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Economic & Sector Work :: Energy Study

International Experience with Cross-border Power Trading

AMOUNT OF POWER APPROACH AVAILABILITY BIDS BILATERAL TRANSACTIONS BORDER TRADE BORDER TRANSMISSION BROKER BUYER BUYERS CAPABILITY CAPITAL COSTS CAPITAL EXPENDITURES CARGO COAL COMMERCIAL RISKS COMPETITIVE MARKETS COMPETITIVENESS CONCESSIONS COPYRIGHT COST RECOVERY CREDIBILITY DEBT DECISION MAKING PROCESS DEFAULTS DEVELOPMENT BANK DEVELOPMENT FINANCE DISPUTE RESOLUTION DOMESTIC ENERGY DOMESTIC MARKET DURABLE ECONOMIES OF SCALE ELECTRIC POWER ELECTRICAL ENERGY ELECTRICITY ELECTRICITY CONSUMERS ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION ELECTRICITY GENERATION ELECTRICITY GENERATION CAPACITY ELECTRICITY INFRASTRUCTURE ELECTRICITY MARKET ELECTRICITY SUPPLY ELECTRICITY TRADE ELECTRIFICATION ENERGY DEMAND ENERGY TRANSPORT ENFORCEABILITY ENTERPRISE SURVEYS EQUIPMENT EXPENDITURES EXPORTER EXPORTERS FEDERAL POWER COMMISSION FINANCIAL SETTLEMENTS FOREIGN INVESTMENTS FORGIVENESS FUTURE DEMAND GENERATING CAPACITY GENERATION GENERATION CAPACITY GOVERNMENT COMMITMENTS GOVERNMENT POLICY GOVERNMENT SUPPORT GRIDS HYDRO PLANT HYDROPOWER INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT INSTITUTION INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT INTERNATIONAL ENERGY INVESTMENT CLIMATE INVESTMENT DECISIONS LEGAL AUTHORITY LEGAL FRAMEWORK LNG LOAN MARKET PARTICIPANTS MARKET PRICES MARKET REGULATION MARKET RULES MARKET TRADING MARKET TRANSACTIONS MARKETING MATERIAL NET INCOME NETWORKS PEAK CAPACITY PEAK DEMAND PEAK ELECTRICITY DEMAND PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PIPELINES PLANT OPERATORS PLANT PERFORMANCE POLITICAL ECONOMY POTENTIAL INVESTORS POWER POWER COMPANY POWER CONSUMPTION POWER DEMAND POWER DEVELOPMENT POWER OUTAGES POWER PLANNING POWER PLANTS POWER POOLS POWER PRODUCER POWER PRODUCERS POWER PROJECTS POWER PURCHASE POWER PURCHASE AGREEMENTS POWER PURCHASES POWER PURCHASING COSTS POWER SECTOR POWER SECTOR PLANNING POWER SECTORS POWER SHORTAGES POWER STATION POWER SUPPLIES POWER SYSTEM POWER SYSTEMS POWER TRADE POWER TRADING POWER TRANSACTIONS PRICING REGIME PRIVATE INVESTMENT PRIVATE SECTOR PRIVATE SECTOR FINANCE PRIVATE SECTOR INVESTMENT PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION PROJECT MANAGEMENT PROTOCOL PROTOCOLS PUBLIC UTILITIES PUBLIC UTILITY PUBLIC UTILITY COMMISSION REGIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE REGULATORY AUTHORITIES REGULATORY AUTHORITY REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT REGULATORY FRAMEWORK REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS REGULATORY SCRUTINY RELIABILITY RESERVE RESULT RESULTS RETAIL TARIFFS RETURN RISK ALLOCATION RISK CAPITAL RISK MANAGEMENT SENSITIVE INFORMATION SETTLEMENT SOFT LOANS SPOT MARKET SPOT MARKET PURCHASES SPOT MARKET TRADING SPOT MARKET TRANSACTIONS STANDARDIZATION STATE UTILITY SUPPLY CONTRACTS SURPLUS POWER TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TECHNICAL ISSUES TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS TELECOMMUNICATION TELECOMMUNICATIONS TIME PERIOD TOLL TRADING TRANSACTION TRANSACTION COSTS TRANSLATION TRANSMISSION ASSETS TRANSMISSION CAPACITY TRANSMISSION FACILITIES TRANSMISSION GRID TRANSMISSION INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSMISSION LINE TRANSMISSION LINES TRANSMISSION ORGANIZATION TRANSMISSION OWNERS TRANSMISSION PRICING TRANSMISSION SYSTEM TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS TRANSPARENCY TREASURY TREATIES TREATY USES UTILITIES VEHICLES VOLTAGE WHITE PAPER WORLD TRADE
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Washington, DC
Africa
2013-03-14T14:54:27Z | 2013-03-14T14:54:27Z | 2009-09

The five main lessons for Southern Africa from our review of the experiencewith cross-border power trading in other regions of the work are that: Security of supply concerns need to be explicitly addressed and understood by the parties to proposed cross-border transactions. Regional entities need to be empowered to make decisions based on legally enforceable national government commitments, particularly in relation to planning, pricing, and settlement rules. Bilateral trading provides a basis for expanding trading volumes, both through constructing the physical infrastructure that future deals will use and by establishing workable legal and regulatory frameworks. Power pools will help to generate sustained increases in cross-border trading along with other regional trading arrangements, particularly in power systems with several interconnection. The substance and process of regulatory reviews in importing and exporting countries must be clear to create sufficient investment certainty.

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