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Equality of Opportunity for Children in Egypt, 2000-2009 : Achievements and Challenges

ABSOLUTE POVERTY ACCESS TO OPPORTUNITY ACCESS TO SANITATION ADEQUATE NUTRITION ADOLESCENTS AGE GROUPS ALLOCATION OF RESOURCES BASIC SOCIAL SERVICES BREASTFEEDING CARE FOR CHILDREN CASH TRANSFER PROGRAM CHILD GROWTH CHILD HEALTH CHILD PROTECTION CHILDHOOD ILLNESSES CHRONIC MALNUTRITION CLEAN WATER CONDITIONAL CASH TRANSFERS CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE CRIME CYCLE OF POVERTY DEVELOPMENT POLICY DIET DISABILITIES DISEASES EARLY CHILDHOOD EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION EARLY CHILDHOOD INTERVENTIONS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT EDUCATION INFRASTRUCTURE EDUCATION POLICIES EDUCATION SECTOR EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES EDUCATIONAL SERVICES ELDERLY EMPLOYMENT STATUS ENROLLMENT EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY EQUITABLE ACCESS FAMILY HEALTH FAMILY MEMBERS FORMAL EDUCATION GENERAL EDUCATION GIRLS HEALTH EXPENDITURE HEALTH INSURANCE HEALTH SERVICES HOUSEHOLD INCOME HOUSEHOLD NUMBER HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS HOUSING HUMAN CAPITAL HUMAN DEVELOPMENT ILLNESSES IMMUNIZATION INCOME POVERTY INFANTS INTERREGIONAL CONVERGENCE INVESTMENT IN EDUCATION IRON IRRIGATION LAWS LEVEL OF POVERTY LITERACY LITERACY CLASSES LIVING CONDITIONS LOCAL DEVELOPMENT METROPOLITAN REGION METROPOLITAN REGIONS MOTHER NATAL CARE NATIONAL LEVEL NATIONAL PROJECT NATURAL GAS NEWSLETTER NUMBER OF CHILDREN NUMBER OF PEOPLE NUTRITION NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCIES NUTRITIONAL STATUS OLD CHILDREN PILOT PROJECTS POLICY DISCUSSIONS POLICY RESEARCH POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER POOR CHILDREN POOR FAMILIES POOR HOUSEHOLDS POOR PARENTS POPULATION GROUPS POPULATION SIZE POTABLE WATER POVERTY LINE POVERTY RATE POVERTY RATES POVERTY REDUCTION PRENATAL CARE PRIMARY EDUCATION PRIMARY HEALTHCARE PRIMARY SCHOOLING PRODUCTIVITY PROGRESS PUBLIC EXPENDITURE PUBLIC POLICY QUALITY ASSURANCE QUALITY OF LIFE REGIONAL CONVERGENCE REGIONAL DIFFERENCES REGIONAL GAPS REGIONAL LOCATION REGIONAL RANKING REGIONAL TARGETING REGISTRATION FEES REMOTE AREAS RESOURCE ALLOCATION RURAL AREAS RURAL GAPS SAFETY NET SANITATION SCHOOL ATTENDANCE SCHOOL CHILDREN SCHOOLS SECONDARY EDUCATION SECONDARY SCHOOLING SERVICES FOR CHILDREN SIBLINGS SOCIAL JUSTICE SOCIAL MOBILITY SOCIAL PROGRAMS SOCIAL PROTECTION SPOUSE STUNTING TEACHER RATIO TEACHERS TEEN TEEN PREGNANCY TRANSPORTATION UNIVERSITY EDUCATION URBAN AREAS URBAN POPULATION VACCINATION VACCINES VICIOUS CYCLE VITAMIN A VULNERABLE GROUPS WASTING WELLNESS YOUTH Prenatal care
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | Egypt, Arab Republic of
2012-12-21T20:19:40Z | 2012-12-21T20:19:40Z | 2012-08

This paper provides relevant indicators and measurements useful for public policies seeking the expansion of equitable human development opportunities for Egyptian children and youth. To measure equitable access to opportunities, the authors use the Human Opportunity Index to examine the evolution of 16 basic opportunity indicators grouped in four sectors: education, basic housing services, early childhood development, and nutrition and hunger. The main findings show that during the last decade most opportunities for children and youth improved unambiguously,for the first two sectors, but were stagnant for nutrition and early childhood development opportunities. Although the urban-rural and interregional gaps were partially reduced, there are still substantial opportunity gaps between children in favorable and unfavorable circumstances. Parents' education, income per capita, urban-rural location, number of siblings, and regional location, are the five most important factors affecting equality of opportunity, although their impact varies across indicators.

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