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Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper

Civil Conflict and Firm Performance : Evidence from Cote d'Ivoire

ACCOUNTING AGRICULTURE ARMED CONFLICT ARMED CONFLICTS ASSETS ATTRITION BASE YEAR BATTLE BOUNDARIES BUSINESSES CAPITAL INVESTMENT CIVIL WAR CIVIL WARS COLLECTION OF INFORMATION COMMERCE COMMODITY CONFLICT CONFLICTS CORPORATION COUNTERPARTS CRISES DATA LIMITATIONS DEFLATORS DEMOCRACY DEVALUATION DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS DEVELOPMENT POLICY DOMESTIC WORKERS ECONOMETRICS ECONOMIC COSTS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC FLUCTUATIONS ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC OUTLOOK ECONOMIC RECOVERY ECONOMIC RESEARCH ELECTIONS ELECTRICITY EMPLOYMENT EMPLOYMENT GROWTH ENTERPRISE SECTORS ENTERPRISE SURVEYS EQUIPMENT EXPECTED RETURNS EXPORTS FIGHTING FINANCIAL CONSTRAINTS FINANCIAL CRISIS FINANCIAL SERVICES FIRM SIZE FIRMS FIXED COSTS FOREIGN AID FOREIGN INVESTMENT FOREIGN INVESTMENTS FOREIGN LABOR FOREIGN WORKERS FOREIGNER FOREIGNERS FUTURE RESEARCH GDP GDP PER CAPITA HUMAN CAPITAL IMF IMPERFECT SUBSTITUTES INCOME INFORMATION NETWORKS INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS INTERNATIONAL BANK INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS INTERNATIONAL MARKETS INTERNATIONAL NEGOTIATIONS JOB CREATION LABOR ADJUSTMENT COSTS LABOR PRODUCTIVITY LABOR SUPPLY LABOR VALUE MACROECONOMIC SHOCKS MANUFACTURING MANUFACTURING ESTABLISHMENTS MARGINAL COST MARGINAL PRODUCT MARKET RESEARCH MARKET SHARES MASSACRES MATERIAL MISSING DATA MISSING VALUES NATIONALISM NATIONS OBSERVERS OPEN ACCESS OPERATING ENVIRONMENTS OPPORTUNITY COSTS PARTY PEACE PEACE KEEPING PEACE RESEARCH PHYSICAL LOCATION POLITICAL VIOLENCE POTENTIAL OUTPUT PRIVATE INVESTMENT PRIVATE SECTOR PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT PRIVATE SECTOR FIRMS PRODUCTION FUNCTION PRODUCTION FUNCTIONS PRODUCTIVITY PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH RADIO REBELS RECONCILIATION RECONSTRUCTION RECONSTRUCTION POLICIES RESULT RESULTS ROADS SHAREHOLDERS SKILLED LABOR SMALL FIRMS SOCIAL COHESION SOLDIERS TACTICS TAX REVENUES TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TELECOMMUNICATIONS TERRORISM TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY TOTAL OUTPUT TRADE LIBERALIZATION TRANSMISSION UNDERDEVELOPMENT UNSKILLED LABOR UNSKILLED WORKERS USES VALUE ADDED VIOLENT CONFLICT WAGE RATES WAGES WAR WORLD DEVELOPMENT
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Cote d'Ivoire
2014-02-04T16:37:28Z | 2014-02-04T16:37:28Z | 2013-10

This paper investigates the impact of political instability and civil conflict on firms. It studies the unrest in Cote d'Ivoire that began in 2000, using a census of all registered firms for the years 1998-2003. The analysis uses structural estimates of the production function and exploits spatial variations in conflict intensity to derive the cost of conflict on firms in terms of productivity loss. The results indicate that the conflict led to an average 16-23 percent drop in firm total factor productivity and the decline is 5-10 percentage points larger for firms that are owned by or employing foreigners. These results are consistent with anecdotal evidence of increasing violent attacks and looting of foreigners and their businesses during the conflict. The results suggest increases in operating costs is a possible channel driving this impact. Finally, the paper investigates whether firms responded by hiring fewer foreign workers and finds evidence supporting this hypothesis.

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