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The Effects of Conflict on Fertility in Rwanda

ACCESS TO CONTRACEPTION ACCESS TO EDUCATION ACCESS TO HEALTH SERVICES ACCESS TO LAND AGE OF MARRIAGE AGED AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION ARMED FORCES BABIES BABY BABY BOOM BOUNDARIES BREADWINNERS CHILD DEATH CHILD HEALTH CHILD MORTALITY CHILD MORTALITY RATE CHILDBEARING CHILDBIRTH CIVIL STATUS CIVIL WAR CONFLICTS CONTRACEPTIVES COUNTERPARTS CRIMES CULTURAL PRACTICES DEATHS DECLINE IN FERTILITY DEMAND FOR FAMILY PLANNING DEMOGRAPHIC IMBALANCES DEMOGRAPHIC IMPACT DEMOGRAPHY DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DEVELOPMENT POLICY DISCRIMINATION DIVORCED WOMEN DOMESTIC VIOLENCE ECONOMIC STATUS EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT ELDERLY EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES ETHNIC GROUPS EXCESS MORTALITY EXPOSURE TO VIOLENCE FAMILY MEMBERS FAMILY PLANNING FAMILY STRUCTURE FEMALE FEMALES FERTILITY FERTILITY BEHAVIOR FERTILITY LEVELS FERTILITY PATTERNS FERTILITY RATE FERTILITY RATES FERTILITY TRENDS FEWER CHILDREN FIRST BIRTH FIRST CHILD FIRST MARRIAGE GENDER GENDER DIFFERENTIALS GENDER ROLES GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE GENOCIDE HEADS OF HOUSEHOLD HEALTH CARE HEALTH CARE SYSTEM HEALTH CONSEQUENCES HEALTH INFRASTRUCTURE HEALTH STATUS HIV/AIDS HOMES HOUSEHOLD ASSETS HOUSEHOLD COMPOSITION HOUSEHOLD SIZE HUSBAND HUSBANDS IDEAL FAMILY SIZE IDEAL NUMBER OF CHILDREN IMPACT OF CONFLICT IMPACT ON FERTILITY INSTITUTION OF MARRIAGE INTERNAL MIGRATION INTERNATIONAL BANK INTERNATIONAL COMPARISONS JAIL KINSHIP LACK OF INFORMATION LARGE FAMILIES LARGER FAMILIES LEGISLATION LEVELS OF EDUCATION LEVELS OF FERTILITY LOWER FERTILITY MARITAL PROPERTY MARITAL STATUS MASCULINITY MASS VIOLENCE MASSACRES MATERNAL MORTALITY MENOPAUSE MIDDLE AGE MIGRATION MILITIA MINORITY MODERN CONTRACEPTION MORTALITY MORTALITY RATES MOTHER MOTHERHOOD MOTHERS NATIONS NUMBER OF BIRTHS NUMBER OF CHILDREN NUMBER OF HOUSEHOLDS NUMBER OF WOMEN NUTRITION OLD AGE OLD-AGE OLDER AGE GROUPS PARENTS PEACE PLACE OF RESIDENCE POLICE POLICY DISCUSSIONS POLICY RESEARCH POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER POLITICAL POWER POLYGAMOUS MARRIAGES POPULATION DATA POPULATION DENSITY POPULATION GROWTH POPULATION GROWTH RATE POPULATION PLANNING POPULATION PRESSURES POPULATION STRUCTURE POPULATION SUBGROUP POST-CONFLICT RECONSTRUCTION PREGNANCY PRIMARY EDUCATION PROGRESS RADIO RAPE RAPES REBEL REBEL ARMY RECONCILIATION RECONSTRUCTION POLICIES REFUGEE REFUGEE WOMEN REFUGEES REPRODUCTIVE BEHAVIOR REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH RESPECT RISK OF EXPOSURE RISK OF PREGNANCY RURAL AREAS SANITATION SEX SEX RATIO SEX RATIOS SEXUAL ACTIVITY SEXUAL PARTNERS SEXUAL VIOLENCE SOCIAL NORMS SOCIAL SECURITY SOCIAL SUPPORT SOCIAL TENSIONS SOLDIERS SOURCE OF DRINKING WATER SPOUSES TEENAGERS TRAUMA UNIONS UNMARRIED WOMEN URBAN AREAS URBAN POPULATION URBANIZATION VICTIMS VIOLENCE AT HOME VIOLENT CONFLICT VULNERABILITY VULNERABLE GROUPS WAR WAR ECONOMIES WARFARE WARS WIDOW WIDOWS WILL WIVES WOMAN YOUNG AGE YOUNG MEN YOUNG WOMEN
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Africa | Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | Central Africa | Rwanda
2012-03-19T18:04:05Z | 2012-03-19T18:04:05Z | 2011-06-01

The aim of this paper is to study the short and long-term fertility effects of mass violent conflict on different population sub-groups. The authors pool three nationally representative demographic and health surveys from before and after the genocide in Rwanda, identifying conflict exposure of the survivors in multiple ways. The analysis finds a robust effect of genocide on fertility, with a strong replacement effect for lost children. Having lost siblings reduces fertility only in the short term. Most interesting is the continued importance of the institution of marriage in determining fertility and in reducing fertility for the large group of widows in Rwanda.

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