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Unlocking the Employment Potential in the Middle East and North Africa : Toward a New Social Contract

BUDGET CONSTRAINTS CONTRACT ENFORCEMENT DEBT DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION DEVELOPMENT REPORTS DISMISSAL DIVIDENDS DRIVERS ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC POLICY REFORM ECONOMIC REFORM EMPLOYMENT EMPLOYMENT GROWTH ENTERPRISE OWNERSHIP EQUILIBRIUM EXCHANGE RATE FEMALE EMPLOYMENT FEMALE LABOR FEMALE LABOR FORCE FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FISCAL REFORM FUELS HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT INCOME INCOME INEQUALITY INDIRECT LABOR COSTS INFANT MORTALITY INFLATION INFORMAL SECTOR INSURANCE INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS LABOR COSTS LABOR FORCE LABOR FORCE GROWTH LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION LABOR MARKET LABOR MARKET POLICIES LABOR MARKETS LABOR PRODUCTIVITY LABOR SUPPLY LABOR UNIONS LEGISLATION LIFE EXPECTANCY LIVING STANDARDS MARKET INSTITUTIONS MICROFINANCE MIGRANT LABOR MIGRATION MINIMUM WAGE MORTALITY NATIONAL INCOME NATURAL RESOURCES NEW ENTRANTS OIL OIL PRICES POLITICAL ECONOMY POPULATION GROWTH PRIVATE SECTOR PRIVATIZATION PRODUCTIVITY PUBLIC POLICIES REAL WAGES RIGHT TO WORK SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL SERVICES STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT SUBSIDIARY TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT UNEMPLOYED UNEMPLOYED WORKERS UNEMPLOYMENT RATES URBANIZATION WAGE DIFFERENTIALS WELFARE GAINS EMPLOYMENT POTENTIAL SOCIAL CONTRACTS LABOR MARKET NEXUS TRADE DEVELOPMENT INVESTMENT BEHAVIOR GOVERNANCE APPROACH GENDER ISSUES POLICY DIALOGUES DEVELOPMENT CONSTRAINTS STATE GOVERNMENT PARTICIPATION STATE INTERVENTION LABOR RELATIONS ECONOMIC POLICY POLITICAL ASPECTS LABOR ECONOMICS STATE WELFARE INSTITUTIONS GROWTH PATTERNS PERFORMANCE INDICATORS POPULATION DYNAMICS SOCIOECONOMIC CONDITIONS EMPLOYMENT POLICIES REGULATORY FRAMEWORK INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES REDISTRIBUTION REFORM POLICY
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Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | North Africa | Middle East
2013-08-12T18:06:55Z | 2013-08-12T18:06:55Z | 2004

The book focuses on the future prosperity of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, which together with other companion volumes-on trade and investment, governance, and gender-contributes to ongoing debates, and dialogues about development in the region, and the development challenges that would allow it to unlock its rich potential for prosperity. Through an introduction to the labor market outcomes in the post-World War Two period, the book presents a comparative perspective on the evolution of State vs. labor relations in the region, defines the social contract within its characteristics, and the external factors that contribute to it. State regulations and interventions were extensive, and, it is stipulated the economic future of the region will largely be determined by the fate of its labor markets. The book provides a comprehensive account of recent employment outcomes, and, outlines the policy reforms required to improve the performance of the region's labor markets. But the book goes beyond a technical discussion of labor market outcomes, and investigates the broader political-economic aspects of state-society relations. It integrates questions on how to build vibrant labor markets, and restore the region's growth performance, into a framework that also addresses issues of population dynamics, socioeconomic trends, employment regulations, the quality of institutions, opportunities in the world economy, and the impact of a redistributive social contract on prospects of reform.

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