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Working Paper

The Improved Biomass Stove Saves Wood, But How Often Do People Use It? : Evidence from a Randomized Treatment Trial in Ethiopia

TRADITIONAL TECHNOLOGY FOREST DEGRADATION DATA PROCESSING BASES TEMPERATURE AIR QUALITY INSTALLATION FOREST MANAGEMENT GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS MATERIALS CARBON INFORMATION DEFORESTATION PRESSURES EMISSIONS MONITORING BIOCHEMISTRY IMPACT ASSESSMENT ATMOSPHERE INCENTIVES FOREST RESTORATION SMOKE GAS INTERNATIONAL FORESTRY RESEARCH GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSION PRICE VERIFICATION AIR GREENHOUSE GAS OPEN ACCESS COMPUTER BLACK CARBON EMISSIONS NETWORK BUILDING BIOMASS AIR POLLUTANTS DATA BASELINE FOREST CO2 FOREST SECTOR AIR POLLUTION EMISSION FACTOR NEGATIVE IMPACT CAPACITY USER GROUP RISK FACTOR GHG FUEL USE MOBILE TELEPHONE PRODUCTIVITY TRAINING MATERIALS DIFFUSION CARBON SEQUESTRATION CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE SURFACE TEMPERATURE FORESTRY MATERIAL TROPICAL REGIONS FOREST LOSS GAS EMISSIONS NATURAL RESOURCES CHEMISTRY ENERGY POLICY FUEL CONSUMPTION CARBON FINANCE FUELS TELEPHONE CARBON EMISSIONS EMISSIONS REDUCTIONS FOREST CARBON USERS TECHNOLOGY EMISSION GREENHOUSE PDF BIOMASS BURNING LEAD CLIMATE CHANGE SOFTWARE CARBON CREDITS FOREST COVER RESULTS BLACK CARBON ELECTRICITY DEFORESTATION CLIMATE NETWORKS FORESTS FOREST CARBON STOCKS MANAGEMENT SYSTEM CLIMATE SYSTEM FOSSIL FUEL EMISSION FACTORS FOREST PARTICULATE GAS EMISSION RISK FACTORS ADMINISTRATION RATES OF DEFORESTATION RESULT USER EXPECTATIONS COMBUSTION EMISSIONS FROM DEFORESTATION NETWORK PARTICULATES ANNUAL GREENHOUSE GAS FOREST BIOMASS FOREST STOCKS PERFORMANCE COAL CARBON STOCKS CARBON MARKET LESS SITES CHLORINE FINANCIAL SUPPORT TECHNICAL SUPPORT USER GROUPS INTERFACE GASES TECHNOLOGIES TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS GLOBAL FORESTS PRICES USES AMBIENT TEMPERATURE BENEFITS E DEVELOPMENT USER LEVELS OF USAGE ENERGY
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Ethiopia
2015-07-16T14:46:54Z | 2015-07-16T14:46:54Z | 2015-06

This paper uses a randomized experimental design and real-time electronic stove use monitors to evaluate the frequency with which villagers use improved biomass-burning Mirt injera cookstoves in rural Ethiopia. Understanding whether, how much, and why improved cookstoves are used is important, because use of the improved stove is a critical determinant of indoor air pollution reductions, and reduced greenhouse gas emissions due to lower fuelwood consumption. Confirming use is, for example, a critical aspect of crediting improved cookstoves’ climate change benefits under the United Nations Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation Programme. The paper finds that Ethiopian households in the study area do use the Mirt stove on a regular basis, taking into account regional differences in cooking patterns. In general, stove users also use their Mirt stoves more frequently over time. Giving the Mirt stove away for free and supporting community-level user networks are estimated to lead to more use. The study found no evidence, however, that stove recipients use the stoves more if they have to pay for them, a hypothesis that frequently arises in policy arenas and has also been examined in the literature.

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