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Working Paper

Jobs in the City : Explaining Urban Spatial Structure in Kampala

POPULATION DENSITIES EMPLOYMENT AUTOMOBILE LAND USE PATTERN MULTIPLE EQUILIBRIA ECONOMIC GROWTH ACCOUNTING CONGESTION EXTERNALITIES ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT POLICIES PRODUCTION URBAN GROWTH EMPLOYMENT RESEARCH INCOME LAND USE POLICIES EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSPORTATION COSTS CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT INFORMATION LABOR FORCE RESOURCE ALLOCATION TREND ELASTICITY HOUSING EFFECTS HEALTH EQUILIBRIUM URBAN LAND ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE CITIES LAND USE PATTERNS RENTS PUBLIC TRANSPORT SYSTEMS CHOICE LABOR MARKET URBAN EMPLOYMENT ROAD COSTS TRANSPORTATION NETWORK TRANSPORT SYSTEMS TRANSPORT PROBABILITY HEALTH CENTERS METROPOLITAN AREAS MOBILITY URBAN MANAGEMENT PRODUCTIVITY EXTERNALITIES MARKETS ORGANIZATIONS FLOOR AREA TRUE LABOR LAND VALUE EFFICIENCY INFRASTRUCTURE FEMALE LABOR LAND USE BUSES AUTOMOBILES MIXED USE BUS TRANSPORT NETWORK EXTERNALITY GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH REGULATIONS CONGESTION TRANSPORTATION INSPECTION WAGES POLICIES SCHOOLS VALUE ACCESSIBILITY FLOOR AREA RATIO POPULATION DENSITY URBAN AREAS URBAN AREA INDEXES PUBLIC TRANSPORT JOB CREATION BUS STATIONS ECONOMIC THEORY SUBURBAN AREAS URBAN DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS BRIDGE CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICTS MANAGEMENT SKILLED LABOR ROADS EQUILIBRIUM WAGES SPRAWL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SLUMS LAND THEORY EVALUATION RISK AGGLOMERATION ECONOMIES RAILROADS INTEGRATION SUPPLY TRANSPORT TECHNOLOGY OPTIMAL ALLOCATION POPULATION INVESTMENTS URBAN ECONOMICS LABOR MARKETS URBAN GOVERNMENTS URBAN HOUSING CBD URBAN POPULATION INNOVATIONS ECONOMIES URBAN AGGLOMERATION ECONOMIES
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Uganda
2016-05-04T21:11:53Z | 2016-05-04T21:11:53Z | 2016-04

This paper examines the spatial organization of jobs in Kampala, the capital city of Uganda, and applies the Lucas and Rossi-Hansberg (2002) model to explain the observed patterns in terms of the agglomeration forces and the commuting costs of workers. The paper suggests that: (i) Economic activities are concentrated in the downtown -- beyond which employment is spatially dispersed. (ii) Geographically weighted regressions identify five potential subcenters in 2011; however, none of these contribute significantly to employment. When explaining the variation in employment density across localities in Kampala, the research highlights that (i) density falls by 23.5 percent per kilometer increase in distance from the nearest potential subcenter; (ii) an increase in local production externalities of 10 percent increases density by 3.7 percent; and (iii) production externalities in Kampala's potential subcenters are extremely weak to have any significant impact even on nearby tracts.

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