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Working Paper

The Local Socioeconomic Effects of Gold Mining : Evidence from Ghana

SANITATION ACCESS TO EMPLOYMENT INFANT MORTALITY RATES LIVING STANDARDS CHILD HEALTH ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE EMPLOYMENT LARGE-SCALE MINES MOTIVATION WORKFORCE LOCAL POPULATION ACCOUNTING URBANIZATION PRODUCTION INCOME EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES GOLD MINING MINING SECTOR RESOURCE DEPENDENCE INFORMATION LABOR FORCE SURVIVAL RATE HIGH POPULATION GROWTH DEVELOPING COUNTRIES PRENATAL CARE HEALTH CARE LIFETIME FERTILITY EFFECTS FEMALE EMPLOYMENT POLICY DISCUSSIONS SCALE MINING LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION FEWER HOUSEHOLDS NATIONAL LEVEL GENDER BIAS INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION MINERAL SECTOR RENTS LABOR MARKET POPULATION CENSUS DISEASES PMI LOCAL MINING COMMUNITIES POPULATION GROWTH DISPLACEMENT ANTENATAL VISITS INCOME INEQUALITY GOLD ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION GOLD MINES PRODUCTIVITY MIGRATION TRANSFERS MINING COMPANIES MARKETS SEXUAL RISK HOUSEHOLD INCOME MINING ACTIVITY ORGANIZATIONS POLLUTION MINING INDUSTRY STANDARDS LABOR PLACE OF RESIDENCE MIGRANTS NATURAL RESOURCES SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT ARTISANAL AND SMALL-SCALE MINING MORTALITY RADIO ACTIVE MINES RISKY SEXUAL BEHAVIOR RESPECT NUTRITIONAL STATUS PROGRESS GOLD MINE INFANT MORTALITY HOUSEHOLD LEVEL INFANT MIDWIFE MIGRANT DOMESTIC VIOLENCE FOOD SECURITY RECREATION WAGES POLICIES CHRONIC MALNUTRITION MINERAL RESOURCES HIV POLYGAMY WOMAN POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER VALUE FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT MINES WORKSHOP URBAN AREAS MINING ROYALTIES JOB CREATION POPULATIONS MOTHER YOUNG CHILDREN NATIONALS POLICY INFANT HEALTH ECONOMICS CITIZENS MINING COMMUNITIES WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION SPILLOVER MANAGEMENT CHILD MORTALITY MINING ACTIVITIES SEXUAL BEHAVIOR LARGE-SCALE MINING SECURITY LOCAL COMMUNITIES WAR INVESTMENT NATURAL RESOURCE RISK BENEFICIAL EFFECTS MIDWIVES ILLNESS FEWER PEOPLE SUPPLY HUMAN WELFARE SUBSISTENCE FARMING POPULATION MARITAL STATUS GOLD RUSH LIVING CONDITIONS CHILD LABOR POLICY RESEARCH FERTILITY WOMEN LABOUR LABOR MARKETS OUTCOMES GOLD PRODUCTION PRICES DEVELOPMENT POLICY
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Ghana
2015-05-07T21:41:15Z | 2015-05-07T21:41:15Z | 2015-04

Ghana is experiencing its third gold rush, and this paper sheds light on the socioeconomic impacts of this rapid expansion in industrial production. The paper uses a rich data set consisting of geocoded household data combined with detailed information on gold mining activities, and conducts two types of difference-in-differences estimations that provide complementary evidence. The first is a local-level analysis that identifies an economic footprint area very close to a mine; the second is a district-level analysis that captures the fiscal channel. The results indicate that men are more likely to benefit from direct employment as miners and that women are more likely to gain from indirect employment opportunities in services, although these results are imprecisely measured. Long-established households gain access to infrastructure, such as electricity and radios. Migrants living close to mines are less likely to have access to electricity and the incidence of diarrheal diseases is higher among migrant children. Overall, however, infant mortality rates decrease significantly in mining communities.

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