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Economic & Sector Work :: Other Social Protection Study

Inclusion and Resilience : The Way Forward for Social Safety Nets in the Middle East and North Africa, OVERVIEW

ABSOLUTE POVERTY ACCESS TO FOOD ACCESS TO SERVICES ACCESS TO TECHNOLOGY ACCOUNTABILITY ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS BANK BRANCHES BENEFICIARIES BENEFICIARY BENEFIT LEVELS BREAD SUBSIDY CASH BENEFITS CASH TRANSFER CASH TRANSFER PROGRAM CASH TRANSFERS CHILD HEALTH CHILD POVERTY CHRONIC POVERTY CLEAN WATER COMMUNITY ASSETS CONDITIONAL CASH CONSUMER GOODS COPING MECHANISMS COPING STRATEGIES CORRELATES OF POVERTY CROWDING OUT DECENTRALIZATION DECLINE IN POVERTY DECLINE IN POVERTY RATES DROUGHT ECONOMIC CRISIS ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC SHOCKS ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS ENERGY SUBSIDIES FEE WAIVERS FEMALE PARTICIPATION FINANCIAL CRISIS FOOD RATION FOOD SUBSIDIES HEALTH BENEFITS HEALTH CARDS HEALTH INSURANCE HEALTH SERVICES HIGH INEQUALITY HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT RATES HOUSEHOLD SURVEY HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS HOUSING HUMAN CAPITAL HUMAN CAPITAL FORMATION HUMAN DEVELOPMENT HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX HUMAN RESOURCES IMPACT ON POVERTY INCOME INCOME INEQUALITY INCOME QUINTILE INCOME SUPPORT INEQUALITY INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT INFORMAL SAFETY NETS INSURANCE INSURANCE SCHEMES INVENTORY LABOR INTENSIVE WORKS MALNOURISHED CHILDREN MALNUTRITION MEANS TEST MEANS TESTING MICRO-CREDIT NATIONAL POVERTY NATIONAL POVERTY LINE NATIONAL POVERTY LINES NATURAL DISASTERS NEEDY FAMILIES NUTRITION PROGRAM PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES POLITICAL ECONOMY POOR POOR ADULTS POOR CHILDREN POOR FAMILIES POOR HOUSEHOLD POOR HOUSEHOLDS POOR PERSON POORER FAMILIES POVERTY IMPACT POVERTY LINE POVERTY LINES POVERTY RATE POVERTY RATES POVERTY REDUCTION POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY POVERTY RISK PREVENTIVE CARE PRICE SUBSIDIES PRODUCTIVITY PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION PURCHASING POWER REDISTRIBUTIVE POLICIES REGIONAL AVERAGES REGIONAL WORKSHOPS RESPONSE TO CRISES RURAL RURAL AREAS RURAL POVERTY RURAL POVERTY RATES RURAL RESIDENTS SAFETY NET SYSTEMS SAVINGS SCHOOL ATTENDANCE SCHOOL ENROLLMENT SEWAGE SHOCK SKILLS TRAINING SOCIAL BENEFITS SOCIAL CONTRACT SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL PROTECTION SOCIAL SAFETY NET SOCIAL SAFETY NETS SOCIAL SECURITY SOCIAL SERVICES SOCIAL WELFARE SSN SUBSIDIZATION SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TARGETED TRANSFERS TARGETING TEMPORARY ASSISTANCE TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT TEMPORARY SUPPORT TRANSFER PROGRAM TRANSFER PROGRAMS UNEMPLOYMENT UNIVERSAL SUBSIDIES VOUCHERS VULNERABILITY TO POVERTY VULNERABLE CITIZENS VULNERABLE FAMILIES VULNERABLE GROUPS VULNERABLE HOUSEHOLDS VULNERABLE MEMBERS VULNERABLE POPULATIONS WELFARE DISTRIBUTION WORKFARE WORKS AGENCY ZAKAT
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Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa
2013-02-06T22:08:18Z | 2013-02-06T22:08:18Z | 2012-09

The report aims to meet two broad objectives: (a) enhance knowledge about the current state of existing social safety nets (SSNs) and assess their effectiveness in responding to new and emerging challenges to the poor and vulnerable in the region by bringing together new evidence, data, and country-specific analysis; and (b) open up and inform a debate on feasible policy options to make SSNs in the Middle East and North Africa more effective and innovative. First chapter, 'a framework for SSN reform,' describes and illustrates the reasons for the region's growing need for SSN reform and establishes the framework for renewed SSNs. It identifies key goals for SSNs (promoting social inclusion, livelihood, and resilience) and illustrates how these goals have been achieved in some parts of the region and elsewhere. Second chapter, 'key challenges that call for renewed SSNs,' analyzes the challenges facing the region's poor and vulnerable households, which SSNs could focus on as a priority. Two large groups are at higher-than-average poverty risk: children and those who live in rural or lagging areas. The chapter examines factors such as inequality of opportunities and lack of access to services that can perpetuate the lower human development outcomes among the poor in these groups. It also describes the challenge of vulnerability. Finally, it identifies particular social groups that are at a higher risk of exclusion from access to services and employment. Third chapter, 'the current state of SSNs in the Middle East and North Africa,' analyzes SSN spending and assesses different aspects of the SSN systems' performance. Fourth chapter, 'the political economy of SSN reforms in the Middle East and North Africa: what do citizens want?' presents new evidence on citizens' preferences concerning redistribution and SSN design, using newly collected data. It also discusses how political economy considerations could be taken into account in designing renewed SSNs in the region. Fifth chapter, 'the way forward: how to make safety nets in the Middle East and North Africa more effective and innovative,' proposes an agenda for reform and the path for moving forward, using global experience and the evidence presented in the preceding chapters.

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