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Ethiopia's Infrastructure : A Continental Perspective

ACCESSIBILITY AIR AIR TRAFFIC AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL AIR TRANSPORT AIRCRAFT BANDWIDTH BORDER CROSSINGS BOTTLENECKS BUDGET EXECUTION CABLE CAPITAL COSTS CAPITAL EXPENDITURE CAPITAL INVESTMENT CAPITALS CARGO CARRIERS CENTRAL GOVERNMENT CONCESSION CONCESSIONS CONSUMPTION OF ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION OF WATER CONTAINER TERMINAL COST OF POWER COST RECOVERY COSTS OF POWER COSTS OF ROADS COUNTRY COMPARISONS CROSS SUBSIDIES CUBIC METER CUBIC METERS DEFICITS DISTRIBUTION LOSSES DOMESTIC AIR TRANSPORT ECONOMIC GROWTH ELECTRIC POWER ELECTRICITY TARIFFS FINANCIAL BURDEN FINANCIAL DATA FUEL GENERATION GENERATION CAPACITY GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROWTH RATES HOUSEHOLD BUDGETS HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION HOUSEHOLDS HYGIENE EDUCATION HYGIENE EDUCATION PROGRAM INCOME DISTRIBUTION INFRASTRUCTURE ASSETS INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE INFRASTRUCTURE FUNDING INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS INFRASTRUCTURE PROVISION INFRASTRUCTURE SECTOR INFRASTRUCTURE SERVICES INFRASTRUCTURE SPENDING INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT INTERNATIONAL GATEWAYS INVESTMENT PROGRAM INVESTMENT TARGETS LEVIES LICENSES LOW TARIFFS MAINTENANCE COSTS MAINTENANCE OF INFRASTRUCTURE MARGINAL COST O&M OPERATING EFFICIENCY OPERATIONAL PERFORMANCE POPULATION DENSITY PORTS POWER POWER NETWORK POWER SECTOR POWER SYSTEMS PRIVATE PARTICIPATION PRIVATE SECTOR PRODUCTIVITY PROFIT MARGIN PROVISION OF WATER PUBLIC PUBLIC COMPANY PUBLIC ENTERPRISES PUBLIC EXPENDITURE PUBLIC FINANCE PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE PUBLIC INVESTMENT PUBLIC INVESTMENTS PUBLIC PRIVATE INFRASTRUCTURE PUBLIC RESOURCES PUBLIC SECTOR PUBLIC SPENDING RAIL RAIL CORRIDOR RAIL CORRIDORS RAILWAY RAILWAYS REGULATORY FRAMEWORK REVENUE COLLECTION ROAD ROAD INVESTMENT ROAD MAINTENANCE ROAD NETWORK ROAD NETWORKS ROAD SECTOR ROAD TRAFFIC ROADS RURAL WATER SAFETY SANITATION SAVINGS SERVICE EXPANSION SERVICE PROVIDERS STORAGE CAPACITY SUBSIDIARY SURFACE TRANSPORT SURFACE WATER TELECOMMUNICATIONS TELEPHONE CALLS TELEPHONE SERVICES TERMINAL OPERATOR TRAFFIC LEVELS TRAFFIC SURVEILLANCE TRAFFIC VOLUME TRANSIT TRANSMISSION CAPACITY TRANSPORT TRANSPORT INDUSTRY TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSPORT POLICY TRANSPORT QUALITY TRANSPORT SECTOR TRANSPORTATION URBAN CENTER URBAN ROAD URBAN TRANSPORT URBAN WATER URBAN WATER SUPPLY USER CHARGES UTILITY SERVICES WATER CONSUMPTION WATER DISTRIBUTION WATER POLICY WATER PROJECTS WATER RESOURCES WATER SECTOR WATER STORAGE WATER SUPPLY WATER TARIFFS WATER UTILITIES WELLS
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Ethiopia
2017-08-14T19:33:40Z | 2017-08-14T19:33:40Z | 2010-03

Infrastructure contributed 0.6 percentage points to Ethiopia's annual per capita gross domestic product (GDP) growth over the last decade. Raising the country's infrastructure endowment level to that of the region's middle-income countries could lift annual growth by an additional 3 percentage points. This will represent a significant boost over the growth performance of the mid-2000s, which averaged around 5 percent. The Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic (AICD) has collected and analyzed extensive infrastructure data for more than 40 Sub-Saharan countries, including Ethiopia. The results are presented in reports on various infrastructure sectors Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), irrigation, power, transport, water and sanitation and policy areas, including investment needs, fiscal costs, and sector performance. This country report presents the key AICD findings for Ethiopia. This will allow its infrastructure situation to be benchmarked against that of other African nations that, like Ethiopia, are low-income countries, with particular emphasis on immediate regional neighbors in East Africa. Several methodological issues should be borne in mind. First, the cross country nature of the data collection creates an inevitable time lag. The period covered by the AICD runs from 2001 to 2006. Most technical data are presented for 2006 (or the most recent year available), while financial data typically are averaged over the available period to smooth out the effect of short term fluctuations. Second, cross country comparisons require standardization of the indicators and the analysis to ensure consistency. Therefore, some of the indicators may be slightly different from those that are routinely reported and discussed at the country level. During the 2000s, Ethiopia's annual economic growth has averaged 4.8 percent, compared with only 0.5 percent in the previous decade. Notwithstanding this improvement, current annual growth levels still fall short of the sustained 7 percent needed to meet the Millennium Development Goals. Improved structural and stabilization policies generated an estimated 4.2 percent of Ethiopia's improved per capita growth performance during the 2000s, and improvements in the country's infrastructure platform over that period contributed up to 0.6 percentage points to growth. This was due almost entirely to the introduction of mobile telephony in Ethiopia. Simulations suggest that if Ethiopia's infrastructure platform could be improved to the level of the African leader, Mauritius, annual per capita growth rates could increase by 3.8 percent. This potential impact would come equally from improvements to transport, power, and ICT infrastructure.

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