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Rwanda's Exit Pathway from Violence : A Strategic Assessment

ABUSE ACCOUNTABILITY AMBASSADOR ARMED FORCES ASYLUM ATROCITIES BALANCE OF POWER BANKS BATTLE BOUNDARY BUREAUCRATIC EFFICIENCY BUSINESSMEN CANDIDATES CENSORSHIP CITIZEN CITIZENS CIVIL LIBERTIES CIVIL RIGHTS CIVIL SOCIETY CIVIL WAR CIVIL WARS COALITION GOVERNMENTS COLLAPSE COLONIALISM COMBATANTS COMMON MARKET COMMUNITY LEADERS COMMUNITY SERVICE COMPLAINT CONFIDENCE CONFLICT CONFLICTS CONSTRAINT CORRUPTION COUNTERPARTS CRIME CRIMINAL DEATHS DEFENCE DEMOCRACIES DEMOCRACY DEMOCRATIC ELECTIONS DEMOGRAPHIC PRESSURE DEMOGRAPHIC PRESSURES DEPENDENCE DISCRETION DISCRIMINATION DISENGAGEMENT DISPLACEMENT CAMP DUE PROCESS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY ECONOMIC PROGRESS ECONOMIC PROSPERITY ECONOMIC TRANSITION EDUCATIONAL INEQUALITY ELECTION ELECTIONS ETHICS ETHNIC CLEANSING ETHNIC DISCRIMINATION ETHNIC GROUP ETHNIC GROUPS EXCOMBATANTS EXPLOITATION FAMILY UNIT FIGHTING FOREIGN EXCHANGE FOREIGN INVESTMENT FREE MEDIA FREEDOM OF SPEECH FREEDOM OF THE PRESS FUNDAMENTAL HUMAN RIGHTS GENOCIDE GENOCIDES GRAVE GUERRILLA HIGH POPULATION GROWTH HOST COUNTRIES HUMAN DEVELOPMENT HUMAN RIGHTS HUMAN RIGHTS ORGANIZATIONS HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE ILLITERACY IMF INCOME INCOME INEQUALITY INDEPENDENT MEDIA INDIVIDUAL WELFARE INEQUITABLE DISTRIBUTION INTEGRITY INTERNATIONAL ACTION INTERNATIONAL BORDERS INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY INTERNATIONAL MEDIATION INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS INTERNATIONAL STUDIES INVESTIGATION JOURNALISTS JUDICIAL SYSTEM JUDICIARY JUSTICE LAWS LEADERSHIP LIMITED RESOURCES LIVING CONDITIONS LOCAL AUTHORITIES LOCAL COMMUNITIES LOCAL COMMUNITY LOYALISTS MASS VIOLENCE MEDIA MEETINGS MIDDLE INCOME COUNTRY MILITARY EXPENDITURES MILITIA MINISTER MINISTERS MINORITY MONOPOLY NATIONAL DIALOGUE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS NATIONAL LEVEL NATIONAL SECURITY NATIONALISMS NATIONS NATURAL RESOURCES NEGOTIATED SETTLEMENT NEO OBSERVER ORPHANS PARTICIPATORY PLANNING PEACE PERSONAL FREEDOM POLARIZATION POLICE POLICE FORCE POLITICAL CHANGE POLITICAL ISSUES POLITICAL OPPONENTS POLITICAL OPPORTUNITY POLITICAL OPPOSITION POLITICAL PARTICIPATION POLITICAL PARTIES POLITICAL PARTY POLITICAL PLURALISM POLITICAL POWER POLITICAL REFORMS POLITICAL RIGHTS POLITICIANS POPULATION CENSUS POPULATION DENSITY POST-CONFLICT RECONSTRUCTION POST-CONFLICT SETTING POSTCONFLICT RECONSTRUCTION PREFERENTIAL PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS PRESS FREEDOM PRESS RELEASE PRIMARY EDUCATION PRIME MINISTER PRIVATIZATION PROSECUTOR PROSTITUTES PUBLIC DEBATE PUBLIC LIFE PUBLIC SECTOR JOBS PUBLIC SERVICE PUBLIC SERVICES PUBLIC SPHERE RADIO RADIO STATIONS REBEL RECONCILIATION RECONSTRUCTION REFUGEE REFUGEE CAMPS REFUGEES REPRESENTATIVES REPRESSION RESOURCE ALLOCATION RESPECT RESTITUTION RETURNEES REVOLUTION RIGHTS ORGANIZATIONS ROAD RULE OF LAW RULING PARTY RURAL AREAS RURAL POVERTY SAFE HAVEN SECONDARY EDUCATION SECONDARY ENROLMENT SECURITY THREAT SEXUAL VIOLENCE SMALLHOLDERS SOCIAL CHANGE SOCIAL COHESION SOCIAL CONSEQUENCES SOCIAL CONTROL SOCIAL GROUPS SOCIAL PROGRAMS SOCIAL TRANSFORMATION SOLDIERS SPILLOVER SPOUSES STATE POLICIES TELEPHONES TELEVISION TELEVISION STATIONS TERTIARY EDUCATION TERTIARY LEVELS TOLERANCE TRANSPARENCY TRANSPORTATION TRAUMA UNDP UNEQUAL DISTRIBUTION VICTIMS VIOLENCE VULNERABLE GROUPS WAR CRIMES WEAPONS WORLD DEVELOPMENT YOUTH YOUTH COUNCIL
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Rwanda
2017-06-21T21:24:18Z | 2017-06-21T21:24:18Z | 2011-04

This report aims to assess the steps taken during Rwanda's transition following the genocide against the objective of the long-term durability of domestic peace. Its principal conclusion is that peace is most likely to endure if Rwanda's political space is gradually opened up to allow: (i) Rwanda's formal state institutions to establish greater autonomy from the current regime; and (ii) Rwandan political and civil society, its political opposition and media in particular, to evolve as mature and independent counterweights to the ruling party. Incremental political liberalization will encourage an important shift in Rwanda's political culture to one which encouraged accountability for the subordination of institutional rules to personal, party, or ethnic interests. It falls on the regime to show the way forward to Rwanda's civil and political society by demonstrating its tolerance for genuine political pluralism, dissent, and inclusion. It is in the regime's long-term strategic self-interest to encourage such a change in political culture and increase its legitimacy in order to discourage attempts to bring about regime change extra-constitutionally.

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