:02Z | 2011-03-01

In the past decade, infrastructure contributed 0.5 percentage points to Kenya's annual per capita GDP growth. Raising the country s infrastructure endowment to that of Africa's middle-income countries could increase that contribution by 3 percentage points. Several accomplishments are notable. More than 90 percent of the population has access to GSM cell signals. A successful public-private partnership in air transport has made Kenya's airline a top carrier in the region and its international airport a key gateway to Africa. Institutional reforms in the power sector have reduced the burden of subsidies on the public by approximately 1 percent of GDP. But the power sector continues to pose Kenya's greatest infrastructure challenge. Over the next decade, current capacity will have to double. A second challenge is to improve the efficiency of operations at the Port of Mombasa. Other concerns include low levels of access to household services, underfunding of road maintenance, and negative progress on the Millennium Development Goals for water supply and sanitation. Addressing Kenya's infrastructure deficit will require sustained expenditures of approximately $4 billion per year (20 percent of GDP) over the next decade. As of 2006, Kenya needed and additional $2.1 billion per year (11 percent of GDP) to meet that funding goal. The gap could be halved through the use of more efficient technologies to meet infrastructure targets in the transport and WSS sectors. If Kenya is unable to increase infrastructure spending, it could nevertheless meet infrastructure targets in 18 years by eliminating existing inefficiencies in infrastructure sectors.

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