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Angola's Infrastructure : A Continental Perspective

ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY ACCESS TO WATER SUPPLY ACCESSIBILITY AGRICULTURE AIR AIR TRANSPORT AIR TRANSPORT SECTOR AIRCRAFT AIRPORTS AVAILABILITY AVERAGE TARIFFS BALANCE BANDWIDTH BENCHMARK BENCHMARKING BENCHMARKS BILL COLLECTION BORDER CROSSING BROADBAND INFRASTRUCTURE BULK CARGO BULK SUPPLY BULK TARIFF CABLE CABLE SYSTEM CAPITAL EXPENDITURE CAPITAL INVESTMENT CAPITAL INVESTMENTS CARGO CARRIERS CHLORINE COLLECTION PERFORMANCE CONGESTION CONGESTION PROBLEMS CONTAINER PORT CONTAINER TERMINAL CONTAINER TRAFFIC COST OF ENERGY COST OF POWER COST OF WATER COST RECOVERY COSTS OF POWER CUBIC METER CUBIC METER OF WATER DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE DEVELOPMENT POLICY DIESEL DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER DISTRIBUTION LOSSES DRAINAGE DRIVERS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC INFRASTRUCTURE ELECTRIC SYSTEMS ELECTRICITY ELECTRIFICATION END USERS ENERGY COSTS EXPANSION OF GENERATION CAPACITY FARES FAULTY BILLING FEEDER ROADS FINANCIAL BURDEN FINANCIAL EQUILIBRIUM FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE FREIGHT FUEL FUEL PRICES FUEL SUBSIDIES GAS GASOLINE GDP GENERATING CAPACITY GENERATION GENERATION ASSETS GENERATION CAPACITY GENERATORS GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROWTH RATE GROWTH RATES HEAVY RELIANCE HIGH ENERGY HOUSEHOLD BUDGETS HOUSEHOLDS HYDROPOWER INCOME INEFFICIENCY INFRASTRUCTURE ASSETS INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT INFRASTRUCTURE FUNDING INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT INFRASTRUCTURE PROVISION INFRASTRUCTURE SPENDING INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT ASSOCIATION INTERNATIONAL AVIATION INTERNATIONAL TRADE INTERNATIONAL TRAFFIC INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL INVESTMENT CLIMATE INVESTMENT PROGRAM INVESTMENT TARGETS INVESTMENTS IN POWER JOURNEY KILOWATT-HOUR LEVEL OF COMPETITION LITERS PER CAPITA PER DAY LOCOMOTIVE LONG-DISTANCE LONG-DISTANCE ROAD LOW TARIFFS LOWER PRICES
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Africa | Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | Central Africa | Angola
2012-03-19T18:04:52Z | 2012-03-19T18:04:52Z | 2011-09-01

Infrastructure made a net contribution of around 1 percentage point to Angola's improved per capita growth performance in recent years, despite unreliable power supplies and poor roads, which each holding back growth by 0.2 percentage points. Raising the country's infrastructure endowment to that of the region's middle-income countries (MICs) could boost Angola's annual growth by about 2.9 percentage points. As a resource-rich, postconflict country, Angola has shown an exceptionally strong commitment to financing the reconstruction and expansion of its infrastructure. It has recently expanded its generation capacity, embarked on an ambitious multibillion-dollar road rehabilitation program, begun to make investments aimed at easing congestion at the Port of Luanda, and embarked upon an ambitious rehabilitation program for urban water systems. Numerous challenges remain, however. Angola needs to upgrade its electricity transmission and distribution infrastructure, expand its urban water-supply system, improve efficiency at the Port of Luanda, and make policy and regulatory adjustments across the board. Angola presently spends around $4.3 billion per year on infrastructure, with $1.3 billion lost to inefficiencies. After taking sectoral allocations and inefficiencies into account, a modest funding gap of $115 million per year remains, which could be largely eliminated by focusing on lower-cost water and sanitation options. Angola's infrastructure needs are manageable relative to its fast-growing economy, as long as the country can address inefficiencies.

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