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Manufacturing Export Competitiveness in Kenya : A Policy Note on Revitalizing and Diversifying Kenya's Manufacturing Sector

ACCESS TO MARKETS ACCOUNTING AGGREGATE TRADE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS AGRICULTURAL TRADE AGRICULTURE APPAREL APPAREL EXPORT APPAREL EXPORTS APPAREL PRODUCT APPAREL SECTOR BARRIERS TO ENTRY BENCHMARK BUSINESS CLIMATE BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT BUYERS CAPABILITIES CAPABILITY CAPITAL ACCUMULATION COMMODITY COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE COMPETITION LAWS COMPETITIVE MARKETS COMPETITIVE POSITION COMPETITIVE PRESSURES COMPETITIVENESS COMPETITIVENESS OF FIRMS CONNECTIVITY CONSUMER GOODS COPYRIGHT CREDIT AVAILABILITY CUSTOMS DATA LIMITATIONS DEBT DEBT LEVELS DEFICITS DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DISTRIBUTION NETWORKS DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION DOMESTIC DEMAND DOMESTIC MARKET DOMESTIC MARKETS DOMESTIC PRODUCTION E-MAIL ECONOMIC CRISIS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC OUTLOOK EFFICIENT MARKET ELECTRICITY ENTERPRISE SURVEY ENTERPRISE SURVEYS EQUIPMENT EXCHANGE RATE EXCHANGE RATES EXPORT COMPETITIVENESS EXPORT DIVERSIFICATION EXPORT DYNAMICS EXPORT GROWTH EXPORT MARKET EXPORT MARKET SHARE EXPORT MARKETS EXPORT PERFORMANCE EXPORT PRICES EXPORT SECTOR EXPORT SECTORS EXPORT SHARE EXPORT STRUCTURE EXPORT VALUE EXPORT VOLUMES EXPORTER EXPORTERS FACTOR MARKETS FINAL GOODS FIRM PERFORMANCE FOOD EXPORTS FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT FOREIGN FIRMS FOREIGN INVESTMENT FOREIGN MARKETS FOREIGN TECHNOLOGY GDP GEOGRAPHICAL AREAS GLOBAL INTEGRATION GLOBAL MARKET GLOBAL MARKETS GLOBAL SUPPLY CHAINS GLOBAL TRADE GROSS CAPITAL FORMATION GROWTH PATH GROWTH POTENTIAL GROWTH RATE GROWTH VOLATILITY HUMAN CAPITAL ICT INDUSTRIAL STRUCTURE INFLATION INNOVATION INNOVATIONS INPUT-OUTPUT TABLES INTERMEDIATE GOODS INTERNATIONAL BANK INTERNATIONAL MARKETS INTERNATIONAL TRADE INVESTMENT POLICY INVESTMENT RATES ITC KNOWLEDGE SPILLOVERS LICENSES MAINTENANCE COSTS MANUFACTURING MARKET ACCESS MARKET ANALYSIS MARKET CONCENTRATION MARKET DIVERSIFICATION MARKET ENTRY MARKET PENETRATION MARKET SHARE MARKET SHARES MASS MARKET MATERIAL MEDIUM ENTERPRISES MERCHANDISE MERCHANDISE EXPORTS MICRO-DATA MICRODATA MULTIPLIER EFFECTS NATIONAL ECONOMY NATURAL RESOURCES NETWORKS NEW MARKET NEW MARKETS NEW TECHNOLOGIES OPERATING ENVIRONMENT PER CAPITA INCOME POLICY FORMULATION PORTFOLIO PREFERENTIAL ACCESS PRIMARY GOODS PRIMARY MARKET PRIVATE INVESTMENTS PRIVATE SECTOR PRODUCT CATEGORIES PRODUCT FLOWS PRODUCT QUALITY PRODUCTION PROCESS PRODUCTION PROCESSES PRODUCTIVITY QUERIES REGULATORY CONSTRAINTS RELIABILITY RESULT RESULTS RETAIL RETAIL TRADE RETURN RETURNS RULES OF ORIGIN SALE SALES SEMICONDUCTORS SPECIALIZATION STRUCTURAL CHANGE SUNK COSTS SUPPLY CHAINS SURPLUS SURPLUSES TARGETS TARIFF BARRIERS TECHNICAL STANDARDS TELEPHONE TOTAL OUTPUT TRADE BALANCE TRADE COMPETITIVENESS TRADE DATA TRADE DEFICIT TRADE FLOWS TRADE OUTCOMES TRADE PERFORMANCE TRADE PREFERENCES TRADE REGIME TRADE SECTORS TRANSACTION UNEMPLOYMENT UNEMPLOYMENT RATE UNIT OF LABOR VALUE ADDED VALUE CHAIN VALUE CHAINS VALUE OF EXPORTS VERTICAL INTEGRATION VOLATILITY WAGES WORLD TRADE
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Kenya
2014-02-11T22:12:36Z | 2014-02-11T22:12:36Z | 2013-12-04

This note is a background study to assess policy options to improve competitiveness of Kenya's manufacturing sector, with a specific focus on exports. The focus is on export performance in the manufacturing sector overall and drawing on analysis of four specific manufacturing sectors - apparel, wood furniture, chemicals, and agriculture industries-which are used as examples from which to generalize about wider competitiveness issues in Kenya's manufacturing sector. Kenya's Vision 2030 aspires to achieve middle income status by 2030, which will require sustaining an annual average Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth rate of 10 percent. Restarting the export sector growth engine will be imperative to achieve these targets. In particular, manufacturing exports will be critical because of their impact on growth, employment and economy-wide linkages. Kenya's manufacturing sector exhibits several strengths. Its global share in exports increased over the last 20 years, and it enjoys a strong position with regard to exports to the regional EAC market, particularly in some high value sectors like chemicals and pharmaceuticals. This background note aims to provide the new Government with policy focus and tools to tackle the constraints keeping Kenya from reaching its potential in manufacturing export competitiveness. This note has a specific focus on export performance; it also looks more broadly at the manufacturing sector, including domestic production and sales, where such data is available. As a result, it uses a mix of analytical approaches in the study.

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