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Estimating the Association Between Women's Earnings and Partner Violence : Evidence from the 2008-2009 Tanzania National Panel Survey

ABUSE ABUSED WOMAN ABUSED WOMEN ADOLESCENT ADOLESCENT FERTILITY ADOLESCENT GIRLS ADOLESCENT WOMEN ALCOHOL ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION ALCOHOL USE BASIC NEEDS BEATING CASH CROPS CHILDHOOD CRIME CRIMINAL DEPRESSION DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DEVELOPMENT POLICIES DOMESTIC VIOLENCE DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN EARLY MARRIAGE ECONOMIC CHANGES ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT ELDERLY EXPOSURE TO VIOLENCE FAMILIES FAMILY FATHER FEMALE FEMALE GENITAL CUTTING FEMALE HEADED HOUSEHOLDS FEMALE POPULATION FERTILITY RATES FGC FIRST SEXUAL EXPERIENCE FORM OF VIOLENCE FORM OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN FORMS OF GENDER FORMS OF VIOLENCE FORMS OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN GENDER GENDER DISPARITY GENDER FOCAL POINT GENDER INEQUALITY GENDER NORMS GENDER RELATIONS GENDER TRAINING GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE GIRLS GROSS NATIONAL INCOME HARASSMENT HEALTH BURDEN HEALTH POLICY HEALTH SERVICE HIV HOME HOUSE HOUSEHOLD DUTIES HOUSEHOLD INCOME HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS HOUSEHOLD WORK HUMAN CAPITAL HUMAN DEVELOPMENT HUSBANDS ILL-HEALTH INFORMAL SECTOR INFORMATION ON WOMEN INTERNATIONAL CENTER FOR RESEARCH ON WOMEN INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE INTIMATE PARTNER LABOR FORCE LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION LABOR MARKET LABOR SUPPLY LAW LIFE EXPECTANCY LIVES OF WOMEN LIVING STANDARDS MARITAL RAPE MARRIAGE MARRIAGE ACT MATERNAL MORTALITY MATERNAL MORTALITY RATIO MEDICINE MENTAL HEALTH MOTHER NATIONAL LEVELS NATIONAL PRIORITY NATIONAL STRATEGY NUMBER OF CHILDREN NUMBER OF WOMEN OFFENSES OLDER WOMEN OPPORTUNITIES FOR WOMEN OWNERSHIP OF LAND PARTNERS PHYSICAL VIOLENCE POLYGAMY POPULATION DIVISION POPULATION ESTIMATES POPULATION GROWTH POPULATION GROWTH RATE POPULATION INFORMATION POPULATION INFORMATION PROGRAM POPULATION SIZE PRIMARY SCHOOL PRIMARY SCHOOL EDUCATION PRODUCTIVITY PROGRESS PROPERTY PROPORTION OF WOMEN PSYCHOLOGICAL ABUSE PUBLIC HEALTH RADIO RAPE RELIGIOUS LEADERS REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH INDICATORS RISK OF VIOLENCE RURAL AREAS RURAL WOMEN SANITATION SELF-ESTEEM SERVICES SEVERE PHYSICAL VIOLENCE SEX SEX TRAFFICKING SEXUAL ASSAULT SEXUAL INTERCOURSE SEXUAL OFFENCES SEXUAL PARTNER SEXUAL VIOLENCE SEXUAL VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN SOCIAL AFFAIRS SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS SOURCE OF DRINKING WATER SPOUSE STATUS OF WOMEN STD TELEVISION UNDP UNEMPLOYMENT UNITED NATIONS URBAN AREAS URBAN WOMEN VICTIMS VIOLENCE VIOLENCE ON WOMEN WHO WIFE WILL WIVES WOMAN WOMEN WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS WOMEN'S HEALTH WOMEN'S STATUS WORK FORCE WORKFORCE WORKING WOMEN WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION YOUNG ADOLESCENT YOUNG ADOLESCENT WOMEN
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Tanzania
2014-01-29T21:57:19Z | 2014-01-29T21:57:19Z | 2013-11

The aim of this study is to explore the relationship between women's labor market outcomes and partner violence among Tanzanian women, and to estimate the difference in women's weekly earnings between women who have been abused and women who have not. In addition, this study estimates the lost earnings to women because of partner violence as a share of Tanzania's gross domestic product. Partner violence is the most common form of violence against women and the adverse consequences for women s health have been well documented. Few studies have estimated the economic costs of partner violence in low- and middle-income countries and current evidence suggests that the cost is large. Using data from the nationally representative 2008-2009 Tanzania National Panel Survey, the study uses propensity score matching methods to estimate the difference in women's earnings from formal waged work and non-agricultural self-employment. Data on women's earnings from agricultural self-employment, the largest employment sector for women in Tanzania, were not collected in the survey. Findings from this study reveal that partner violence is pervasive in Tanzania and that abused women earn less than women who have never been abused, with the greatest loss of earnings experienced by women in formal waged work (compared to women in non-agricultural self-employment) and by women in urban areas (compared to women in rural areas).

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