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Ghana’s Infrastructure : A Continental Perspective

ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY ACCESSIBILITY ADVANCED INFRASTRUCTURE AIR AIR SAFETY AIR TRANSPORT AIRCRAFT AIRPORTS APPROACH AVAILABILITY BALANCE BANDWIDTH BASINS BOREHOLES BOTTLENECKS BRIDGE BULK SUPPLY CABLE CAPITAL COSTS CAPITAL EXPENDITURE CAPITAL INVESTMENT CARGO CARGO HANDLING CARGO HANDLING CHARGE CARRIERS CARS CASH FLOW CATCHMENT CLIMATE CHANGE COLLECTION SYSTEMS COMPETITIVE MARKETS CONCESSION CONCESSION AGREEMENTS CONCESSION ARRANGEMENTS CONCESSION CONTRACT CONCESSIONS CONGESTION CONTAINER HANDLING CONTAINER HANDLING CHARGES CONTAINER TERMINAL CONTAINER TERMINAL CONCESSION COST OF GAS COST OF POWER COST RECOVERY COSTS OF POWER COVERING CUBIC METER CUBIC METERS DAMS DEMAND FOR POWER DISTRIBUTION ASSETS DISTRIBUTION LOSSES DISTRIBUTION NETWORK DOMESTIC WATER CONSUMPTION DRINKING WATER ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC VIABILITY ELECTRICITY ELECTRICITY TARIFFS ELECTRIFICATION FINANCIAL BURDEN FLEETS FLOODS FLUSH TOILETS FREIGHT FUEL GAS GAS SUPPLY GAS TURBINE GENERATION GENERATION CAPACITY GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROUNDWATER GROWTH RATES HOUSEHOLD BUDGETS HYDROPOWER INFRASTRUCTURE ASSETS INFRASTRUCTURE COSTS INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT INFRASTRUCTURE FUNDING INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT INFRASTRUCTURE SERVICES INFRASTRUCTURE SPENDING INTERNATIONAL GATEWAYS INTERNATIONAL SHIPPING INTERNATIONAL SHIPPING LINES INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL INVESTMENT CLIMATE INVESTMENT TARGETS IRRIGATION KILOWATT-HOUR KILOWATT-HOURS LANDLORD MODEL LOCOMOTIVE LOW TARIFFS MARKET PRICES MINERAL RESOURCES NATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE NATURAL RESOURCES O&M OIL OIL PRICES OIL PRODUCTION OPEN ACCESS OPERATIONAL DEFICIENCIES OPERATIONAL PERFORMANCE OPERATORS PIPED WATER PIPELINE POOR HOUSEHOLDS POOR QUALITY OF WATER POPULATION CENTERS POPULATION DENSITY PORT OPERATIONS POWER POWER CONSUMPTION POWER COSTS POWER DEMAND POWER GENERATION POWER GENERATION CAPACITY POWER GRID POWER SECTOR POWER SHORTAGES POWER SYSTEM PRESENT VALUE PRICE DIFFERENTIAL PRICE OF OIL PRIVATE OPERATOR PRIVATE PARTICIPATION PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION PROVISION OF WATER PUBLIC FUNDING PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE PUBLIC INVESTMENT PUBLIC PRIVATE INFRASTRUCTURE PUBLIC SECTOR PUBLIC SERVICES QUALITY OF SERVICE RAIL RAIL COSTS RAIL INFRASTRUCTURE RAIL NETWORK RAIL OPERATOR RAIL SERVICE RAIL TRAFFIC RAILWAY RAILWAYS RAINFALL RELIABILITY OF SUPPLY REVENUE COLLECTION ROAD ROAD MAINTENANCE ROAD NETWORK ROAD NETWORKS ROAD QUALITY ROAD SECTOR ROAD TRAFFIC ROAD TRANSPORT ROADS ROLLING STOCK ROUTE ROUTES RUNOFF RURAL ROADS RURAL WATER SANITATION SANITATION FACILITY SANITATION SECTOR SANITATION UTILITIES SERVICE QUALITY SHIPPING LINES SLUMS SPEEDS STORAGE CAPACITY SURFACE TRANSPORT SURFACE WATER TAPS TAX TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICES TELEPHONE NETWORKS TELEPHONE SERVICE THERMAL PLANT THERMAL POWER TOLL TRAFFIC TRAFFIC DENSITY TRAFFIC LEVELS TRAFFIC VOLUMES TRANSIT TRANSMISSION LINES TRANSPORT INDICATORS TRANSPORT INDUSTRY TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSPORT MARKET TRANSPORT POLICY TRANSPORT QUALITY TRANSPORTATION TRUCK PROCESSING URBAN AREAS URBAN ROAD URBAN ROADS URBAN TRANSPORT URBAN WATER URBAN WATER SUPPLY UTILITY BILLS UTILITY EFFICIENCY UTILITY SERVICES VEHICLES VOICE TELEPHONY WATER COLLECTION WATER COLLECTION SYSTEMS WATER COMPANY WATER CONNECTIONS WATER CONSUMPTION WATER DISTRIBUTION WATER INVESTMENTS WATER POLICY WATER QUALITY WATER RESOURCE WATER RESOURCES WATER RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT WATER SECTOR WATER SERVICE WATER SERVICES WATER SOURCE WATER STANDPOSTS WATER STORAGE WATER SUPPLY WATER TARIFFS WATER UTILITIES WATERS WEALTH
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Africa | West Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | Ghana
2012-03-19T18:01:08Z | 2012-03-19T18:01:08Z | 2011-03-01

Infrastructure contributed just over one percentage point to Ghana's annual per capital GDP growth during the 2000s. Raising the country s infrastructure endowment to that of the region's middle-income countries could boost the annual growth rate by more than 2.7 percentage points. Ghana has an advanced infrastructure platform when compared with other low-income countries in Africa. The country s coverage levels for rural water, electricity, and GSM signals are impressive. A large share of the road network is in good or fair condition. Institutional reforms have been adopted in the ICT, ports, roads, and water supply sectors. Ghana s most pressing challenges lie in the power sector, where outmoded transmission and distribution assets, rapid demand growth, and periodic hydrological shocks leave the country reliant on high-cost oil-based generation. Exceptionally high losses in water distribution leave little to reach end customers, who are thus exposed to intermittent supplies. Addressing Ghana's infrastructure challenges will require raising annual expenditures to $2.3 billion. The country already spends about $1.2 billion per year on infrastructure, equivalent to about 7.5 percent of GDP. A further $1.1 billion is lost each year to inefficiencies, notably underpricing of power.Ghana's annual infrastructure funding gap is about $0.4 billion per year, chiefly related to power and water. Following its recent oil discoveries, Ghana can raise additional public funding from increased tax receipts. The country has several strong areas on which to build and a solid economic base from which to fund incremental efforts.

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