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Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note

Challenges in Financing Education, Health, and Social Protection Expenditures in Zimbabwe

ACCESS TO HEALTH SERVICES ADOLESCENT FERTILITY AGED ALLOCATION ANTENATAL CARE ANTENATAL VISITS BASIC EDUCATION BASIC SOCIAL SERVICES BENEFICIARIES BRAIN DRAIN BUDGET ALLOCATIONS BUDGET ENVELOPE BUDGET PROPOSALS CAPACITY BUILDING CHILD HEALTH CHILD HEALTH SERVICES CHILD MORTALITY CHILD WELFARE CHRONIC MALNUTRITION CITIZENS CLINICS COMMUNICABLE DISEASES COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT DONOR ASSISTANCE DONOR FINANCING DROPOUT EARLY CHILDHOOD ECONOMIC CONDITIONS EDUCATION SYSTEM EDUCATIONAL INDICATORS EDUCATIONAL SERVICES ELDERLY EMPLOYMENT CREATION EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES ENFORCEMENT MECHANISMS ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH ESSENTIAL DRUGS ESSENTIAL SUPPLIES FAMILIES FAMILY PLANNING FERTILITY FERTILITY RATE FISCAL CRISIS FISCAL STABILITY FOOD DEFICIT FOOD SECURITY GENDER DISPARITIES GENDER EQUITY HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS HEALTH CARE SERVICES HEALTH CENTERS HEALTH EDUCATION HEALTH FACILITIES HEALTH INDICATORS HEALTH INFRASTRUCTURE HEALTH INTERVENTIONS HEALTH PROMOTION HEALTH SECTOR HEALTH SYSTEM HEALTH WORKERS HIV HOSPITAL HOSPITALS HUMAN CAPITAL HUMAN DEVELOPMENT HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IMMUNIZATION IMMUNODEFICIENCY INCOME-GENERATING ACTIVITIES INFANT INFANT MORTALITY INFORMATION SYSTEMS INTERVENTION INVESTMENTS IN EDUCATION JOB TRAINING LEVELS OF EDUCATION LIFE EXPECTANCY LITERACY RATES LIVE BIRTHS LIVING STANDARDS LOCAL AUTHORITIES LOCAL COMMUNITIES LOCAL GOVERNMENTS MACROECONOMIC INDICATORS MACROECONOMIC STABILIZATION MALARIA MALNOURISHED CHILDREN MATERNAL CARE MATERNAL MORTALITY MEASLES MEDICAL CARE MEDICAL EQUIPMENT MEDICAL SUPPLIES MEDICAL TREATMENT MEDICINES MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS MINISTRY OF EDUCATION MINISTRY OF FINANCE MINISTRY OF HEALTH MINORITY MORBIDITY MORTALITY MORTALITY RATE MOTHER NATIONAL STATISTICS NUMBER OF DEATHS NURSES NUTRITION NUTRITIONAL STATUS ORPHANS PATIENT PATIENTS PHYSICIANS POLICY MAKERS POLITICAL CLIMATE POOR FAMILIES POPULATION GROWTH POVERTY ASSESSMENT POVERTY REDUCTION PREVENTION STRATEGIES PREVENTIVE HEALTH CARE PRIMARY EDUCATION PRIMARY HEALTH CARE PRIMARY SCHOOL PRIMARY SCHOOLS PROGRESS PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION PUBLIC EDUCATION PUBLIC EXPENDITURE PUBLIC EXPENDITURES PUBLIC FINANCE PUBLIC FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT PUBLIC FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM PUBLIC HEALTH PUBLIC HOSPITALS PUBLIC RESOURCES PUBLIC SECTOR PUBLIC SECTOR SPECIALIST PUBLIC SERVICE PUBLIC SERVICES PUBLIC SPENDING PUBLIC SUPPORT PUBLIC WORKS PUPIL-TO-TEACHER RATIO QUALITY EDUCATION QUALITY OF CARE QUALITY OF EDUCATION QUALITY SERVICES RADIO REDUCTION OF MORBIDITY REFORM AGENDA REMITTANCES REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH RESPECT RURAL AREAS RURAL DEVELOPMENT RURAL POPULATION SAFE WATER SAFETY NET SAFETY NETS SANITATION SANITATION FACILITIES SCARCE RESOURCES SCHOOL FEES SCHOOL-AGE POPULATION SCREENING SECONDARY EDUCATION SECONDARY SCHOOL SECONDARY SCHOOLS SECTOR BUDGET SECTOR MINISTRIES SERVICE DELIVERY SERVICE PROVISION SICK LEAVE SKILLED PERSONNEL SOCIAL COHESION SOCIAL CONDITIONS SOCIAL EXPENDITURES SOCIAL INDICATORS SOCIAL PROGRAMS SOCIAL PROTECTION SOCIAL PROTECTION EXPENDITURES SOCIAL PROTECTION SECTOR SOCIAL SECTOR SOCIAL SECTORS SOCIAL SERVICE SOCIAL SERVICES SOCIAL TRANSFER SOCIAL WELFARE STATE UNIVERSITY TAX COLLECTIONS TEACHER SALARIES TEACHING MATERIALS TECHNICAL EDUCATION TERTIARY EDUCATION TERTIARY LEVEL TERTIARY LEVELS TRANSFER PAYMENTS TRANSPORTATION TUBERCULOSIS UNFPA UNIONS UNITED NATIONS POPULATION FUND UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATION URBAN AREAS URBAN COMMUNITY URBAN POPULATION USER FEES VOCATIONAL TRAINING VULNERABILITY VULNERABLE GROUPS WOMAN WORKERS WORKING CONDITIONS WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION YOUNG CHILDREN YOUTH DEVELOPMENT
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Washington, DC
Africa | Zimbabwe
2014-08-19T20:32:17Z | 2014-08-19T20:32:17Z | 2011-02-02

The Government of Zimbabwe (GOZ) faces difficult choices in managing the size of its civil service wage bill. The Government understands the need to watch the escalating wage bill carefully and put in place a strategy to steer it to a sustainable level as early as possible. Historical and international comparisons suggest that an overall wage bill of around 10 percent of GDP should be the medium-term target. This note illustrates that Zimbabwe could take immediate steps in 2010 and 2011 that will put it on the path of a sustainable level of wage bill in the medium-term. The focus of efforts to contain the wage bill should be on short-term measures because designing and implementing a medium-term approach to wage bill management would be too challenging in view of prevailing economic uncertainty and complex political reality. The note covers the staff employed by the Central Government, including uniformed services and staff employed by the Grant-in-Aided (GIA) institutions. The staff employed by local governments and public enterprises are excluded because direct transfers from the central budget to local government and public enterprises are rather small. (annex A has an outline of the institutional aspects of civil service in Zimbabwe). Given the paucity of information, the note does not make any recommendations specific to the GIA wage bill.

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