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HIV/AIDS, Climate Change and Disaster Management : Challenges for Institutions in Malawi

ABSENTEEISM ACCIDENTS ADEQUATE NUTRITION ADULT POPULATION ADULT PREVALENCE ADULT PREVALENCE RATE AFFECTED COMMUNITIES AGED AIDS EPIDEMIC AIDS PANDEMIC AIDS PATIENT AIDS PREVALENCE ALLIANCE ASPECTS OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT AWARENESS CAMPAIGNS BEHAVIOUR CHANGE BEREAVEMENT BULLETIN CAPACITY BUILDING CASH CROPS CLIMATE CLIMATE CHANGE CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION CLIMATE CONDITIONS CLIMATE FORECASTS CLIMATE HAZARDS CLIMATE SYSTEMS CLINICAL DIAGNOSIS COMMUNICATION EFFORTS DEATH RATE DEMAND FOR SERVICES DEPENDANTS DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DISABILITY DISASTER MANAGEMENT DISASTER MANAGEMENT ACTIVITIES DISASTER MANAGERS DISASTER MITIGATION DISASTER MITIGATION MEASURES DISASTER PREPAREDNESS DISASTER PREVENTION DISASTER RELIEF DISASTER RESPONSE DISASTER RISK DISASTER RISK REDUCTION DISASTERS DISEASES DISSEMINATION DRINKING WATER DROUGHT DROUGHTS DRUGS EARLY WARNING EARLY WARNING SYSTEM EARLY WARNINGS ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS EMERGENCIES ENTREPRENEUR ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE EPIDEMIC EQUITABLE ACCESS EXCESS MORTALITY EXTREME EVENTS FAMILIES FAMILY MEMBERS FAMINE FARMER FARMERS FERTILITY FLOODING FLOODS FOOD INSECURITY FOOD SECURITY FOOD SELF-SUFFICIENCY FORESTRY FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE FUNERAL ATTENDANCE FUNERAL COSTS FUNERAL EXPENSES GENDER INEQUALITY GLOBAL AIDS EPIDEMIC GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT GOVERNMENT AGENCIES GROUNDWATER HAILSTORMS HEALTH CARE HEALTH CARE SYSTEM HEALTH POLICY HEALTH SERVICES HIV HIV INFECTION HIV POSITIVE HUMAN CAPACITY HUMAN HEALTH HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE ILLNESS ILLNESSES IMMUNE SYSTEM IMPACT OF AIDS INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY INTERGOVERNMENTAL PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE INTERNATIONAL LABOR ORGANIZATION INTERNATIONAL OBLIGATIONS INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INTERNATIONAL RESPONSE IPCC IRRIGATION IRRIGATION PROJECTS LIVELIHOOD OPPORTUNITIES MALARIA MARKETING MIGRATION MINISTRY OF HEALTH MORBIDITY MORTALITY MORTALITY RATE NATIONAL AIDS NATIONAL AIDS COMMISSION NATIONAL LEVEL NATIONAL LEVELS NATURAL DISASTER NATURAL DISASTERS NATURAL RESOURCES NUMBER OF DEATHS NUTRITION NUTRITIONAL STATUS OLDER MEN OPPORTUNISTIC DISEASES OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS ORPHANS OUTBREAKS PATIENT CARE POLICY ENVIRONMENT POLICY MAKERS POLICY RESEARCH POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER POPULATION MOVEMENTS POVERTY REDUCTION POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY PRACTITIONERS PRECIPITATION PREVALENCE RATE PREVALENCE RATES PREVENTION ACTIVITIES PRIMARY EDUCATION PROGRAMS PROGRESS PUBLIC HEALTH PUBLIC SERVICE QUALITY OF LIFE QUALITY OF SERVICES QUANTITATIVE INDICATORS RAINFALL RAINY SEASON REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH RICHER COUNTRIES RISK REDUCTION RISKY SEXUAL BEHAVIOR RURAL AREAS RURAL COMMUNITIES RURAL DEVELOPMENT RURAL POVERTY SAFETY SAFETY NETS SANITATION SELF-RELIANCE SERVICE DELIVERY SERVICE PROVISION SEX SEXUAL PARTNERS SICK LEAVE SKILLED STAFF SOCIAL SERVICES SOCIAL WELFARE SOIL SOIL CONSERVATION SOIL EROSION STDS SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA SUPPLY SYSTEMS SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC GROWTH TABOO TEMPERATURE THUNDERSTORMS TORNADOES TROPICAL CYCLONES TUBERCULOSIS UNAIDS URBAN CENTERS URBAN DEVELOPMENT VULNERABILITY WATER MANAGEMENT WATER RESOURCES WORKERS WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION YOUNG ADULTS
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Malawi
2012-05-30T19:30:20Z | 2012-05-30T19:30:20Z | 2008-05

Southern African institutions involved in disaster management face two major new threats: the HIV/AIDS pandemic (eroding organizational capacity and increasing vulnerability of the population), and climate change (higher risk of extreme events and disasters). Analyzing the combined effects of these two threats on six disaster-related institutions in Malawi, the authors find evidence of a growing gap between demand for their services and capacity to satisfy that demand. HIV/AIDS leads to staff attrition, high vacancy rates, absenteeism, increased workload and other negative effects enhanced by human resources policies and financial limitations. Many necessary tasks cannot be carried out adequately with constraints such as the 42 percent vacancy rate in the Department of Poverty and Disaster Management Affairs, or the reduction of rainfall stations operated by the Meteorological Service from over 800 in 1988 to just 135 in 2006. The authors highlight implications of declining organizational capacity for climate change adaptation, and formulate recommendations.

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