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Tanzania’s Infrastructure : A Continental Perspective

ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY ACCESS TO SAFE WATER ACCESS TO SERVICES ACCESSIBILITY AIR AIR ROUTES AIR TRAFFIC AIR TRANSPORT SECTOR AIRPORT AIRPORTS APPROACH ARTERY AUDITING AVAILABILITY BALANCE BANDWIDTH BORDER CROSSINGS BORDER TRANSMISSION BOTTLENECKS CABLE CAPITAL EXPENDITURE CAPITAL INVESTMENT CAPITALS CARGO CARGO HANDLING CARGO HANDLING CHARGE CARRIERS CARS CENTRAL GOVERNMENT COLLECTION EFFICIENCY CONCESSION CONGESTION CONTAINER HANDLING CONTAINER TERMINAL CONTAINER TERMINAL CONCESSION COST OF POWER COST OF SERVICE COST RECOVERY COSTS OF POWER COUNTRY COMPARISONS CUBIC METER CUBIC METERS DEFICITS DIESEL DISTRIBUTION LOSSES DOMESTIC AIR TRANSPORT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC REGULATION ECONOMIC VIABILITY EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENT ELECTRIC ENERGY ELECTRICITY ELECTRIFICATION EMPLOYMENT ENERGY RESOURCES EXCISE TAX FINANCIAL DATA FINANCIAL EQUILIBRIUM FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE INDICATORS FREIGHT FREIGHT TRAFFIC FUEL GENERATION GENERATION CAPACITY GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROWTH RATES HEAVY RELIANCE HOUSEHOLDS HYDRO-POWER INCOME DISTRIBUTION INFRASTRUCTURE ASSETS INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT INFRASTRUCTURE FUNDING INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT INFRASTRUCTURE SERVICES INFRASTRUCTURE SPENDING INLAND TRANSPORT INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT INVESTMENT COST KILOWATT HOUR KILOWATT-HOUR KILOWATT-HOURS LOCOMOTIVE MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS MANAGEMENT OF OPERATIONS MARGINAL COST MARGINAL COSTS MONTHLY WATER BILL O&M OPEN ACCESS OPERATIONAL PERFORMANCE PASSENGER TRAFFIC PASSENGERS PERFORMANCE INDICATORS POWER POWER CONSUMPTION POWER COSTS POWER DISTRIBUTION POWER GENERATION POWER GENERATION CAPACITY POWER PRICING POWER SECTOR POWER SECTOR REFORM POWER SECTORS POWER TRADE PRIVATE OPERATOR PRIVATE PARTICIPATION PRODUCTIVITY PROVISION OF WATER PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE PUBLIC PRIVATE INFRASTRUCTURE PUBLIC SECTOR QUALITY OF SERVICE RAIL RAIL CORRIDORS RAIL INFRASTRUCTURE RAIL OPERATORS RAILWAY RAILWAYS RAPID GROWTH IN TRAFFIC RAPID TRAFFIC GROWTH REGULATORY AGENCY RETAIL PRICES REVENUE COLLECTION ROAD ROAD CONNECTIONS ROAD DESIGN ROAD MAINTENANCE ROAD NETWORK ROAD SECTOR ROAD TRAFFIC ROAD USER ROAD USER CHARGES ROAD USERS ROADS ROUTES RUNWAYS SAFETY SANITATION SAVINGS SERVICE IMPROVEMENTS SERVICE PROVISION SURFACE WATER TARIFF ADJUSTMENTS TARIFF REFORMS TAX TERMINAL OPERATIONS TOWN TRAFFIC TRAFFIC DENSITY TRAFFIC FLOWS TRANSPORT INDUSTRY TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSPORT MARKET TRANSPORT POLICY TRANSPORT QUALITY TRANSPORT SECTOR TRANSPORTATION TRUCK PROCESSING URBAN AREAS URBAN TRANSPORT URBAN WATER URBAN WATER SUPPLY UTILITIES UTILITY BILLS WATER CONSUMPTION WATER POLICY WATER RESOURCE WATER RESOURCE MANAGEMENT WATER RESOURCES WATER SECTOR WATER SECTOR DEVELOPMENT WATER SECTOR REFORM WATER SOURCE WATER SUPPLY WATER SUPPLY SECTOR WATER TARIFFS WATER UTILITIES WELLS WIND WIND RESOURCES
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Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | East Africa | Tanzania
2012-03-19T17:29:02Z | 2012-03-19T17:29:02Z | 2012-02-01

Infrastructure contributed 1.3 percentage points to Tanzania's annual per capital GDP growth during the 2000s. If the country's infrastructure endowment were improved to the level of the African leader, Mauritius, annual per capita growth rates could increase by 3.4 percent. Tanzania has made great progress in reforming its trunk roads, improving the quality of the road network. The country has also seen significant gains in ICT networks, and has one of the most competitive domestic air transport sectors in Africa. The power sector poses Tanzania's most serious infrastructure challenge. Despite significant improvements in pricing and operational performance in recent years, inefficiency still absorbs about 1.4 percent of GDP. Moreover, due to heavy reliance on hydro-power the sector remains vulnerable to climate variability. The port of Dar es Salaam also suffers from performance problems as rapid traffic growth has increasingly exposed deficiencies in storage and access to the port. Poor access to safe water is another challenge, exacerbated by poor budget execution in the sector. Tanzania would need to invest $2.4 billion annually for 10 years to meet its infrastructure targets. Spending at that level would absorb just over 20 percent of the country's GDP. Existing spending stands at $1.2 billion a year. Tanzania loses $0.5 billion each year to inefficiencies such as underpricing, undercollection of revenue, overstaffing, and lack of budget prioritization. But even if inefficiencies could be fully captured, an annual funding gap of $0.7 billion would remain. That gap could be shrunk to $0.4 billion if lower-cost technologies were adopted and if regional power trade could be further developed.

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