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Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note

Arab Republic of Egypt - Inequality of Opportunity in Access to Basic Services among Egyptian Children

ACCESS TO EDUCATION ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS TO HEALTH SERVICES ACCESS TO HEALTHCARE ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME ACUTE MALNUTRITION ADEQUATE NUTRITION AGED ANEMIA ANTENATAL CARE ARI BASIC EDUCATION BASIC INFRASTRUCTURE BASIC SOCIAL SERVICES BIRTH ATTENDANTS BIRTHS CHILD DEVELOPMENT CHILD HEALTH CHILD MALNUTRITION CHILD MORTALITY CHRONIC MALNUTRITION COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT COMPLICATIONS COMPULSORY PRIMARY EDUCATION CYCLE OF POVERTY DELIVERY CARE DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DEVELOPMENT INTERVENTIONS DEVELOPMENT OF POLICIES DIABETES DIARRHEA DIARRHEAL DISEASES DIPHTHERIA DISADVANTAGED CHILDREN DISADVANTAGED GROUPS DRINKING WATER DROPOUT DROPOUT RATES EARLY CHILD DEVELOPMENT EARLY CHILDHOOD EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT EARLY CHILDHOOD INTERVENTIONS EARLY EDUCATION EARLY INTERVENTIONS ECONOMIC GROWTH EDUCATION SECTOR EDUCATION VARIABLES EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES EDUCATIONAL OUTCOMES EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT ENROLLMENT ENROLLMENT BY AGE ENROLLMENT RATE ENROLLMENT RATES ENROLMENT GAP ENROLMENT RATES EQUAL ACCESS EQUAL OPPORTUNITY EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY EQUITABLE ACCESS EXTENDED FAMILY FAMILIES FEMALE CIRCUMCISION FERTILITY FORMAL EDUCATION FORMAL SCHOOLING GENDER EQUALITY GENDER EQUALITY IN EDUCATION GENDER GAP GENDER GAPS GIRL CHILD GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT HEALTH CARE HEALTH CARE DURING PREGNANCY HEALTH FACILITIES HEALTH INSURANCE HEALTH OUTCOMES HEALTH SERVICES HEIGHT FOR AGE HEIGHT ­ FOR ­ AGE HEPATITIS C HIV HIV/AIDS HORMONES HOUSEHOLD ASSETS HOUSEHOLD INCOME HOUSEHOLD LEVEL HUMAN CAPITAL HUMAN DEVELOPMENT HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS HYGIENE HYPERTENSION HYPOTHYROIDISM ILLNESS IMMUNIZATION IMMUNIZATIONS IMMUNODEFICIENCY INCOME INEQUALITY INDEXES INEQUITIES INFANT INFANT DEATH INFANT HEALTH INFANTS INFECTION INFECTIOUS DISEASES INFLUENZA INTERNATIONAL COMPARISONS INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INVESTMENTS IN EDUCATION IODINE IODINE DEFICIENCY IRON IRON SUPPLEMENTS LABOR MARKET LEVELS OF EDUCATION LITERACY LOW ENROLMENT RATES MAJORITY OF CHILDREN MARRIED WOMEN MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH MATERNAL HEALTH MEASLES MEDICAL TREATMENT MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS MINISTRY OF EDUCATION MINISTRY OF HEALTH MORTALITY MORTALITY RATE MOTHER NATIONAL COUNCIL NEWBORN NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS NUMERACY NUTRITION NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCIES NUTRITIONAL STATUS OBESITY OLD CHILDREN OLDER AGE GROUPS PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT PHYSICAL GROWTH POLICY IMPLICATIONS POLICY MAKERS POLIO POLITICAL PARTIES POOR CHILDREN POOR HEALTH POOR NUTRITION POPULATION CENSUS POPULATION GROWTH RATES POPULATION SIZE POSTNATAL CARE PREGNANCIES PREGNANCY PREGNANT WOMEN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN PRIMARY EDUCATION PRIMARY SCHOOL PRODUCTIVITY PROGRESS PUBLIC EDUCATION PUBLIC HEALTH PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICES PUBLIC SERVICES PURCHASING POWER PURCHASING POWER PARITY QUALITY CONTROL QUALITY OF HEALTH CARE RAPID POPULATION GROWTH RATIO OF GIRLS TO BOYS IN PRIMARY READING RESPECT RISK FACTORS RISK OF DEATH RISK OF EXPOSURE RISK OF ILLNESS RURAL AREAS RURAL GIRLS SAME SEX SANITATION SCHOOL AGE SCHOOL ENROLMENT SCHOOLING SCREENING SECONDARY EDUCATION SECONDARY SCHOOL SECONDARY SCHOOL ENROLMENTS SECONDARY SCHOOL LEVEL SERVICES FOR CHILDREN SIBLINGS SKILLED PERSONNEL SKILLED STAFF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL EXCLUSION SOCIAL JUSTICE SOCIAL NETWORKS SOCIAL SERVICES SOCIAL UNREST STAGES OF LIFE STUNTING TETANUS TRADITIONAL BIRTH ATTENDANTS UNEMPLOYMENT UNIVERSAL ACCESS URBAN AREAS USE OF CONTRACEPTIVES VACCINES VICIOUS CYCLE VITAMIN A VITAMIN A SUPPLEMENTATION WASTING WOMAN WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION YOUNG ADULTS YOUNG CHILDREN YOUTH
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Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | Egypt, Arab Republic of
2013-02-06T21:58:50Z | 2013-02-06T21:58:50Z | 2012-06

Egypt's children and youth, representing more than one-third of the country´s population and its future, face several significant challenges, as shown by higher child poverty rates and unequal access to basic services. The objective of this report is three-fold: (i) to analyze the extent of inequality of opportunity among Egyptian children; (ii) to inform government policy on how success in life is influenced by factors predetermined at birth; and (iii) to identify policies and interventions that may contribute to improving equality of opportunity. The underlying premise is that ensuring equality of opportunity entails leveling the playing field in such a way that every child, regardless of the circumstances of his/her birth, will have an equal chance to succeed in life. This report analyzes the extent of provision of equal access to basic opportunities to all children (including healthcare, education, clean water and sanitation), and identifies the main circumstances that affect it and therefore determine human development outcomes. The analysis in this report builds on the concepts and ideas developed in the World Development Report (WDR). The findings are aimed at supporting debates and discussions, within and outside the Government of Egypt, on the need to ensure equality of opportunity, to contribute to the development of policies and institutions for children and youth, and to provide an improved sense of hope and social justice for the future and help build a more equitable society in the post-Mubarak era. The report is structured as follows: section one presents the background and motivation for the study; section two deals with early risk factors and associated health and education outcomes for children; and section three presents the estimates of inequality of opportunity among children. Details about the data sources and various analyses presented are included in the annexes.

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