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Working Paper

The Cost of the Gender Gap in Agricultural Productivity in Malawi, Tanzania, and Uganda

LIVING STANDARDS AGRICULTURAL POLICIES AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SOCIAL NORMS EQUIPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH GENDER INEQUALITY WAGE GAP PRODUCTION EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN OPPORTUNITIES FOR WOMEN WAGE DISCRIMINATION AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION EQUITABLE ACCESS RURAL WOMEN SEXES UNITED NATIONS GENDER GAPS IN ACCESS LEVELS OF EDUCATION RESOURCE ALLOCATION INFORMATION LABOR FORCE DEVELOPING COUNTRIES WOMEN  FARMERS DISCRIMINATION NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT LEGAL STATUS AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION HEALTH SAFE WATER AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS HUNGER NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY DEVELOPMENT GOALS LAND TENURE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PROMOTING GENDER EQUALITY NATIONAL LEVEL USE OF ENERGY PESTICIDES EFFECTIVE POLICIES GENDER POLICY INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES KNOWLEDGE TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE DISEASES GENDER GAP DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN CASH CROPS TRAINING DEVELOPMENT PLANNING EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT GENDER MAINSTREAMING FAMILY SIZE SOIL EROSION PRODUCTIVITY UNITED NATIONS ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMME ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT ADOPTION UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS LABOR SHORTAGES LAND OWNERSHIP RESEARCH LIVESTOCK EXTENSION FARMERS GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GENDER ISSUES UNEP SMALLHOLDERS CROPS FOOD PRODUCTION FEMALE LABOR GENDER UNIT PROGRESS UNDP GENDER GAPS ECOSYSTEM FOOD SECURITY POLICIES WHO HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY GENDER DIFFERENCES WOMAN FAMILY POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER POLICY MAKERS DIVORCE GENDER FAMILY LABOR EQUALITY BETWEEN WOMEN CUSTOM FEMALE WORKERS RURAL POVERTY AGRICULTURE INCOMES AGENCIES CASH CROP WOMEN MANAGERS NUTRITION ACCESS TO FOOD ACHIEVEMENT OF EQUALITY ACCESS TO MARKETS DEVELOPMENT EFFORTS POLICY ECONOMICS CITIZENS SPILLOVER MANAGEMENT AVERAGE FAMILY SIZE FEMALE FARMER FEMALE FARMERS FISHERIES SEX HUMAN RIGHTS WOMEN FARMERS GOVERNMENT AGENCIES LAND SUPPLY CHAINS EDUCATION HUMANITARIAN ACTION GENDER ANALYSIS FARMS INTEGRATION FEWER PEOPLE RESPIRATORY DISEASES LIMITED RESOURCES POLICY IMPLICATIONS POPULATION GIRLS FUNDING WOMEN IN AGRICULTURE PRACTITIONERS POLICY RESEARCH SCARCE RESOURCES WOMEN AGRICULTURAL GENDER DIFFERENTIALS FOOD PRICES LABOR MARKETS TECHNOLOGIES ELIMINATION OF DISCRIMINATION PEACE BOTH SEXES SERVICES TO WOMEN GENDER EQUALITY DEVELOPMENT POLICY INEQUALITY AFRICA GENDER POLICY GENDER INNOVATION LAB WOMEN AND AGRICULTURE
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World Bank Group, Washington, DC
Africa | Malawi | Tanzania | Uganda
2015-10-19T17:31:44Z | 2015-10-19T17:31:44Z | 2015-10-14

Women comprise a large proportion of the agricultural labor force in Sub-Saharan Africa, ranging from 30 to 80 percent (FAO 2011). Yet women farmers are consistently found to be less productive than male farmers. The gender gap in agricultural productivity—measured by the value of agricultural produce per unit of cultivated land—ranges from 4 to 25 percent, depending on the country and the crop (World Bank and ONE 2014). This gap exists because women frequently have unequal access to key agricultural inputs such as land, labor, knowledge, fertilizer, and improved seeds. This report estimates the monetary value of the gender gap in agricultural productivity in Malawi, Tanzania, and Uganda.

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