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Economic & Sector Work :: Other Infrastructure Study

Water Supply and Sanitation in Kenya : Turning Finance into Services for 2015 and Beyond

ACCESS TO SANITATION ACCOUNTABILITY STRUCTURES BILATERAL AGENCIES BILATERAL AGREEMENTS BOREHOLES BULK SUPPLY COMMUNITY MANAGEMENT COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION COMMUNITY PROJECTS COST RECOVERY COVERING DAMS DISTRIBUTION OF WATER DRAIN DRINKING WATER ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION FINANCIAL VIABILITY GROUNDWATER HIGH LEVELS HOUSEHOLD CONNECTIONS HOUSEHOLDS HYGIENE HYGIENE EDUCATION HYGIENE PROMOTION INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT INVESTMENT DECISIONS INVESTMENT PLANNING INVESTMENT PROGRAM INVESTMENT REQUIREMENTS IRRIGATION LATRINES LEASE FEE LOCAL AUTHORITIES LOCAL ENTREPRENEURS LOCAL WATER MAINTENANCE COSTS MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS MUNICIPAL PROVIDERS NATIONAL WATER NONREVENUE WATER OPEN DEFECATION OWNERSHIP OF ASSETS PERFORMANCE CONTRACT PERFORMANCE CONTRACTS PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENTS PERFORMANCE INDICATORS PIPED WATER PIPELINE POOR WATER SERVICES POPULATION GROWTH PRESSURE PROVISION OF WATER PUBLIC HEALTH PUBLIC SANITATION QUALITY STANDARDS RAW WATER RURAL SANITATION RURAL WATER RURAL WATER SUPPLY RURAL WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS SAFE SANITATION SANITATION COVERAGE SANITATION INVESTMENT SANITATION PROGRAM SANITATION PROMOTION SANITATION SECTOR SANITATION SERVICE SANITATION SERVICE DELIVERY SANITATION SERVICES SANITATION WATER SANITATION WATER SUPPLY SERVICE DELIVERY SERVICE DEVELOPMENT SEWERAGE SEWERAGE ASSETS SEWERAGE CONNECTIONS SMALL TOWN SMALL TOWN SCHEMES SMALL TOWNS SPARE PARTS SUPPLY WATER SUSTAINABLE SERVICES TARIFF REGULATION TARIFF STRUCTURE TOILET TOILET FACILITIES TRANSFER SCHEMES TRANSMISSION MAINS TREATMENT PLANTS URBAN AREAS URBAN COMMUNITIES URBAN GROWTH URBAN SANITATION URBAN SERVICES URBAN WASTEWATER URBAN WATER URBAN WATER SUPPLY URBAN WATER SUPPLY COVERAGE URBAN WATER SUPPLY SERVICE DELIVERY USERS UTILITIES WASTEWATER WASTEWATER TREATMENT WATER AVAILABILITY WATER CONSERVATION WATER POINTS WATER POLICY WATER PROJECTS WATER QUALITY WATER RESOURCE WATER RESOURCE MANAGEMENT WATER RESOURCES WATER SECTOR WATER SERVICE WATER SERVICE PROVIDERS WATER SERVICES WATER SHORTAGE WATER SOURCES WATER STORAGE WATER SUPPLIES WATER SUPPLY WATER SUPPLY SERVICE WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS WATER SYSTEMS WATER TRANSFER
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World Bank, Nairobi
Africa | Kenya
2013-03-25T15:28:46Z | 2013-03-25T15:28:46Z | 2011

The architecture of the water supply and sanitation subsectors in Kenya has undergone significant change in the last decade, in response to a slow deterioration of urban services through the 1980s and '90s. Initiated with a new water act in 2002, significant policy revision and restructuring of institutional roles is still ongoing and will need to be aligned with the new Constitution of Kenya 2010. Most of the reform emphasis has been in the water supply subsectors, especially urban, but sanitation is now regaining emphasis with a new policy published in 2007 and a strategy and investment plan in development. These reforms of the enabling environment are beginning to yield impacts in the coverage and quality of services. Kenya's challenge is to finalize the reform of enabling aspects such as strategies and investment plans, further clarifying roles and responsibilities, at the same time as significantly scaling up resources and systems for implementing the development of new services on the ground. Finally, in terms of checks and balances, while the monitoring and evaluation architecture is elaborate, greater use of the findings captured by information systems and reports is needed to drive performance improvements. The African Ministers Council on Water (AMCOW) Second Country Status Overview (CSO2) has been produced in collaboration with the Government of Kenya and other stakeholders.

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