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Namibia: Country Brief

ACCESS TO EDUCATION ACCOUNTING ADULT LITERACY ADULT MORTALITY ADULT POPULATION ANNUAL INCOME ARABLE LAND ARSENIC AUDITS BASIC EDUCATION BASIC NEEDS BIODIVERSITY BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS CLIMATE CHANGE CLIMATIC CONDITIONS COMMERCIAL BANKS COMMERCIAL FISHING CONTRACEPTIVE PREVALENCE CONTRIBUTION CREDIT RATING CURRENT ACCOUNT DEBT DEFORESTATION DEMOCRACY DEVELOPMENT PLANS DIET DISEASES DISSEMINATION DISTRIBUTION OF WEALTH DROUGHTS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECOSYSTEM ELDERLY ELECTRICITY GENERATION EMISSIONS ENDANGERED SPECIES ENERGY USE ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY EPIDEMIC ETHNIC GROUPS EXCHANGE RATE EXPENDITURES FINANCIAL SECTOR FINANCIAL SYSTEMS FISCAL POLICIES FISCAL POSITION FISH FISHERIES FISHING FISHING GROUNDS FOOD PRODUCTION FOREIGN EXCHANGE EARNINGS FOREIGN INVESTMENT GENDER DISPARITY GENDER EQUALITY GOOD GOVERNANCE GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES GOVERNMENT SUPPORT GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROUNDWATER HAZARDOUS WASTES HEALTH INFRASTRUCTURE HEALTH RISKS HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT HIV HIV INFECTION HOSPITAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME HUMAN DEVELOPMENT HUMAN RIGHTS HUMAN WELFARE IMMIGRANTS IMMIGRATION IMMUNIZATION IMPORTS INCOME DISTRIBUTION INDEBTEDNESS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT INDUSTRIALIZATION INFANT INFANT MORTALITY INFANT MORTALITY RATE INFECTION RATES INFLATION INSURANCE INSURANCE COMPANIES INTERNATIONAL TRADE INVESTMENT CLIMATE JOB CREATION LABOR COSTS LABOR FORCE LABOR MARKET LABOR PRODUCTIVITY LAND DEGRADATION LAND PRODUCTIVITY LAND TENURE LAND USE LEGAL RIGHTS LEGAL STATUS LEGISLATION LEVEL OF EDUCATION LEVEL OF POVERTY LEVELS OF EDUCATION LIFE EXPECTANCY LIVE BIRTHS LOCAL COMMUNITIES MACROECONOMIC STABILITY MALARIA MARKET PRICES MARKETING MATERNAL MORTALITY MATERNAL MORTALITY RATIO MATERNITY LEAVE MATHEMATICS MEASLES MEASLES IMMUNIZATION MEAT MEDICAL BENEFITS MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS MINES MINISTRY OF HEALTH MINORITY MORTALITY RATE MOTHER MOTHER-TO-CHILD MOTHER-TO-CHILD TRANSMISSION NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN NATIONAL PRIORITIES NATURAL RESOURCE NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT NATURAL RESOURCES NUMBER OF PEOPLE OFFICIAL DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE OFFICIAL LANGUAGES OIL OIL EQUIVALENT ORPHANS OVERGRAZING OZONE LAYER PENSION PENSION FUNDS PESTICIDES POLLUTION POLLUTION LEVELS POOR HOUSEHOLDS POPULATION DENSITY POPULATION GROWTH POPULATION STRUCTURE POVERTY LEVELS POVERTY LINE POVERTY REDUCTION PREGNANT WOMEN PRENATAL CARE PRIMARY EDUCATION PRIMARY HEALTH CARE PRIMARY HEALTH CARE FACILITIES PRIMARY SCHOOL PRIMARY SCHOOLING PRIVATE CONSUMPTION PRIVATE INVESTMENT PRODUCERS PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH PROGRESS PROPHYLAXIS PUBLIC HEALTH PURCHASING POWER PURCHASING POWER PARITY QUALITY OF EDUCATION QUALITY OF LIFE QUOTAS REMITTANCES RESEARCH ASSISTANCE RESPECT RESPONSIBILITIES RULE OF LAW RURAL AREAS RURAL POPULATION SAFETY NET SANITATION SANITATION FACILITIES SEA LEVEL SECONDARY EDUCATION SECONDARY SCHOOL SENIOR SICK LEAVE SKILLED WORKERS SOCIAL COSTS SOCIAL EQUITY SOCIAL INEQUALITY SOCIAL SECURITY SOCIAL SERVICES SOCIAL WELFARE SOIL DEGRADATION SOIL EROSION SPECIES STOCK EXCHANGE STOCKS SUBSISTENCE FARMING SUSTAINABLE ACCESS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT TAX RATE TAX RATES TAXATION TERMS OF TRADE TERTIARY EDUCATION TRADE UNIONS TREATIES TUBERCULOSIS UNEMPLOYMENT UNEMPLOYMENT RATES UNIVERSITY EDUCATION UNSKILLED WORKERS URBAN AREAS URBAN POPULATION URBANIZATION WAGE WAGES WAR WATER POLLUTION WATER RESOURCES WETLANDS YOUNG PEOPLE
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World Bank
Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | Southern Africa | Namibia
2012-03-19T10:03:27Z | 2012-03-19T10:03:27Z | 2009

Namibia is a large country in Southern Africa that borders the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola to the north and South Africa to the south. With a surface area of 824,290 square kilometers, it is similar in size to Mozambique and about half the size of the U.S. state of Alaska. Namibia has a small population of approximately 2.1 million people. It is also one of the least densely populated countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, with an average density of approximately 2.5 people per square kilometer, compared to 34 people per square kilometer for the region as a whole. Namibia was the last colonized country in Sub-Saharan Africa to become independent. After nearly 70 years of South African rule, Namibia gained its independence on March 21, 1990. Until 1990, Namibia's official languages were German, Afrikaans, and English. Following independence, English became the official language, although it is the first language of only a very small percentage of Namibians. Oshiwambo dialects are the mother tongue of approximately half of the population. Namibia, a lower-middle-income country, has one of the highest levels of per capita income in Sub-Saharan Africa. Namibia is one of very few countries in Sub-Saharan Africa that maintains a social safety net for the elderly, the disabled, orphans and vulnerable children, and war veterans. It also has a social security act that provides for maternity leave, sick leave, and medical benefits. Namibia has one of the most productive fishing grounds in the world. The fishing industry is an important source of foreign exchange and a significant employer. The tourism industry in Namibia is similar in size to that in Botswana and is the country's third-largest foreign exchange earner. Namibia is one of the largest producers of gem quality diamonds in the world. It is estimated that 98 percent of its mined diamonds are gem quality. In 2006, almost half of total production was recovered from offshore sources. Namibia is the driest country in Sub-Saharan Africa, with deserts occupying much of the country. It has no perennial rivers or any other permanent water bodies. Due to the low and erratic rainfall and scarce ground and surface water, less than five percent of the country is arable, including through irrigation. Namibia was the first country in the world to incorporate environmental protection into its constitution. Nearly six percent of its land is nationally protected, including large portions of coastal areas within the Namib Desert.

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