Skip navigation

Report

Jobs, Growth, and Governance in the Middle East and North Africa : Unlocking the Potential for Prosperity

ACCOUNTABILITY ACCOUNTING AGING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AQUIFERS AVERAGE LEVEL BUDGET DEFICITS CENTRAL PLANNING CITIZENS CIVIL SOCIETY CONSOLIDATION COUNTRY AVERAGE DEBT DEFICITS DEMOGRAPHICS DIRECT INVESTMENT DISCRIMINATION DIVIDENDS ECONOMIC ACTIVITY ECONOMIC CHANGE ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC INSTRUMENTS ECONOMIC POLICIES EMPLOYMENT ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION EXCHANGE RATE EXPENDITURES EXTERNAL ACCOUNTABILITY FAMILIES FINANCIAL SECTOR FINANCIAL SERVICES FINANCIAL STABILITY FINANCIAL SYSTEMS GIRLS GOOD GOVERNANCE GOVERNANCE CHALLENGES GOVERNANCE PROCESSES GOVERNANCE QUALITY GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES GROWTH RATE GROWTH RATES HEALTH CARE HEALTH INDICATORS HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT HOUSING ILLITERACY IMPORTS IMPROVING GOVERNANCE INCOME INCOME GROWTH INCOME INEQUALITY INFANT MORTALITY INFLATION INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS INSTITUTIONAL REFORM INSURANCE INTERNAL ACCOUNTABILITY INTERNATIONAL TRADE INVESTMENT CLIMATE LABOR FORCE LABOR MARKETS LABOR SUPPLY LIFE EXPECTANCY LIVING STANDARDS MACROECONOMIC IMBALANCES MACROECONOMIC PERFORMANCE MACROECONOMIC STABILITY MACROECONOMIC STABILIZATION MIDDLE EAST MIDDLE INCOME COUNTRY MIGRATION NATIONAL POLICIES NEW ENTRANTS NORTH AFRICA OIL OIL PRICES OIL RESERVES OIL SECTOR OPPORTUNITY COSTS PER CAPITA INCOMES POLITICAL ECONOMY POLITICAL STRUCTURES POPULATION GROWTH PRIVATE SECTOR PRIVATIZATION PRODUCERS PRODUCTIVITY PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH PROPERTY RIGHTS PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT PUBLIC EXPENDITURES PUBLIC HEALTH PUBLIC OFFICIALS PUBLIC SECTOR PUBLIC SERVICES REAL PRICES RULE OF LAW SERVICE DELIVERY SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL GROUPS SOCIAL POLICIES SOCIAL POLICY SOCIAL PROGRAMS SOCIAL SECURITY SOCIAL SERVICES SOCIOECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STATE ENTERPRISES STREAMS SUBSIDIARY SUSTAINABLE WATER TAX REFORMS TAXATION TRANSPARENCY TRANSPORT UNEMPLOYMENT UNEMPLOYMENT RATES URBAN AREAS WAGES WATER POLLUTION WATER PRICING WATER SUPPLY WATER USE WORKERS WORKING CONDITIONS WORKPLACE YOUNG WORKERS
58
0

Attachments [ 0 ]

There are no files associated with this item.

More Details

World Bank, Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | Middle East | North Africa
2016-03-31T16:23:47Z | 2016-03-31T16:23:47Z | 2003

This report identifies the following as the fundamental challenges and changes that the Middle East and Africa must meet and make in order to improve living standards over the next two decades: Between eighty and one hundred million new jobs to be created by 2020. Economic growth to be lifted from a sluggish 3.4 percent over the late 1990s to at least 6-7 percent a year. Governance to move from traditional autocracies to more inclusive governments, accountable to the people. Women to be more equitably included in economic activity and to harness the significant potential economic benefits from an increasingly educated and healthy female population. Public sectors to open the door to more private initiative. Economies dependent on oil and workers' remittances to diversify into manufacturing and services. Closed trading regimes to integrate with new trading partners in the region and the world. Impossible? No. Imperative? Yes. The political imperatives for such change and the stability of the old order are two opposing forces. The balance is shifting toward the need for reform as joblessness and slow growth make the old order increasingly costly and unsustainable.

Comments

(Leave your comments here about this item.)

Item Analytics

Select desired time period