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Working Paper

Information and Communication Technologies for Health Systems Strengthening : Opportunities, Criteria for Success, and Innovation for Africa and Beyond

ACCESS TO INFORMATION ACCESS TO THE INTERNET ACTION PLAN ACTION PLANS ADVERTISING ANALOG AUTHENTICATION BANDWIDTH BARCODES BASIC BEST PRACTICES BIRTH ATTENDANT BIRTH ATTENDANTS BLOG BUSINESS MODEL BUSINESS MODELS BUSINESSES CAPABILITIES CAPACITY BUILDING CHILD HEALTH CLINICS CODING COMMODITIES COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY COMMUNITIES COMMUNITY HEALTH COMMUNITY PORTAL COMPONENTS COMPUTER SYSTEMS COMPUTERS CONNECTIVITY CUSTOMIZATION DATA ANALYSIS DATA ENTRY DATA TRANSMISSION DATA TRANSMISSIONS DAY-TO-DAY OPERATIONS DECISION MAKING DECISION SUPPORT TOOLS DELIVERY SYSTEM DELIVERY SYSTEMS DEVICES DIGITAL DIGITAL ASSISTANT DIGITAL CONTENT DIGITAL DEVELOPMENT DIGITAL INFRASTRUCTURE DISTRIBUTION CHANNEL E-LEARNING E-MAIL ELECTRICITY END USERS END-USER ENTERPRISE RESOURCE PLANNING EQUIPMENT FAMILY PLANNING FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS FINANCIAL SERVICES FINANCIAL SYSTEMS FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS FUNCTIONALITY GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM GOVERNMENT OFFICES GPS GROWTH STRATEGY HARDWARE HARMONIZATION HEALTH CARE HEALTH CARE ACCESS HEALTH CARE EXPENDITURES HEALTH CARE FINANCING HEALTH CENTERS HEALTH EDUCATION HEALTH EXTENSION HEALTH INFORMATION HEALTH INFORMATION SYSTEM HEALTH INTERVENTIONS HEALTH MANAGEMENT HEALTH ORGANIZATION HEALTH OUTCOMES HEALTH POLICY HEALTH PROMOTION HEALTH SECTOR HEALTH SERVICES HEALTH SPECIALIST HEALTH SYSTEM HEALTH SYSTEMS HEALTH SYSTEMS STRENGTHENING HOSPITALS HUMAN CAPACITY HUMAN DEVELOPMENT HUMAN RESOURCE HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT HUMAN RESOURCES ICT IMPLEMENTATION PLANS IMPLEMENTATIONS INCOME INFORMATICS INFORMATION FLOWS INFORMATION SERVICE INFORMATION SYSTEM INFORMATION SYSTEM STANDARDS INFORMATION SYSTEMS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION INNOVATIONS INSTALLATION INSTITUTION INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS INTERACTIVE VOICE RESPONSE INTERCONNECTIVITY INTEROPERABILITY INTERVENTION INVENTORY INVENTORY MANAGEMENT IVR JAVA KNOW-HOW KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT KNOWLEDGE SHARING LEGAL FRAMEWORK LICENSES LISTSERVS LOCALIZATION LOGISTICS SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT SOFTWARE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM MARKET DEMAND MARKET OPPORTUNITIES MARKETING MATERIAL MEDICINES MENUS MESSAGING MIDWIFERY MOBILE NETWORK MOBILE NETWORKS MOBILE PHONE MOBILE PHONES MOBILE TELEPHONY NETWORK ORGANIZATION NETWORKS NEW MARKET NEW TECHNOLOGIES NURSES NUTRITION ONLINE NETWORK OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE OPEN STANDARDS OPERATING SYSTEM PARADIGM SHIFT PATIENT PATIENTS PAYMENT SYSTEMS PDF PENETRATION RATE PERSONAL DIGITAL ASSISTANT PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PHYSICIANS PILOT PROJECT PILOT PROJECTS POLICY FRAMEWORKS POSTERS POWER SUPPLIES PREGNANCY PREGNANT WOMEN PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS PRIVATE SECTOR PRIVATE SECTORS PROCUREMENT PRODUCT AVAILABILITY PROGRAMMING PROTOCOL PUBLIC HEALTH PUBLIC HEALTH CARE PUBLISHING RADIO REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT REGULATORY ENVIRONMENTS REGULATORY FRAMEWORK RELIABILITY REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH RESULT RESULTS SATELLITE SATELLITE CONNECTIONS SATELLITES SEARCHABLE DATABASE SERVERS SERVICE PROVIDERS SEXUAL HEALTH SIMULATION SITES SMART CARDS SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT SOURCE CODE SUPERVISION SUPPLY CHAIN SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT TAXONOMY TECHNICAL EXPERTISE TECHNICAL SUPPORT TECHNOLOGICAL INFRASTRUCTURE TECHNOLOGY PARK TELECOM TELECOMMUNICATIONS TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE TELEPHONE TELEPHONE SERVICE TERMINALS USER USER COMMUNITY USER IDS USERS USES VACCINATION VERIFICATION VIDEOS WASTE WEB WEBSITE WEBSITES WELLNESS WORKERS WORKSTATIONS
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Africa
2015-04-08T21:14:41Z | 2015-04-08T21:14:41Z | 2015-01

Information and communication technologies (ICT) for health or eHealth solutions hold great potential for generating systemic efficiencies by strengthening five critical pillars of a health system: human resources for health, supply chain management, health care financing, governance and service delivery, and infrastructure. This report describes the changing landscape of eHealth initiatives through these five pillars, with a geographic focus on Sub-Saharan Africa. This report further details seven criteria, or prerequisites, that must be considered and addressed in order to effectively establish and scale up ICT-based solutions in the health sector. These criteria include infrastructure, data and interoperability standards, local capacity, policy and regulatory environments, an appropriate business model, alignment of partnerships and priorities, and monitoring and evaluation. In order to bring specific examples of these criteria to light, this report concludes with 12 specific case studies of potentially scalable ICT-based health care solutions currently being implemented across the globe at community, national, and regional levels. This report is intended to be used by development practitioners, including task team leaders at the World Bank, to strengthen their understanding of the use of ICT to support health systems strengthening (HSS) efforts as well as to highlight critical prerequisites needed to optimize the benefits of ICT for health.

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