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Are Women Less Productive Farmers? : How Markets and Risk Affect Fertilizer Use, Productivity, and Measured Gender Effects in Uganda

TROPICAL AGRICULTURE RISKS FARMING SYSTEM ACCOUNTING FERTILIZER PRODUCTION CROP SELECTION FARMER BEANS GENETIC RESOURCES INCOME AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION FARM PRODUCTIVITY AGRICULTURAL PLOTS AGRICULTURAL SECTORS INFORMATION FARM MANAGEMENT FOOD POLICY PLANTING EFFECTS CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH IFPRI AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AGRICULTURAL DATA FAMILY FARMS CIMMYT FARM INCOME IMPACT ON YIELDS INTERCROPPING AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT SAFETY NETS INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE FERTILIZERS SMALL FARMERS KNOWLEDGE MAIZE MAIZE CROP CROPPING SYSTEMS CROP PRODUCTION FARM MANAGERS PRODUCTION SYSTEM AGRICULTURAL MARKETS AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY LABOR RESOURCES SEEDS DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES MAIZE FARMERS PRODUCTIVITY FARM SIZE CROP DIVERSIFICATION NGOS MARKETS MARKETING SEED ORGANIZATIONS INTERNATIONAL MAIZE AND WHEAT IMPROVEMENT CENTER INDICATORS RESEARCH FARMING FOOD SUPPLIES LIVESTOCK EXTENSION HISTORY LABOR FARMERS CROPS PRODUCE LIVESTOCK FARMING FIELD TRIALS FOOD SECURITY WAGES AGRICULTURAL INTENSIFICATION CROP LABOR DEMAND FAMILY EXTENSION SERVICES VALUE GENDER FAMILY LABOR ICRISAT MAIZE YIELDS AGRICULTURAL INVESTMENT CLIMATE FIELDS MAIZE PRODUCTION REPORTS FARMING HOUSEHOLDS CROPPING CROPPING SEASONS AGRICULTURE INCOMES FAO RICE PRODUCTION FERTILIZER APPLICATION FERTILIZER USE OPPORTUNITY COSTS ECONOMICS AGRICULTURAL INPUTS MIXED CROPPING MANAGEMENT CHEMICAL FERTILIZER INSURANCE FISHERIES LAND SCIENTISTS SECURITY GROWING SEASON EDUCATION HUMAN ECOLOGY RISK FARM FARMS BARGAINING ECOLOGY COOPERATIVES AVERAGE YIELDS INNOVATION WHEAT SOILS PROFIT AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY RICE YIELDS LIVELIHOODS GREEN REVOLUTION PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES WOMEN AGRICULTURAL FARMING SYSTEMS FOOD PRICES LABOR MARKETS TECHNOLOGIES OUTCOMES SAFETY RURAL DEVELOPMENT PRICES SEARCH COSTS RAINFED AREAS AGRICULTURAL GOODS POOR HOUSEHOLDS
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Uganda
2015-05-04T20:27:58Z | 2015-05-04T20:27:58Z | 2015-04

African governments and international development groups see boosting productivity on smallholder farms as key to reducing rural poverty and safeguarding the food security of farming and non-farming households. Prompting smallholder farmers to use more fertilizer has been a key tactic. Closing the productivity gap between male and female farmers has been another avenue toward achieving the same goal. The results in this paper suggest the two are related. Fertilizer use and maize yields among smallholder farmers in Uganda are increased by improved access to markets and extension services, and reduced by ex ante risk-mitigating production decisions. Standard ordinary least squares regression results indicate that gender matters as well; however, the measured productivity gap between male and female farmers disappears when gender is included in a list of determinants meant to capture the indirect effects of market and extension access.

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