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Agriculture and Trade Opportunities for Tanzania : Past Volatility and Future Climate Change

ADVERSE CLIMATE AGGREGATE DEMAND AGGREGATE LEVEL AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AGRICULTURAL TRADE ALLOCATION ANNUAL PRECIPITATION ATMOSPHERIC CARBON ATMOSPHERIC CARBON DIOXIDE ATMOSPHERIC CARBON DIOXIDE CONCENTRATIONS BENCHMARK BENCHMARKING CHANGES IN PRICES CLIMATE CLIMATE CHANGE CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION CLIMATE CHANGE ANALYSIS CLIMATE CHANGE DETECTION CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS CLIMATE CHANGE RESEARCH CLIMATE CONDITIONS CLIMATE EFFECTS CLIMATE EXTREMES CLIMATE IMPACTS CLIMATE MODELING CLIMATE MODELS CLIMATE OUTCOMES CLIMATE POLICY CLIMATE PREDICTIONS CLIMATE SHOCK CLIMATE SYSTEM CLIMATES CLIMATIC CHANGE CO CO2 COMMODITY MARKETS CONSTANT ELASTICITIES CONSTANT RETURNS TO SCALE CONSUMER PREFERENCES CONSUMERS DAMAGES DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS DEVELOPMENT POLICY DISTRIBUTIONAL IMPLICATIONS DOMESTIC PRICE DOMESTIC PRODUCTION DROUGHT ECONOMIC ANALYSIS ECONOMIC BENEFITS ECONOMIC CONDITIONS ECONOMIC IMPACTS ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF CLIMATE ECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS ELASTICITY ELASTICITY OF SUBSTITUTION EMISSIONS EMISSIONS SCENARIOS EXCESS DEMAND EXCESS SUPPLY EXPORT BANS EXPORT GROWTH EXPORT PARITY EXPORT PERMITS EXPORT RESTRICTIONS EXPORT TAX EXPORT VALUE EXPORTS EXTREME CLIMATE EVENTS EXTREME DRY EXTREME EVENTS EXTREME HEAT FREE TRADE FUTURE CLIMATE CHANGE GCM GDP GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM GLOBAL CLIMATE GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE POLICY GLOBAL CLIMATE MODEL GLOBAL CLIMATE MODEL SIMULATIONS GLOBAL MEAN TEMPERATURE GLOBAL MEAN TEMPERATURE CHANGE GLOBAL TEMPERATURE GLOBAL TRADE GLOBAL WARMING GREENHOUSE GREENHOUSE FORCING GREENHOUSE GAS GREENHOUSE GAS CONCENTRATIONS GROWTH RATE HIGH TEMPERATURES HURRICANE HURRICANE FREQUENCY IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE IMPORT PARITY IMPORT PRICE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS IMPORT SHARE IMPORTS INCOME INTERGOVERNMENTAL PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE INTERNATIONAL PRODUCTION INTERNATIONAL TRADE IPCC LAND USE LOWER PRICES MULTILATERAL TRADE NEGATIVE IMPACTS NEGATIVE IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE OPEN ECONOMY PERFECT COMPETITION POLICY RESPONSE POTENTIAL OUTPUT PP PRECIPITATION PRICE DECLINES PRICE EFFECT PRICE INCREASE PRICE INCREASES PRICE VOLATILITY PRODUCTIVITY RAIN REGIONAL CLIMATE REGIONAL CLIMATE PROJECTIONS RELATIVE PRICES RESOURCE ECONOMICS SCENARIOS SEASONAL PRECIPITATION SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE SUBSTITUTION SUBSTITUTION EFFECT SURFACE TEMPERATURE TEMPERATURE TEMPERATURE CHANGE TEMPERATURE EFFECTS TEMPERATURE RISES TOTAL OUTPUT TRADE AGREEMENTS TRADE BARRIERS TRADE DATA TRADE DISCIPLINES TRADE FACILITATION TRADE INTEGRATION TRADE LIBERALIZATION TRADE MODEL TRADE POLICIES TRADE POLICY TRADE POLICY ENVIRONMENT TRADE REGIME TRADE REGIMES TRADE RESTRICTIONS TRADING PARTNERS UNCERTAINTIES WAGES WORLD TRADE WTO
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Tanzania
2012-12-07T23:13:56Z | 2012-12-07T23:13:56Z | 2012-07

Given global heterogeneity in climate-induced agricultural variability, Tanzania has the potential to substantially increase its maize exports to other countries. If global maize production is lower than usual due to supply shocks in major exporting regions, Tanzania may be able to export more maize at higher prices, even if it also experiences below-trend productivity. Diverse destinations for exports can allow for enhanced trading opportunities when negative supply shocks affect the partners' usual import sources. Future climate predictions suggest that some of Tanzania's trading partners will experience severe dry conditions that may reduce agricultural production in years when Tanzania is only mildly affected. Tanzania could thus export grain to countries as climate change increases the likelihood of severe precipitation deficits in other countries while simultaneously decreasing the likelihood of severe precipitation deficits in Tanzania. Trade restrictions, like export bans, prevent Tanzania from taking advantage of these opportunities, foregoing significant economic benefits.

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