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Economic & Sector Work :: Development Policy Review (DPR)

Yemen - Development Policy Review

ACCESS TO EDUCATION ADULT EDUCATION ADULT LITERACY ARMED CONFLICT BASIC EDUCATION BASIC SOCIAL SERVICES BOTH SEXES BULLETIN BUREAUCRATIC QUALITY CERTIFIED MIDWIFE CHILD MORTALITY CHILDREN PER WOMAN CITIZENS CIVIL SOCIETY CIVIL WAR CONTRACEPTIVE PREVALENCE CONTRACEPTIVE USE CORRUPTION CRIME DEMOCRACY DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTIONS DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS DEPENDENCY RATIO DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE DEVELOPMENT POLICY DISCRIMINATION DROPOUT EARLY MARRIAGE ECONOMIC ACTIVITY ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC POLICIES ECONOMIC REFORMS EDUCATED WOMEN EDUCATION OF GIRLS EFFECTIVE GOVERNANCE ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES FAMILY HEALTH FAMILY PLANNING FEMALE ADULT ILLITERACY FEMALE LITERACY FERTILITY FERTILITY CONTROL FERTILITY DECLINE FERTILITY RATE FIGHTING CORRUPTION FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT FOREIGN AID FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT FOREIGN EXCHANGE FOREIGN POLICY GENDER GAP GENDER INEQUALITIES GENDER INEQUALITY GENDER PARITY GOOD GOVERNANCE GOVERNANCE COMPONENTS GOVERNANCE INDICATORS GOVERNANCE INSTITUTIONS GOVERNANCE PROBLEMS GOVERNANCE QUALITY GOVERNMENT AGENCIES GOVERNMENT EFFECTIVENESS GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROUNDWATER GROWTH RATE HEALTH CARE HEALTH CARE SYSTEM HEALTH POLICIES HEALTH SECTOR HEALTH SERVICES HIGH POPULATION GROWTH HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS HUMAN DEVELOPMENT ILLNESSES IMMUNIZATIONS INCIDENCE OF POVERTY INEQUITIES INFANT INFANT MORTALITY INFANT MORTALITY RATE INFECTIOUS DISEASES INFORMATION CAMPAIGNS INFORMATION SYSTEM INSTITUTIONAL QUALITY INSTITUTIONAL REFORMS INTERNAL CONFLICTS INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT INTERNATIONAL LEVELS INVESTMENT CLIMATE JUDICIAL INDEPENDENCE KINSHIP LABOR FORCE LAND TENURE LEGAL SYSTEMS LIFE EXPECTANCY LIMITED RESOURCES LIVE BIRTHS LOCAL BUSINESS LOCAL DEVELOPMENT LOWER BIRTH RATES MACROECONOMIC MANAGEMENT MACROECONOMIC STABILITY MACROECONOMIC STABILIZATION MALARIA MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS MATERNAL HEALTH MATERNAL MORTALITY MATERNAL MORTALITY RATE MIGRANT MIGRANT WORKERS MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS MINISTRY OF EDUCATION MINISTRY OF POPULATION MODERNIZATION NATIONAL POPULATION NATIONAL POPULATION COUNCIL NATIONAL POPULATION POLICY NATIONAL STRATEGY NATURAL RESOURCE NATURAL RESOURCES NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS ORAL REHYDRATION SOLUTION PARLIAMENTARY SEATS PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN PEACE PER CAPITA INCOME POLITICAL COMMITMENT POLITICAL ECONOMY POLITICAL FREEDOMS POLITICAL INSTABILITY POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS POLITICAL LEADERSHIP POLITICAL PARTIES POLITICAL POWER POLITICAL RIGHTS POLITICAL SUPPORT POOR GOVERNANCE POOR PEOPLE POPULATION ACTION POPULATION POLICIES POPULATION POLICY POVERTY REDUCTION POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY PREGNANCIES PREGNANCY PROGRESS PROPERTY RIGHTS PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY PUBLIC GOVERNANCE PUBLIC HEALTH PUBLIC POLICY PUBLIC SECTOR MANAGEMENT PUBLIC SERVICE PUBLIC SERVICES REDUCING MATERNAL MORTALITY REGULATORY QUALITY REGULATORY REGIMES RELIGIOUS INSTITUTIONS REMITTANCE REMITTANCES REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH CARE RESOURCE DEPLETION RULE OF LAW RURAL AREAS RURAL GIRLS RURAL GROWTH RURAL POVERTY SAFE DRINKING WATER SANITATION SCARCE RESOURCES SCHOOL AGE SECONDARY EDUCATION SECONDARY SCHOOL SERVICE DELIVERY SERVICE DELIVERY POINTS SLOWING POPULATION GROWTH SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL OUTCOMES SOCIAL POLICIES SOCIAL PROGRESS SPILLOVER SUSTAINABLE ACCESS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT TAX REVENUES TRADITIONAL LIVELIHOOD TRANSPARENCY TUBERCULOSIS UNEMPLOYMENT UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATION URBAN AREAS URBAN CENTERS URBAN POVERTY URBANIZATION WATER RESOURCES WOMAN WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION YOUNG MEN YOUNG WOMEN YOUTH
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Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | Yemen, Republic of
2012-06-14T16:41:52Z | 2012-06-14T16:41:52Z | 2008-04

Yemen is the second poorest country in the Middle East and North Africa region, with 42 percent of its population counted as poor in 1998. GDP has stagnated at around US$530 per capita in real terms since 2002. Unemployment, estimated at 11.5 percent in 1999, is expected to have worsened as the population has climbed at 3 percent a year and the labor force has burgeoned. Extreme gender inequalities persist. Malnutrition is so severe that Yemeni children suffer the world's second worst stunting in growth. And natural resources are increasingly constrained. Two-thirds of Yemen's known oil reserves were depleted by 2003, and production has already begun to decline and will plummet by 2012 if no new reserves are discovered. Freshwater is also increasingly scarce: per capita availability in Yemen is about 2 percent of the world average and projected to diminish by a third in the next 20 years because of the expected increase in population. Compounding these economic, social, and resource problems are Yemen's policy and institutional failings, which have prompted donors to cut aid. Yemen received a meager US$13 in development assistance per capita in 2004. In 2005, the Development Assistance Committee cut International Development Association (IDA) 14 (2006-08) allocations to Yemen by nearly a third, and the U.S. government's Millennium Challenge Corporation suspended Yemen's eligibility for assistance because of its worsening corruption, regulatory quality, and fiscal policies. The main challenges to Yemen's growth are the impending rapid decline in oil revenues, the weak capacity of governance institutions, the pressures of high population growth, and the worsening scarcity of freshwater. The country has yet to come to grips with the imminent oil decline and its consequences. The Government is concerned about governance problems and is recently attempting to speed up reforms. The last two challenges-high population growth and water crisis- are long recognized by the government, but reforms have been slow.

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