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Financing Cities : Fiscal Responsibility and Urban Infrastructure in Brazil, China, India, Poland and South Africa

ACCOUNTABILITY ACCOUNTING ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROLS ASSET BASE BAILOUTS BALANCE SHEETS BANKING SECTOR BANKING SYSTEM BANKRUPTCY BENEFICIARIES BENEFICIARY BOND BONDS BORROWER BUDGET CONSTRAINTS BUDGET SURPLUSES BUDGETING BUSINESS CYCLE CAPITAL FORMATION CAPITAL MARKETS CAPITAL OUTLAYS CAPITAL REQUIREMENT CAPITAL STRUCTURE CASH BALANCES CENTRAL BANK CENTRAL GOVERNMENT GUARANTEE COLLATERAL COMMERCIAL BANKS CONTINGENT LIABILITIES CREDIT GUARANTEES CREDIT LINE CREDIT LINES CREDIT MARKET CREDIT MARKETS CREDIT RATING CREDIT RATING INFORMATION CREDIT RISK CREDITOR DEBT LEVELS DEBT MANAGEMENT DEBT OBLIGATIONS DEBT RESTRUCTURING DEBT SERVICE DEBT SERVICING DEBT STOCK DEBT-SERVICE DEBTS DECENTRALIZATION PROCESS DEFAULTERS DEFAULTS DEFICITS DERIVATIVES DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DEVELOPMENT BANK DEVELOPMENT FINANCE DIRECTED CREDIT DISBURSEMENTS DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS ECONOMIC REFORM EMERGING MARKET EMERGING MARKET ECONOMIES EMERGING MARKETS EQUALIZATION EXPENDITURE EXPENDITURES FINANCE INTERMEDIARY FINANCES FINANCIAL CAPITAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS FINANCIAL MARKET FINANCIAL MARKETS FINANCIAL RATIOS FINANCIAL SERVICES FINANCIAL SYSTEM FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS FISCAL DECENTRALIZATION FISCAL DEFICIT FISCAL DISCIPLINE FISCAL FEDERALISM FISCAL POLICY FIXED CAPITAL FLOATING INTEREST RATES FOREIGN BANKS FOREIGN CURRENCY FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT FOREIGN EXCHANGE FOREIGN EXCHANGE RISK GOVERNMENT BORROWING GOVERNMENT CAPACITY GOVERNMENT DEBT GOVERNMENT DEBTS GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE GOVERNMENT FINANCE GOVERNMENT FINANCES GOVERNMENT INVESTMENT GOVERNMENT POLICY GOVERNMENT REVENUE GOVERNMENT REVENUES GOVERNMENT SPENDING GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT HOUSING INCOME GROWTH INCOME LEVELS INCOME TAX INDEBTED COUNTRIES INDEBTEDNESS INFLATION INFORMATION DISCLOSURE INFORMATION SYSTEM INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCING INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENTS INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY INSTRUMENT INTEREST PAYMENT INTEREST PAYMENTS INTEREST RATE INTEREST RATES INTERGOVERNMENTAL FINANCE INTERGOVERNMENTAL TRANSFERS INTERNATIONAL BANK INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL MARKETS INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT INTERNATIONAL FINANCE INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENTS INVESTMENT CHOICES INVESTMENT DECISIONS INVESTMENT POLICY INVESTMENT PURPOSES INVESTMENT REQUIREMENTS INVESTMENT SPENDING ISSUANCE LAND REFORM LAND VALUES LEGAL ENVIRONMENT LEGAL FRAMEWORK LEGISLATION LEVIES LOAN LOAN GUARANTEES LOCAL CURRENCY LOCAL GOVERNMENT LOCAL GOVERNMENTS LOCAL INFRASTRUCTURE MACROECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT MACROECONOMIC STABILITY MARKET ACCESS MARKET CONDITIONS MARKET DISCIPLINE MARKET INTEREST RATES MONETARY FUND MORAL HAZARD MUNICIPAL BOND MUNICIPAL BONDS MUNICIPAL BORROWERS MUNICIPAL DEVELOPMENT MUNICIPAL FINANCE MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENTS MUNICIPALITIES NATIONAL TREASURY OPPORTUNITY COST OUTSTANDING DEBT PENSION PENSIONS PERSONAL INCOME POLITICAL RISKS PORTFOLIOS PRIVATE CAPITAL PRIVATE EQUITY PRIVATE FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS PRIVATE FINANCIAL SECTOR PRODUCTIVITY PROPERTY TAXES PRUDENTIAL REGULATIONS PUBLIC DEBT PUBLIC FINANCE PUBLIC FINANCES PUBLIC INVESTMENT PUBLIC SERVICES REGULATORY CONSTRAINTS REPAYMENT REPAYMENT SCHEDULE RESERVE RESOURCE ALLOCATION REVENUE ASSIGNMENT RISK MANAGEMENT SAVINGS SECURITIES SETTLEMENT SHORT MATURITIES SUB-NATIONAL BORROWING SUB-NATIONAL DEBT SUB-NATIONAL DEBTS SUB-NATIONAL FINANCES SUBSIDIARY TAX TAX EXEMPTIONS TAX SYSTEM TAXATION TELECOMMUNICATIONS TRADING TRANSFER PAYMENTS TRANSPORT TREATY TURNOVER URBAN DEVELOPMENT URBAN ECONOMY URBANIZATION USER CHARGES WATER SUPPLY
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New Dehli : Sage Publications and World Bank
Africa | East Asia and Pacific | Europe and Central Asia | Latin America & Caribbean | South Asia
2012-05-31T14:28:48Z | 2012-05-31T14:28:48Z | 2007

This book, Financing cities, emphasized case studies on different topics to look at the interactions of a range of variables and factors and to see how they fit together. Rather than require each case to follow the same format, the authors have structured their papers around the issues that matter most from their perspective in addressing the topic in hand. The first part of this book presents case studies describing the framework established at the national level to promote urban infrastructure finance while ensuring fiscal discipline and reviewing recent experience as well as future challenges. The subjects covered include the impact of political and fiscal decentralization, limitations on borrowing, managing moral hazard, the role of the financial sector, the achieving of the right balance between stringent controls and encouragement of local governments taking responsibility for fiscal discipline coupled with market discipline. The cases featured include three of the world's largest decentralized nations; together the five countries featured in the conference account for nearly a third of the world's urban population. Part I includes case studies for each of the five countries featured in the conference: Brazil (Chapter 1), China (Chapter 2), India (Chapter 3), Poland (Chapter 4) and South Africa (Chapter 5). Part II then shifts from the frameworks for fiscal discipline to urban infrastructure investments and the strategies used to mobilize investment funding. Chapters 6 and 7 examine the financing strategies for urban infrastructure in Shanghai and Brazil respectively. The next two chapters focus on specialized intermediaries offering urban infrastructure finance in cities. One is a fully private venture in South Africa (Chapter 9) while the other, in Tamil Nadu, India (Chapter 8), is a spin-off of a government fund with minority private ownership. The final two chapters examine experiences with two other mechanisms for mobilizing funding for infrastructure investments from the private sector, land leasing and sales (Chapter 10) and private participation in infrastructure operations (Chapter 11).

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