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Light Manufacturing in Africa : Targeted Policies to Enhance Private Investment and Create Jobs

ACCOUNTABILITY AGRICULTURE ANALYTICAL APPROACH ARABLE LAND AUTOMOBILES BANK LOANS BANKS BARGAINING BARGAINING POWER BENCHMARK BENCHMARKING BENCHMARKS BENEFIT ANALYSIS BORROWING BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT BUSINESS ENVIRONMENTS BUSINESS REGULATIONS BUSINESS STRATEGY CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS CARBON CERTIFICATE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE CLIMATIC CONDITIONS COMMODITIES COMMODITY COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE COMPETITIVENESS CONNECTIVITY COPYRIGHT COST OF LIVING COUNTRY COMPARISONS CUSTOMS DEBT DEMONSTRATION EFFECTS DEPOSITS DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS E-MAIL ECONOMIC ACTIVITY ECONOMIC CONDITIONS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE ECONOMIC STRUCTURE ECONOMIES OF SCALE EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES ENTERPRISE SURVEY ENTERPRISE SURVEYS ENTREPRENEURIAL SKILLS ENVIRONMENTS EQUIPMENT EXPLOITATION EXPORT GROWTH EXPORT MARKET EXPORT MARKETS EXPORT OPPORTUNITIES EXPORTS FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FINANCIAL SUPPORT FISCAL POLICIES FISHING FIXED PRICES FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT FOREIGN EXCHANGE FOREIGN INVESTMENTS FUTURE STUDIES GDP GDP PER CAPITA GLOBAL ECONOMY GLOBAL MARKET GLOBAL MARKETS GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION GOVERNMENT POLICY GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT HOUSING HUMAN RESOURCE IMPORT TARIFFS INCOME INDUSTRIAL BASE INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT INDUSTRIAL ECONOMY INDUSTRIAL STRUCTURE INDUSTRIALIZATION INEXPERIENCED WORKERS INFLATION INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION INPUT PRICES INSPECTION INSTITUTION INSURANCE JOB CREATION LABOR COSTS LABOR DISPUTES LABOR EFFICIENCY LABOR FORCE LABOR LEGISLATION LABOR PRODUCTIVITY LABOR RELATIONS LAND PRICES LAND USE LAWS LEGISLATION LICENSES LIMITED ACCESS LOCAL GOVERNMENT LOCAL GOVERNMENTS LOGGING MACROECONOMIC STABILITY MANAGERIAL SKILLS MANUFACTURING MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES MARKET INFORMATION MARKET LIBERALIZATION MARKET SHARE MARKETING MATERIAL MEDIUM ENTERPRISES METALS MIGRATION MONOPOLIES NATURAL RESOURCES NEW ENTRANTS OCCUPATIONS OIL ONE-STOP SHOPS OPEN ECONOMIES OUTPUTS PAYOUTS PDF PENALTIES PENSION PLANS PER CAPITA INCOME PHOTO PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE POLICY MAKERS POLITICAL ECONOMY PRICE CONTROLS PRIVATE INVESTMENT PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS PRIVATE SECTOR PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT PRIVATE SECTOR INVESTMENTS PRODUCERS PRODUCTION COSTS PRODUCTIVITY PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH PROVEN RESERVES PURCHASING POWER QUALITY MANAGEMENT QUERIES RENT SEEKING RESULT RESULTS RETAIL TRADE SAFETY SAFETY NET SAFETY NETS SAVINGS SEARCH SKILLED LABOR SKILLED WORKERS SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT STRUCTURAL CHANGE SUBSIDIARY SUPERVISION SUPPLIERS SUPPLY CHAIN SUSTAINABLE GROWTH TAX REVENUE TAX REVENUES TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TECHNICAL SKILLS TECHNICAL SUPPORT TECHNICAL TRAINING TELECOMMUNICATIONS TELEPHONE TIMBER TIME FRAME TRADE LIBERALIZATION TRAINING COSTS TRANSACTION TRANSACTION COSTS TRANSPORT UNEMPLOYMENT UNSKILLED WORKERS USES VALUE ADDED VALUE CHAIN VALUE CHAINS WAGE RATES WAGES WAN WEB WILLINGNESS TO PAY
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World Bank
Africa
2012-03-19T08:44:25Z | 2012-03-19T08:44:25Z | 2012-02-21

The World Bank's strategy for Africa's future recognizes the central importance of industrialization in Sub-Saharan Africa, and the consequent creation of productive jobs for Africans, which have long been a preoccupation of African leaders and policy makers. This book represents an attempt to address these issues. The book stresses that, while the recent turnaround in Africa's economic growth is encouraging, this growth must be accompanied by structural transformation to be sustainable and to create productive employment for its people. For many African countries, this transformation involves lifting workers from low-productivity agriculture and informal sectors into higher productivity activities. Light manufacturing can offer a viable solution for Sub-Saharan Africa, given its potential competitiveness that is based on low wage costs and abundance of natural resources that supply raw materials needed for industries. This study has five features that distinguish it from previous studies. First, the detailed studies on light manufacturing at the subsector and product levels in five countries provide in-depth cost comparisons between Asia and Africa. Second, building on a growing body of work, the report uses a wide array of quantitative and qualitative techniques, including quantitative surveys and value chain analysis, to identify key constraints to enterprises and to evaluate differences in firm performance across countries. Third, the findings that firm constraints vary by country, sector, and firm size led us to adopt a targeted approach to identifying constraints and combining market-based measures and selected government interventions to remove them. Fourth, the solution to light manufacturing problems cuts across many sectors and does not lie only in manufacturing alone. Solving the problem of manufacturing inputs requires solving specific issues in agriculture, education, and infrastructure. Fifth, the report draws on experiences and solutions from other developing countries to inform its recommendations. The report's goal is to find practical ways to increase employment and spur job creation in Sub-Saharan Africa.

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