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Initial Market Assessment : Country Scoping Note--Tanzania

RISKS EQUIPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH EARLY WARNING AGRICULTURAL CREDIT RISK REDUCTION FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT FARMER MANMADE DISASTERS INCOME INTEREST LIFE INSURANCE PUBLIC INVESTMENTS CREDIT AVAILABILITY GUARANTEES EXCHANGE FINANCIAL RESOURCES PORTFOLIO INSURANCE POLICIES INSURANCE SOLUTIONS MODELS DISASTER GOVERNMENT ASSETS PRICE CASH TRANSFER MARKET INFRASTRUCTURE INSURANCE RISK VOLCANIC DISASTERS REGULATORY AUTHORITY INTERNATIONAL BANK DISASTER EVENTS RELIEF SUPPLY RURAL BANKS INSTRUMENTS INSURANCE MARKET BUDGET CATASTROPHE INSURANCE CROP INSURANCE INTERNATIONAL FINANCE MORTGAGES LEVEL OF RISK RELIEF NATURAL DISASTER DISBURSEMENT FEASIBILITY INSURANCE MARKETS INSURANCE PRODUCT ACCESS TO INSURANCE FLOODS PRICE VOLATILITY OPTIONS EMERGENCIES NATURAL DISASTERS FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS MARKETS LOCAL GOVERNMENT INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT DISASTERS DISASTER COMMUNICATION INSURERS LENDERS FIRE FARMERS RESERVES FINANCE BROKER PUBLIC INVESTMENT BROKERS BANKS MICRO-CREDIT REINSURANCE MORTALITY RISK DROUGHTS EMERGENCY EARTHQUAKE RURAL COMMUNITIES FOOD SECURITY ECONOMIC COSTS MICRO- INSURANCE POLICIES DISASTER RISK CLIMATE CHANGE DROUGHT VALUE MOBILE PHONE POLICY MAKERS BANK LOCAL MARKET DISASTER RISK FINANCING BUDGETS AGRICULTURAL INSURANCE CLIMATE DEMAND MICROINSURANCE SAFETY NET BAILOUTS CONSUMER PRICE DAMAGE INTERNATIONAL REINSURANCE PROPERTY BIDS INSURANCE INDUSTRY DISASTER PREPAREDNESS MICRO-INSURANCE DISASTER MANAGEMENT BALANCE SHEET MARKET FLOOD CREDIT GUARANTEE POLICY SOLVENCY INSURANCE SOCIAL CAPITAL MICROFINANCE SUBSISTENCE FARMERS MARKET SHARE SECURITY INVESTMENT CREDIT GUARANTEES RISK SHARE BALANCE SHEETS POVERTY TREATY ALLOCATION FINANCIAL CAPACITY SUPPLY INSURANCE SECTOR DISASTER RISK REDUCTION EXTERNAL SHOCKS INVESTMENTS RISK MANAGEMENT CONSUMER PRICE INDEX LENDING EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS EPIDEMIOLOGY INSURANCE COMPANIES PRICE INDEX FINANCIAL SECTOR SAFETY INSURANCE PENETRATION ERUPTIONS INTERNATIONAL MARKETS PRICES GUARANTEE RISK ASSESSMENT REINSURER RISK ANALYSIS
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Washington, DC
Africa | Tanzania
2015-08-17T15:59:25Z | 2015-08-17T15:59:25Z | 2013-09-22

Catastrophe exposure in Tanzania is limited and the key perils are drought and flood. These events have minimal impact on GDP but severe impacts on individuals in the agriculture sector, increasing their vulnerability. Thus, while there are merits to developing the agriculture insurance market in Tanzania, less of a case can be made to develop the catastrophe insurance market. Engagement in Tanzania to develop private sector catastrophe risk and agriculture insurance should be seen as a medium to long term engagement. Banking penetration is low, as is insurance and micro-insurance penetration, even when compared to regional countries. In addition, the insurance industry has struggled in recent years with profitability, indicating that insurance technical capacity within the country may be limited. There are low levels of local reinsurance capacity, with the majority of risks being reinsured off-shore. Thus development of catastrophe and agriculture insurance in Tanzania shall involve a multi-year engagement. Initially it is of paramount importance that insurance companies can manage insurance risk correctly (before beginning to think about adding covariate risks to their balance sheets). Expansion of disaster risk insurance into Tanzania could be seen as a second phase of an engagement looking to develop these markets in Eastern Africa, with Kenya targeted in the first phase. Given the comparative advantages of engaging in Kenya (see Kenya note), a potential course of action would be to use Kenya as a demonstration case in east Africa to spark interest in the Government for development of catastrophe and agriculture insurance markets. Using Kenya as a model example, lessons learnt can be applied in Tanzania to look to stimulate the catastrophe and agriculture insurance market. This strategy will also leverage private sector insurance companies that have headquarters in Kenya and field offices in Tanzania (Jubilee for example).

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