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Economic & Sector Work :: Other Agricultural Study

Zambia - Impact Assessment of the Fertilizer Support Program : Analysis of Effectiveness and Efficiency

AFFORDABLE ACCESS AGENCIES AGRIBUSINESS AGRICULTURAL AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES AGRICULTURAL CREDIT AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT AGRICULTURAL GROWTH AGRICULTURAL INPUTS AGRICULTURAL MARKETING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AGRICULTURAL SECTOR AGRICULTURE AGRICULTURE SECTOR APPLICATION PROCESS APPROVAL PROCESS AVERAGE YIELDS BANK BANK ACCOUNT BANK ACCOUNTS BENCHMARK BENCHMARKS CASSAVA CLIMATE COMMERCIAL BANKS COMMODITY COMPETITIVENESS CONSERVATION FARMING CONSUMERS CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS COOP COOPERATIVE COOPERATIVE BANK COOPERATIVES COOPS CORRUPTION COST EFFECTIVENESS COST ESTIMATES COST SHARING COST-SHARING COSTS CREDIT FACILITY CREDIT MANAGEMENT CREDIT PROGRAM CREDIT PROVISION CRITERIA CROP CULTIVATION DATES DEBTS DECISION MAKING DEFAULTER DEPOSIT DEPOSITS DISTRIBUTION DIVERSIFICATION ECONOMIC COOPERATION ECONOMIC REFORMS ECONOMIC SECTOR WORK EDUCATION EQUITY EXCHANGE RATE EXPECTATIONS EXPENDITURE EXPENDITURES EXTENSION FAMILY FARM FARM INCOME FARMER FARMER GROUPS FARMER ORGANIZATIONS FARMERS FEES FERTILIZER FERTILIZER USE FERTILIZERS FINANCE FINANCIAL CRISIS FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT FINANCIAL RESOURCE FINANCIAL SUPPORT FISCAL DEFICITS FISHERIES FLOW OF FUNDS FOOD CROPS FOOD INSECURITY FOOD PRODUCTION FOOD SELF-SUFFICIENCY GDP GOVERNMENT FUNDING GRAIN GRAIN MARKET GROWTH RATE GUARANTEE HEALTH HISTORY HOUSEHOLD HOUSEHOLD FOOD HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY HOUSEHOLDS IMPACT ON YIELDS INCENTIVES INCOMES INDICATORS INFORMATION INPUT PRICE INPUT PRICES INTEREST INVESTMENT INVESTMENTS KNOWLEDGE LAND LAND DEVELOPMENT LEGAL REQUIREMENT LIVESTOCK LOAN MAIZE MAIZE PRODUCTION MAIZE YIELDS MALNUTRITION MARKET DEVELOPMENT MEDIUM TERM EXPENDITURE FRAMEWORK MONEY MONOPOLIES NEW MARKET NGOS OUTCOMES OUTSTANDING LOANS PAYMENT PAYMENTS PEOPLE PLANNING PLANS PLANTING POLICY ENVIRONMENT POOR CREDIT POPULATION GROWTH PRICE CONTROLS PRIVATE SECTOR PRODUCE PRODUCTION INCREASES PROFITABILITY PURCHASING POWER RECEIPT RECEIPTS REPORTS RESEARCH RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT REVENUE REVOLVING FUND RURAL DEVELOPMENT SECURITY SEED SEED COMPANIES SEEDS SMALL-SCALE FARMERS SMALLHOLDER SMALLHOLDER FARMER SMALLHOLDER FARMERS SMALLHOLDERS SUBSIDIES SUBSIDY SUPPLY TOTAL COSTS TRENDS UNION VALUE VARIABLES VILLAGE VOUCHER WAREHOUSE WAREHOUSE OPERATORS WAREHOUSES WEALTH YIELDS
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World Bank
Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | Southern Africa | Zambia
2012-03-19T10:23:32Z | 2012-03-19T10:23:32Z | 2010-06-09

This research report examines the technical efficiency and impact of the Zambia Fertilizer Support Program (FSP). The FSP was launched by the Government of the Republic of Zambia (GRZ) in 2002 as a temporary measure to provide subsidized hybrid maize seed and fertilizer packages to smallholder farmers and to promote the participation of private traders in supply. When the FSP was announced, the Government indicated that farmers would be eligible to receive support for two consecutive seasons only and that the subsidy level would be reduced by 25 percent per year. The program was meant to run for three years to the end of the 2004/05 farm season. Contrary to these initial plans, the scale of FSP operations has grown significantly since the program was launched with large additions to the numbers of farmers targeted in some years, a change in the subsidy level from 50 percent to 60 percent, little attention to the intended two-year "graduation" requirements, and a significant escalation of total costs and cost per beneficiary. The budgeted amount for 2007/08 was ZMK 150 billion. This assessment was prepared to help answer these questions and provide an improved basis for discussing the current and future role of agriculture input subsidies in Zambia. The request for this attests to the Zambian Government's commitment to transparent decision making. The analysis focuses specifically on the 2007/08 agriculture season.

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